Ficuses have only about 800 species, amongwhich have both giant trees, and undersized bushes, and lianas. The most famous representative of this genus can be considered a rubber tree - ficus elastic, which is known since the time of Queen Victoria. There were times when it was of great interest for rubber procurers, but today this plant is grown more for decorative purposes. We will tell you what kind of care is needed for the elastics ficus at home, so that it will create a favorable atmosphere in the house as long as possible. In natural conditions, this type of ficus reaches a very impressive size, but in apartments it is much more modest and does not seek to fill all the space around its crown. The young plant has a single trunk, but the adult ficus acquires additional air roots, which add to the cumbersome tree. Sometimes in India, people use this feature of the rubber-fig tree and create with its help real hinged bridges of life over the abysses. Ficus leaves resemble open palms. They are oval in shape, rather large and leathery, come in different shades of green, but in any case bright enough.
Care of the elastics ficus: features of the contents
Given that this ficus is a resident of humidtropics, no wonder that he is very demanding of humidity in the room where he lives. In summer, it is important to water the plant well, and in the winter with this you need to be very careful before watering, make sure that the earthen mash is completely dry. Ample humidification in the summer time is not a reason to create a small private swamp in the pot. Make sure that the water does not stagnate in the ground or in the pan. It will be difficult to restore the ficus after overflow. If, nevertheless, the mistake was made and the plant is flooded, it must be urgently transplanted and poured with corn root until nothing is threatened. In general, ficus love water treatments, and bathing or regular spraying will not exactly prevent him. The higher the humidity around it, the better the ficus feels. In natural conditions, ficus grows all year round, and only in our strip in winter time does it come a forced rest period due to a decrease in air temperature and illumination. So you have a chance to avoid this phenomenon, if you can provide the plant with additional lighting and adjust the ratio of humidity and heat. Then leaving will remain the same as in the summer (regular spraying and watering), and your ficus will develop continuously.
Where to arrange the ficus?
Ficus is considered to be an unpretentious plant andCare for him does not cause much trouble, but he does not approve of permanent permutations. Therefore, take care of its location in advance. Better, if it is as light as possible, you can even sometimes get direct rays of the sun on the ficus (but not more than a couple of hours per day). If the window is northern, it can not even be curtained. Ficus is quite tolerant to drafts, but do not test its strength and expose too much gusts, but an open window does not hurt your pet. In case of insufficient lighting, the ficus will begin to stretch the barrel too much and lose its attractiveness. The internodes will lengthen, the leaves will fall off, and overall growth will slow down.
All about transplantation and top dressing
Young plants will need to be transplantedannually. Pots pick up a classic shape, but remember that the ficus do not like too deep "immersion". Ground for transplant can be bought at any flower shop or done by yourself. If the latter option is more to your liking, then take leaf and sod land, sand and peat in the ratio 1: 2: 1: 1. It is not necessary to give free rein to root formation, and soon you will not know where to put the pot with the domestic giant. Ficus ficus is usually applied in the period of active growth, that is, in spring or summer. As a top dressing, choose any liquid fertilizer once every two weeks. If in winter your plant continues to grow, you can continue feeding, only concentrate the solution two times less.
Any care involves not only the creationfavorable conditions for growth, but a beautiful appearance of the plant. Ficus usually grows with one trunk, and even with time its lower leaves fall off and the trunk is bare. Agree, this does not look very good. It is recommended to grow a presentable species to grow a bush to the size you need and pinch the top (it can be rooted). After such a procedure, new lateral processes appear in the axils of the leaves, which later form a beautiful crown. In the future, they will also need to be cut, so that the ficus will branch even more.
Reproduction of the rubber-figged ficus
Reproduction occurs by cuttings. From one shoot, usually get as many cuttings as there are leaves on it. The stalk should be at least one leaf with an intact eye and half the next internode. When cut was cut, it is necessary to get rid of the milky juice that emerges from it. To do this, put it in the water and periodically change it until the juice ceases to protrude. In order for the stalk to take root quickly, make a small cross-shaped incision at the bottom, drop them into the heated soil and cover them with a plastic wrap.
Possible problems in care
As you can see, caring for a ficus elastic is fairly simple, and this plant can be safely recommended to all too busy and beginning gardening.