Ficus is one of the most popular plants,grown in room conditions. At the moment, the ficus genus has about two thousand species. These are large trees with broad foliage, and ficuses are ground cover, with small leaves, and ampel, and many others. The most popular varieties of these plants we want to tell you.
At home, a little moretwenty evergreen and deciduous subspecies of this plant. All varieties differ in the color of the leaves, their shape, structure, and other nuances. Let's get a little more detailed on what subspecies and varieties of ficuses are the most popular today, and identify their differences. Rubber Ficus Such ficus is the most common. He is unpretentious at home, especially his subspecies, which have green foliage. In addition, rubber cleansing air, which makes it an indispensable plant for a city apartment. The air surrounding his foliage is enriched with oxygen and then carried throughout the room. Here are just those rubber-legged ficuses that have large leaves, a little more capricious, and therefore will require more attention from you. Benjamin Ficuses of this subspecies among all small-leafed ficuses are considered the most popular. It is the leader in the number of varieties with leaves of various shapes, sizes and colors. The branches of the Benjamin ficus slightly wilt, which makes the plant even more attractive. The tips of the leaves are slightly drawn, which makes it possible to form a kind of "dropper" to drain excess fluid that falls on the foliage. Ficus Benjamin has a number of varieties, such as Natasha, Nuda, Starlight, Hawaii and others. However, all of them are similar in shape to weeping trees, reaching several meters in height. They differ, again, by the shape of the foliage and their coloration. The most attractive varieties are variegated. Benjamin loves constancy. Having decided to rearrange the plant from one place to another, be sure to place the ficus to the window with the same side as before. Otherwise, you will soon notice how the leaves begin to fall off. Types of variegated ficus need a fairly warm, well-lit place. Do not forget about moderate watering and maintaining the necessary humidity level. Lyrid Ficus Such a subspecies of ficus has wavy leaves, which in their form clearly resemble a violin or lyre. On the leaves - a relief pattern, consisting of greenish veins on a dark background. Foliage can reach up to fifty centimeters in length (but, despite the large size, it is impossible to trim such a ficus). Today, the varieties of Bambino and Compacta are especially popular. Remember that lyrate ficuses love solitude - you do not need to place it close to other plants. Such a tree will ideally fit into a large room with ample space. Only be sure to pay attention to the fact that it does not get direct sunlight, otherwise the tree will suffer. Growing a lyre-shaped ficus, it is important to make sure that in winter the temperature in the room where it is located does not fall below twelve degrees. It is important to observe other conditions of care for this plant. So, it is necessary to observe the irrigation regime - the soil must dry up before obtaining the next portion of water. To feed the lyre-shaped ficus is necessary in the period from the spring to the beginning of autumn, once every two weeks. Periodically spray the leaves and wipe it with a sponge. The transplantation is carried out only if the root system completely fills the entire pot. Carrying out all these simple rules, you will be able to grow an excellent plant that has long won the love of florists. Ficus Binnendika This fast-growing plant,It has beautiful narrow, slightly shiny leaves. Ficus does not tolerate even temporary temperature changes, and still does not tolerate drafts. Protect it from cold weather. According to the variety name, this plant is known as Ali. Some call it an ivy ficus, and all because its foliage is a bit like a pussy-willow leaf. The birthplace of the Binnendika ficus is in southeast Asia. It can be grown both at home and in the winter garden. Often it is used to green the interior, especially if it is made in Japanese or Chinese style. Such a tree will certainly fit perfectly into a stylized space in the Oriental style. Pay attention to the varieties of Alii, Amstel King and Gold. Deltoid Ficus Ficuses of the deltoid species grow rather slowly, however, if it provides comprehensive care, it will regularly tie yellowish fruits. It is important and to observe the correct humidity, and timely spray and water the plant. A little less often you can find on sale a triangular ficus, distinguished by small shiny leaves. Ampelnye subspecies Among the ampel species of ficuses the most popular is the dwarfish. This is a small-leafed room ficus, fast-growing. It is not at all similar to other plant varieties. It grows in Japan and China. Its difference is special endurance. Grow dwarf ficus need as a creeping or climbing plant that has thin shoots. The rooting ficus has larger leaves, slightly elongated. There are also variegated forms. It is distinguished by a great need for warmth and watering. Even if you do not dry the soil for a long time, the plant may die. It is very important to observe high humidity, on which this kind of plant also depends. Such ficuses are better to grow in a mini-greenhouse, or, alternatively, in an aquarium. In this case, the risk of over-drying is minimized. It will not be superfluous in such an aquarium and a small snag - on it the plant will crawl up. Watch also for light - it is better if it is diffused or artificial. Ficuses from hot countries Sometimes in the home grown such varieties of figs, which resemble the bottle trees. They are usually distributed in the southern part of California and in Mexico. Such plants store water from below, in a thickened dense part of the stem. It is because of this that the trunk thickens with time and begins to resemble a bottle. Such ficuses are best provided with wide pots to provide plants with deep drainage. In such a dish, the root system can not penetrate deeply because of too stony soil. In summer, the trees are watered more abundantly than in other periods of the year. And in the winter, watering is stopped altogether, renewing it with the onset of spring. The main representatives of the southern ficus is the petiolate ficus and Palmer. Fig (Ficus carica) Another type of ficus, which should pay attention. This is a fig tree, or, as it is also called, a fig, a wine berry. According to biblical motifs, the leaves of the figs were for Adam and Eve the very first clothing. The birthplace of the ficus of Carica is the Middle East and South Africa. Sometimes it grows in India and Afghanistan, as well as in the Caucasus and the Mediterranean. Such a subspecies has been cultivated since antiquity. By the way, a fig tree is considered one of the sacred among Muslims. Read the figs and Buddhists. It is known that it was the fruit of the fig tree that was the forbidden fruit mentioned in the Bible. Sacred and Bengali Ficus The sacred ficus grows in the east of Asia. Just like figs, this ficus is revered by Buddhists, who do believe that in the period of meditation, being under this tree, Buddha came to the state of Nirvana. In Bombay is widely known sacred ficus, whose age reaches three thousand years. This deciduous tree can reach thirty meters in height. From the bottom on the trunk, it forms a kind of air roots-supports. If the air temperature is excessively high, and the air is dry, this ficus sheds leaves. And, finally, Bengali Ficus. His homeland is India and Pakistan. The very name of the plant came from the name of one of the regions of India - the Bay of Bengal. In the eastern literature this tree is glorified as a symbol of immortality and rebirth, a special sacred banyan that needs to be read. As you can see, there are many forms, species and varieties of ficuses. Each of them has features that are important to consider when growing such a plant in your home or apartment. This is not the most demanding in the care of the plant, therefore to provide him with comfort in the conditions of the room for you certainly will not be a problem. In return, the ficus will please you with rapid growth and bright beautiful leaves that will perfectly decorate your home interior.