Female diseases are diseases of the genital organswomen, that is gynecological. It is very important to notice the pathology and consult a gynecologist so that you can diagnose and start treatment as soon as possible. Female diseases in gynecology are divided into types: venereal diseases (candidiasis, gonorrhea, bacterial vaginosis, etc.), inflammatory processes (adnexitis, bartholinitis, vulvitis, etc.), erosion, tumors, hormonal disorders (myoma, cyst, mastopathy, etc.) ), menstrual cycle disorders, menopause, infertility, etc. Gynecologists note that the inflammatory diseases of female genital organs are the first among all women's gynecological problems. Every woman should know the symptoms of the disease so that she can notice the pathology and consult the gynecologist at the initial stage of the disease.
Diseases of female genital organs: causes
Inflammatory diseases of female genital organs can develop due to various reasons. The most common of these are:
- incorrect arrangement of female internal genital organs (in particular, the uterus and ovaries), their inappropriate development;
- infection (including those that are sexually transmitted);
- hormonal disorders, violation of the activity of endocrine glands;
- a complicated pregnancy, childbirth or a breeding season;
- weakened immunity, stress, overwork;
In any case, women's diseases rarely occur onflat place: this is usually facilitated by certain conditions and favorable for the development of the disease background. Usually, the diseases of the female sexual sphere have marked signs (symptoms). As a rule, they are accompanied by whites (excessive quantity or unusual character of secretions from the genitals, often with an unpleasant odor), menstrual irregularities, bloody discharge or even bleeding, rashes, burning, itching in the area of the external and internal genital organs, lower abdominal pains they can be transient and weak, and can be clearly pronounced). However, more and more gynecologists note that at present gynecological diseases in women are asymptomatic or the symptoms are so weak that women do not pay attention to them. And it turns out that a woman turns to a doctor already when the disease gives a strong discomfort: it is accompanied by pain, high fever. Often, it is difficult to treat and has irreparable consequences for women's health. Therefore it is very important to be able to determine the appearance of pathological signs, to recognize the disease at the beginning of development and at the time of seeking help in gynecology.
The causes and consequences of inflammatory diseases
The insidiousness of the inflammatory processes isjust in the fact that such diseases are asymptomatic, so it is very easy not to notice the onset of the disease. However, it is these diseases that most often cause complications, as they are usually treated when they are already in a failed state. That is why it is so important to undergo a preventive check at the gynecologist at least twice a year to prevent the development of pathology. Inflammatory process in women can develop in the external and internal genital organs. The inflammatory processes in the external genitalia include bartholinitis, vaginitis and vulvitis. Inflammation of the internal genital organs: endometritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, oophoritis, adnexitis, pelvioperitonitis. The cause of inflammatory diseases in women are infections. Symptoms of inflammation are few: pain in the lower abdomen, pathological discharge from the vagina, which have an uncharacteristic texture, color and unpleasant odor, swelling of the tissues. If you notice any of the symptoms, you need to see a doctor. Inflammatory diseases of female genital organs can be chronic and acute. If the disease is in the acute stage, the symptoms will be pronounced: there may be severe pain in the lower abdomen, a rise in temperature. However, the disease can pass the acute stage and develop immediately with a chronic one. Then the symptoms will be transitory, that is, they will vary in strength: severe pain will be replaced by a temporary lull, then come back again, etc. The disease can go to a chronic stage even if the disease is not cured completely or does not begin treatment at all. Inflammatory processes not only give the woman a lot of unpleasant sensations - everything is much more serious, because these diseases can have the most unfortunate consequences: they destroy the reproductive and sexual function, affect the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular and other body systems. In addition, they can lead to more serious gynecological diseases: spikes in the fallopian tubes, which lead to infertility.
Inflammatory diseases of female external genital organs
Below we will consider the main inflammatorydiseases of the external female genitalia and their symptoms. As we said earlier, they include bartholinitis, vaginitis, vulvitis. Remember: if you find at least one symptom, contact the gynecologist, it is always easier to cure the disease at the very beginning of its development, rather than later, when it acquires a neglected form. In addition, do not put yourself a diagnosis based on the reading and do not engage in self-medication. The diagnosis and treatment are the sole responsibility of the gynecologist. So, now we will consider what inflammatory diseases can threaten the sexual sphere of a woman. Bartholinitis is an inflammation of the Bartholin gland (this is a large gland of the vagina vestibule). It occurs as a result of non-compliance with hygiene, infections that are sexually transmitted. The disease is asymptomatic. Vaginitis (colpitis) is an inflammatory process of the vaginal mucosa. The disease is accompanied by abundant purulent, mucous or purulent-mucous discharge from the vagina, burning, itching, pain and flushing of the vaginal mucosa. Vagingitis can have a different nature, and symptoms depend on it. So, with trihomonadnom vaginitis, there are abundant foamy and purulent discharge, burning, itching. With fungus (candida) colpitis - whites, curd fever, burning and itching in the vagina. This is typical for women of childbearing age. In girls, the disease is accompanied by inflammation of the external genitalia. If colpitis is caused by ingress of a foreign object into the vagina, the discharge may contain an admixture of blood. With bacterial vaginitis in girls there are scant excretions, itching of the external genitalia. Vulvit - inflammation of the vulva, external genital organs: pubic, small and large labia, vestibule, clitoris and hymen. Typically, the disease is typical for girls and elderly women. The cause can serve as a comb, injury or cracks in the epithelium of the vulva, in girls - pinworms. It can be acute and chronic. With acute vulvitis, burning, severe itching of the external genitalia, pain, hyperemia and edema of the external genitalia are noted, plaque on them. In a chronic stage, the symptoms usually disappear, but return periodically and are not pronounced. However, the chronic stage can again return to acute, and the exacerbations will become more frequent and less treatable. Vulvovaginitis is a simultaneous inflammatory process of the vulva (vulvitis) and the vagina (vaginitis). It is often this form of the disease.
Inflammatory diseases of female internal genital organs
As we have already explained, these diseasesinclude: adnexitis, endocervicitis (cervicitis), endometritis. Consider each of the diseases in more detail. Adnexitis is an inflammatory process in the appendages of the uterus, that is, the ovaries (oophoritis) or the fallopian tubes (salpingitis). Inflammatory process can cause staphylococci, mycoplasma, gonococcus, chlamydia and other pathogenic microorganisms. The causative agent of infection can enter the ovaries or fallopian tubes together with blood from the external or other genital organs, where the inflammatory process initially developed. Adnexitis can develop due to childbirth, abortion, sexually transmitted infections, non-compliance with personal hygiene rules and due to weakened immunity. The disease is asymptomatic. Endocervicitis (cervicitis) is an inflammatory process of the cervical mucosa. The cause of the disease are E. coli, gonococci, staphylococci, streptococci, infections that are transmitted sexually, ruptures during childbirth, erosion of the cervix, improper intake of contraceptive pills. Even in the acute stage of the disease, symptoms can be very poorly expressed. Usually this discharge (bleeding), itching, increased discharge from the vagina, hyperemia of the uterine mucosa, seldom there may be pain in the lower abdomen. The disease can take a chronic form, if not treated. Symptoms of a chronic disease, as a rule, are almost invisible. Endometrite is an inflammatory process in the mucous membrane of the uterus. The cause can serve as a fungal, bacterial or viral infection. The first symptoms of the disease usually occur 3-4 days after infection. The disease can occur in acute and chronic form. In the acute form of inflammation, weakness, fever, elevated ESR, abdominal pain, pus-like liquid discharge (sometimes with a syphonic), palpation of the uterus is increased and dense, and painful sensations occur. The acute stage lasts 10 days. If at the time of starting treatment, then a full recovery quickly occurs. If the treatment is not performed correctly, the endometritis becomes chronic. The main danger of this is that it can lead to the violation of the menstrual cycle, the development of bleeding, to miscarriage, aching pain in the lower abdomen, intrauterine adhesions.
Spikes are the cause of infertility
In gynecology, this disease is given a separatea place. Adhesions (adhesions) are a kind of constriction on the fallopian tube, which have arisen as a result of surgical intervention or inflammatory process. The initial function of adhesions is not to allow the inflammatory process to spread through the body. However, after fulfilling their positive function, they inflict enormous harm on the woman's body: they do not allow the pelvic organs to work correctly, and they can lead to infertility. There are three stages of the disease:
- 1st stage: spikes are located around the ovary, fallopian tube or other area, without interfering with the capture of the egg;
- 2nd stage: adhesions are between the ovary and the fallopian tube or other organs and can interfere with the capture of the egg;
- 3-rd stage: there is a torsion of the fallopian tube, violation of patency or completely blocked by the capture of the egg.
The disease is asymptomatic. Perhaps the only manifestation of the disease is the woman's inability to become pregnant. As a rule, it is with this problem that patients turn to gynecologists, as a result of which a commissural disease is found.