Among all the wild animals that domesticateda man, perhaps, is no more surprising than a frette. It is the predator of the family of cunies, who became a domestic pet about eight hundred years ago. Initially, ferrets were kept and bred exclusively for utilitarian purposes: for hunting rabbits. But in the 20th century, the frets became domestic pets on a par with dogs and cats. Only to them they are inferior in popularity among all kinds of habitual and exotic pets. These cheerful, friendly and amusing little animals are very common in many countries, but we still have a cautious attitude towards the frets. Maybe because they know little about them? Let's get acquainted with the domestic ferret and find out what kind of animal it is and how to keep it at home.
Portrait of franks
A domestic ferret is a small animal with a narrow anda long body. The females and males differ greatly in size. Females weigh about a kilogram and do not exceed 40 cm in length (from the tip of the nose to the tip of the tail). Males are larger: their weight varies from one and a half to two and a half kg, and the length varies from 45 to 50 cm. The hands have beautiful shiny fur of different colors : sable, pearly, golden and pastel. There are also completely white ferret-albinos. Molded ferrets in spring and autumn, the females still molt and before the offspring. They are animals with a smell. At ladies it is very weakly expressed and does not happen unpleasant. But ferrets-macho have a bright musky smell, especially during the rut. But neutered animals do not smell at all. In nature, ferrets lead a normal lifestyle. These instincts have been preserved in household fritters. They like secluded corners, they try to build holes from all sorts of rags, they can start digging tunnels in pots with house colors and enjoy digging on walks with pleasure. And also home ferrets love to make "nest egg" from food and toys, hiding them in secret places. The life expectancy of frits is from 8 to 12 years. They perfectly coexist with dogs and cats, but to keep the frits together with birds and rodents is dangerous. Predatory instincts do not leave any chance for birds or mice (hamsters, rabbits, beauties). Despite their mobility, ferrets sleep much (up to 20 hours a day), but easily adapt to the rhythm of their owners' lives. They have a very good hearing and a sense of smell. But the vision of the frits is not important - they are shortsighted and distinguish only shades of gray and red.
The frank character
Fretka the animal is intelligent. In addition to cleverness, domestic ferrets also have such qualities as playfulness, curiosity, friendliness and fearlessness. They give in to training, it's easy, like cats, to get accustomed to the tray, and how dogs like walks with the host. More frek names are quickly remembered and readily respond to them. Activity and playfulness in franks do not disappear either in the process of growing up or after castration. All animals are quite individual and capricious. Therefore, the behavior of the domestic ferret in many ways depends on the owner and his role as educator and trainer. Most ferrets are silent. However, they express emotions not only by behavior, but also by sounds. Cooing or gukaniem accompanied by positive emotions and friendly mood. This sound is accompanied by games, as well as the manifestation of tenderness towards the master or cubs (in females). With annoyance, anger or indignation ferrets hiss, and with pain and fright they make sharp cries. Puppies of frets also creak. With this sound they call your mother when they are cold or hungry.
Contents of coils
For animals such as domestic ferretsin the cell is not like - this is freedom-loving creatures. But even for the temporary maintenance of fritters (during cleaning or as punishment), the cage should be spacious, with a drink, a toilet and a bed. It is best for him to build (or buy) a cozy shelter where to put a soft litter. For the complete happiness of the ferret this house can be equipped with hammocks, labyrinths, ladder and a box with sand for digging. The home ferret also needs a toilet tray, toys (only not rubber and not fur!) And bowls for water and food. Feeding the frets is preferably food as close as possible to their natural diet. These predators in nature eat live rodents, and such food would be ideal for them in urban conditions. But most often for ferrets cook porridge from minced meat and heavily boiled cereals. You can also feed the fritters and special dry ferret food or premium-class feed for kittens. Do not mix dry food with natural food and feed the frits with food from your table.
At the heart of the education of domestic ferrets is the method"A carrot and a stick." For unacceptable behavior, he is punished, for the right behavior is encouraged. Ferrets are smart and quickly learn all the lessons. In addition, they can be trained. But the first thing that needs to be done is to train the animal to the tray and disaccustom it to bite. And remember that no effort will help you to wean the frette to dig the earth and hide food. With this, you have to reconcile or find a compromise. In all other respects, your efforts of the educator will necessarily be successful. In general, for such animals as fritters, the content is quite unproblematic. It is similar in many respects to the content of dogs and cats. True, newly-minted owners of fritters still need to get acquainted with the peculiarities of these animals and get a qualified consultation from the breeder. And if we add patience and love to this knowledge, mutual positive emotions will be provided for both the animal and its master. We advise you to read: