In the first month of pregnancy the woman most oftenhas not yet guessed that a new life has sprung up in her body. There are no visible changes in the state of health and appearance yet, therefore the main sign that the expectant mother pushes to the idea of her interesting situation is usually the delay of menstruation.
Feelings of a woman in early pregnancy
However, contrary to the generally accepted opinion, the absencemonth - is by no means the only symptom of pregnancy that has occurred. After conception, the female body begins to prepare intensively for future motherhood and important changes take place in it. Many women simply do not pay attention to sudden drowsiness and constant fatigue, writing off these signs of pregnancy for overwork at work. During this period, the future mammies slightly increase the mammary glands, change the consistency and the amount of cervical mucus, there is a taste of metal in the mouth, there are frequent urge to urinate, reminiscent of manifestations of cystitis. In the first weeks after the conception of the child, women usually do not experience nausea, most often it occurs from the second month of bearing the fetus. But in medical practice, there are cases when pregnant women begin to complain of attacks of toxicosis after a few days after fertilization of the egg. A woman can be annoyed by smells coming from the kitchen while cooking, and fragrances of perfume that she used to like. To the listed signs it is necessary to add frequent mood swings, capriciousness and even a tendency to depression, the causes of which are hormonal changes in the body. Symptoms can occur in different combinations. However, if a woman is young and completely healthy, the symptoms of pregnancy during this period may not bother her.
The process of the origin of life
What happens in a woman's body onduring the first month of pregnancy? Immediately after fertilization with the sperm, the egg begins to move along the uterine tube in the direction of the uterus. The penetration of the fetal egg into the uterine cavity occurs approximately 7 days after conception. Then the placenta is formed, through which the baby will receive from the mother's body oxygen and all nutrients for its development. In parallel with the placenta, the umbilical cord is formed and the process of active development of the embryo begins. From this moment begins the development of the body of a woman chorionic gonadotropin - the hormone of pregnancy. By the end of the second week, three embryonic leaflets are formed, which are the basis for the subsequent development of all organs, systems and tissues. From the middle leaf there is a chord, blood, lymph, vessels, muscles, cartilage and sex glands. From it begins the formation of internal organs. The external embryonic leaf gives rise to the formation of the nervous system, skin, hair follicles and nail plates. The respiratory and digestive systems are formed from the internal embryonic leaf. Approximately 21 days after conception, the baby develops the spinal cord and brain. By the end of the first month of pregnancy, the embryo already has blood vessels and a tiny heart that makes its first attempts at contraction, limbs begin to develop and eyeballs appear. With such a rapid process of development, the future little man remains very small, its size does not exceed a rice seed. On all sides it is surrounded by amniotic fluid. After a while, the embryo will turn into an embryo, then into a fetus, and at the end of 9 months of pregnancy, happy parents will finally be able to see their long-awaited baby.
Possible pathologies in the first weeks of pregnancy
At the initial stage of pregnancy, the embryo is veryis vulnerable, and any carelessness on the part of the mother can lead to spontaneous miscarriage or the development of serious pathologies in the child. Since a woman most often does not know about her situation, she continues to work hard, engage in sports and physical work, eat irregularly and irregularly, have little rest and do not take care of her health. And to do this is not recommended, since it is during this period that all the organs and systems of the embryo are being formed and such factors as taking medications, smoking, drinking can be poorly reflected in the course of pregnancy and the health of the future baby. In the first weeks after conception, a woman may experience a pathology such as an ectopic pregnancy, in which a fertilized egg develops not in the uterine cavity but in the fallopian tube, cervix or ovary. The fetal egg is in conditions under which it can not develop further and after 1-2 months this leads to a spontaneous rupture of the fallopian tube, as a result of which a woman experiences severe internal bleeding. Symptoms that indicate the onset of ectopic pregnancy - the occurrence of pain in the lower abdomen, scant bloody discharge, dizziness. If there is a rupture of the fallopian tube, the pregnant woman has severe pain in the groin, pallor, nausea, a syncope is possible. Any delay in referring to a doctor can be deplorable for a woman, the only way out in this case is urgent surgery. Another pathology that occurs in the early stages of pregnancy can be a cyst that occasionally forms on the surface of the yellow body and can reach a value of 8 cm. Most often, it passes by itself in the first half of pregnancy, but sometimes a cyst rupture occurs, resulting in bleeding . As in the previous case, the only treatment for this pathology is surgery. Removal of the cyst of the yellow body usually does not affect the course of pregnancy. At the initial stage of pregnancy, women often have fear because of the probability of miscarriage. Particularly experienced by those representatives of the weaker sex, who had already had spontaneous abortions. There are many causes of miscarriage, the most common of which are:
- damage to the walls of the uterine tube and uterus as a result of earlier abortions;
- congenital pathological development of the uterus;
- severe stress;
- lifting and moving a pregnant woman with weight;
- intensive sports and dancing;
- jumping from a height, excessive shaking in transport;
- feverish condition;
- taking certain medicines;
- taking hot baths;
- sexual intercourse, if the previous pregnancy ended in miscarriage.
A woman who is at an early agepregnancy, you should immediately go to bed and call a doctor if she notices obvious signs of miscarriage - the appearance of painful sensations and spasms in the lower abdomen, accompanied by bloody discharge (can be both abundant and barely noticeable). Bed rest and timely medical help can save a woman from miscarriage.
Vitamins and microelements needed in the first month of pregnancy
Very good, when a woman planspregnancy in advance, because in this case it increases the chances of safely enduring and giving birth to a healthy baby. Rational nutrition, moderate physical activity, fresh air, rejection of addictions and positive emotions can best prepare her organism for conception. A woman is important during pregnancy planning and after her onset of taking vitamins, the main of which should be vitamin B9 or folic acid. It has a beneficial effect on fetal development in the first months of pregnancy. Because of deficiency of folic acid in the mother's body, a child can be born with a malformation of the nervous system, a hare lip or a wolf's mouth. Premature birth is also often a consequence of a lack of vitamin B9 in pregnant women. The norm of folic acid for future mothers should be at least 800 micrograms per day. If a woman already has children with congenital malformations, then a daily dose of a vitamin is increased to 4 mg. It is best to take folic acid in a multivitamin designed specifically for pregnant women, or in tablets. Rich in vitamin B9 food supplies - oranges, lemons, grapefruits, legumes, asparagus, all green vegetables. But folic acid is poorly absorbed from foods, so it is better for a woman to take it as a part of medicines. Do not forget the woman about vitamin E. In the first weeks of pregnancy, it is indispensable, because it helps the body to produce a normal level of sex hormones necessary for bearing the fetus. For a woman in the first trimester of pregnancy, the daily dose of this "vitamin of fertility" should be at least 1500 IU. In products, it is contained in small amounts, so the future mother must necessarily use it as part of a separate drug or multivitamins. Of all the micronutrients, iodine is the most important at the beginning of pregnancy. Its daily norm should not be less than 150 mcg. If a woman in a position lives in an area with a lack of iodine, then the daily dose of this trace element should be increased to 200 mcg. Iodine is present in sea fish, eggs, milk, iodized salt. The necessary dosage of a microelement is in all vitamin preparations for pregnant women.
Determination of pregnancy using test and analysis for hCG
If the first month of pregnancy is leakingnormal, then a woman can not be rushed to register with an obstetrician-gynecologist. Confidently determine the position of the future mommy can with the help of a pregnancy test, purchased at the pharmacy. He determines the presence of chorionic gonadotropin in a woman's urine. In order for the test to show the exact result, it needs to be done after the delay of the menstrual cycle - then the level of the hormone will be high. The system is lowered into a container with morning urine: 1 strip that appeared on the tape after contact with the liquid indicates that the woman is not in position, and 2 bars indicate the pregnancy that has occurred. Determine the presence of the hormone of chorionic gonadotropin can be not only in the urine of a pregnant woman, but also in her blood. However, this study can be conducted only in the laboratory, having passed the analysis for hCG. The study will determine not only the presence of a hormone in the blood of a woman, but also its level, so you can judge how normal the pregnancy is.
Medical assistance at the initial stage of pregnancy: when is it necessary?
In what cases should a woman appear to the doctor in the first weeks of pregnancy? There are many reasons for this:
- elevated temperature;
- early toxicosis;
- bloody discharge from the vagina;
- pain in the abdomen
- any other symptoms that cause anxiety in pregnant women.
A future mother should beware of colds andvirus diseases, as any ailment can adversely affect the course of pregnancy and even provoke its spontaneous interruption. Many medications, which people are used to treating the sore throat, runny nose and cough, are categorically contraindicated in the early stages of pregnancy, since they can cause anomalies in the fetal development of the fetus. Before starting treatment with any drugs or herbs, a woman should consult a doctor. It is much worse if a viral infection or a common cold in a pregnant woman is accompanied by a febrile condition, since a high fever can lead to miscarriage or pregnancy fading. The difficult situation is aggravated by the fact that taking antipyretics during the first months of pregnancy is prohibited. In this case, the only way to reduce the temperature is a plentiful drink (slightly boiled black tea with honey and lemon, decoctions of raspberry and lime blossom, herbal infusions). Throughout the period of the disease a woman must be under the supervision of a specialist. The temperature syndrome can appear not only against a cold and ARVI, but also due to serious inflammatory processes in the body. A pregnant woman should in no case be drawn with treatment or wait for the temperature to normalize on its own. Only after the future mother passes all the necessary tests, the doctor will be able to diagnose her correctly and choose the most sparing and adequate treatment that does not have a detrimental effect on the development of the embryo. As it was already written above, toxicosis rarely appears in the first weeks after conception. But if severe nausea and vomiting disturb the woman from the very beginning of pregnancy, then she needs to consult a doctor. In order to ease the manifestations of toxicosis, a pregnant woman should adhere to some rules in nutrition:
- to ensure that the diet is attended by the necessary norm of carbohydrates, proteins and fats - rational nutrition promotes good digestion during pregnancy;
- to avoid dehydration of the body to drink a lotfresh juices, fruit drinks, compotes, and use soups and broths. When nausea occurs against a background of copious drinking, replace it with the use of foods containing a large amount of liquid (watermelons, melons, citrus fruits, any fruits and vegetables in fresh form);
- do not take any medication during nausea;
- there are only those foods that do not cause disgust;
- eat often and in small portions, at moments of nausea, refuse to eat;
- try to sleep and rest as long as possible;
- before you get up in the morning from bed, eat an apple, a handful of raisins or a cup of warm tea;
- protect themselves from unrest and stress.
A woman staying in the first monthpregnancy, can disturb unpleasant sensations in the bottom of a stomach reminding a menstrual pain. If the pains are weak, occur occasionally and are not accompanied by bloody discharge from the vagina, then it should not be worried. But when the pain becomes strong, cramping, and in the secretions there are impurities of blood, then the pregnant woman should urgently consult a gynecologist. Similar signs may indicate an ectopic pregnancy or a threat of miscarriage.
Nutrition, intimate life and the regime of the day of the future mother
A woman who is preparing to become a mother mustresponsibly approach the quality of their food. From the moment of conceiving a child, only natural and healthy food should prevail in her diet. At the initial stage of pregnancy, a woman still does not need to eat for two, the recommended average daily calorie rate is 2500 kcal. In the diet of the future mother should prevail fresh fruits, vegetables, iodine and potassium-containing foods. But from a fat and synthetic food, half-finished products, fast food, alcoholic beverages, coffee and strong tea, a woman should refuse not only for the period of the entire pregnancy, but also for the time of lactation. Most of the fairer sex, when they find out about their interesting situation, refuse sex, being afraid to harm this to their baby. The opinions of specialists about intimate relations at the early stage of pregnancy completely diverge. Some gynecologists believe that sexual intercourse at this time should be deleted, since they are capable of causing harm. But most doctors are sure that moderate sex in the first time after conception has the right to be, but it should be treated with utmost caution and responsibility. Contraindication to intimacy with a partner is a woman's poor state of health and the threat of a miscarriage. Despite the onset of pregnancy, the beautiful half of mankind continues to go to work or study and conduct housekeeping, because before the decree is far away, and with domestic problems, there is not always anybody to help. But the future mother should remember that now she is responsible not only for herself, but also for the life and health of her baby, so she should not be reworked and tired. A woman needs to rest whenever she feels tired and how to sleep at night. After adjusting her daily routine, she will be able to perform her usual work without much effort.