Ficus Robusta, or rubber, as it is stillcalled, can be considered the most unpretentious plant of all ficuses. And therefore, flower lovers are advised to start growing their collection of indoor flowers from this specimen. It fits perfectly into any interior, does not require large time costs for maintenance and care. And burdensome breeding will be an additional bonus for you. In addition, the rubberic ficus, due to its large thick leaves, effectively cleans the air of harmful accumulations of phenol and benzene. And followers of the teachings of feng shui recommend to buy this tree for people prone to various excesses. For example, spender or people with great appetite. The plant favorably influences the general emotional atmosphere in the house; The main purpose of this ficus for feng shui is to purify the aura of the house and protect the dwelling from evil spirits.
Rules for keeping Robusta
In the maintenance and care of Robust's ficus followsadhere to the generally accepted rules recommended for houseplants. Below we will dwell on the basic requirements that need to be addressed.
I must say that, unlike most speciesficus, Robusta is not so picky about the light and feels great next to the shaded window or on the windowsill on the north side. But without light, of course, you can not leave the plant. The lack of sunlight is easily compensated by additional artificial lighting. Most likely, this is not required, the ficus easily adapts to the existing conditions. The only thing that can ruin the juicy beautiful leaves is direct sunlight: they leave burns, which leads to yellowing and further dropping of the leaf.
The normal room temperature is optimal forthe content of the rubber-fig tree. Ideal care is provided at a temperature of 18-25 ° C. However, never put a pot of plant next to hot batteries. Hot dry air - the most terrible "punishment" for the ficus. The moisture from the leaves quickly evaporates, and the plant is dehydrated. Too low a temperature can lead to a drop of leaves. In general, the gradual addiction to the change of temperature is tolerated by the plant quite tolerably. For example, it happens in the spring and autumn, when you carry a tree on a balcony or a garden and in the opposite direction.
One of the necessary conditions that providesproper care and further favorable growth of the tree, - humidity above 50%. As a rule, and especially in winter, in apartments, the humidity of the ambient air hardly reaches 35-40%. Fortunately, this is easy to fix. Moreover, low humidity is also undesirable for people whose water content in the body is 65 - 75%. Purchase a special air humidifier; in extreme cases, spray the plant more often, shower him, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. Providing optimum moisture, as a reward for your troubles, you will get a ficus with juicy healthy leaves, which is valuable.
To water a tree it is necessary all the year round, in winter reducingthe activity of irrigation, in the summer, on the contrary, increasing its frequency. Water is better to use a constant, room temperature. Before pouring the tree again, always let the soil dry out a little. Do not pour ficus, it is fraught with decay of roots and disease of leaves. If, after all, there has been a long and repeated gulf, try to transplant the tree to another soil. In neglected cases, further withdrawal of the ficus may not be necessary. Stick to the golden mean when watering - better often and more moderately than rarely and abundantly.
Fibus should be fertilized in the period of Robustavegetation, that is, during active growth of leaves. As a rule, this happens with the first spring sun and until the middle of autumn. Best effect on the active growth of leaves and contributes to the branching of the tree nitrogen fertilizing. It will be enough to water the plant with a diluted solution of fertilizer in ten to fifteen days.
A young ficus is transplanted in springor early summer periodicity every one to two years. Everything depends on the growth rate of the tree itself and its root system. Long-livers are rarely transplanted, and if the specimen is large, then only the top layer of the soil is replaced. The pot for transplantation should not be much larger than the previous one, only an increase of two to three centimeters in diameter is allowed. Substrate for transplantation is nutritious; the requirements for it do not differ from the requirements for substrates for other varieties of ficus. Required quality drainage. In general, the rubber plant ficus without any special difficulties gets accustomed to new soil and immediately begins to grow actively. Young shoots do not require special care, they grow quite quickly.
Propagation by cuttings is the simplest wayobtaining a new ficus. The tips of the shoots are used, which are placed in the ground or in water with the addition of a root growth stimulant. For successful rooting, it is necessary to raise the temperature of the contents, for which it is necessary to cover a young shoot with a jar or a packet. Naturally, it is necessary to provide ventilation in this mini-greenhouse. Reproduction by air layers is allowed, which ensures that you have already obtained a large ficus.
Diseases and pests of ficus
Fortunately, this representative of the mulberry familynot from "weaklings", but because it is resistant to diseases and pests. What you need to pay attention to is yellowing or discarding of leaves. If this happens, then review the conditions for its content. Perhaps the tree is in a draft or it lacks moisture. Maybe the ficus needs to be taken away from the solar window or, conversely, to add lighting. But brown wet spots on the leaves speak of excessive watering. Putrid odor from the pot indicates a disease of the root system. There was a sharp drop of leaves - the plant is under stress. Dry warm air can attract pests such as spider mite and scab. Mostly they settle on the inside of the leaf, forming colonies. They feed on the juice of leaves, immersing the sharp proboscis in the plant tissue, and leave behind a sticky liquid that is a provocateur of fungal diseases. For example, black fungus may appear.
Prevention of diseases
However, saving your pet from all possible pests and avoiding the disease is not difficult, and the main way to prevent their appearance is basic prevention. What do I need to do?
- Arrange quarantines for all newly acquired plants;
- Periodically conduct visual inspection of the ficus;
- Comply with all basic rules of care;
- Weekly, treat the leaves with a damp cloth using soapy water and ordinary water alternately;
- If possible (at least once a month) organize for the plant a shower with warm water.
As we have already said, the rubber fruit ficus -the plant is unpretentious. By giving him a minimum of time and a maximum of love, you will gain calmness, poise and a lot of positive emotions presented to you by a stately handsome man with powerful leaves, whose name is the ficus of Robust.