Chronic gastritis is a problem familiar to manypeople. And exacerbation of a chronic gastritis delivers to the person a weight of unpleasant minutes. And the general state of the body gastritis does not affect the best way. Therefore, it is very important to take preventive measures aimed at preventing an exacerbation of the disease. Well, in the event that you avoid escalating gastritis, you still need to know what treatment should be.
What is gastritis and what are its symptoms?
First, let's try to figure out whatis a chronic gastritis and how it manifests itself. Doctors call a chronic gastritis a sluggish inflammatory process that affects the mucous membrane lining the stomach cavity. Because of the presence of a chronic inflammatory process, degeneration of the mucosa occurs - it begins to atrophy, connective tissue appears, the glands cease to function fully. So, both the secretion of gastric juice and motor function are significantly worsened. Of course, such a phenomenon can not go unnoticed. There are a number of symptoms that reliably indicate an exacerbation of gastritis. So:
- Painful sensations
With chronic gastritis, a sick personperiodically experiences dull pain in the stomach. And during the exacerbation of the disease, the pain becomes very intense - a person often has to resort to the help of pain medication. Most often, painful sensations appear at a strictly defined time - usually after eating.
- Discomfortable sensations
In addition to stomach pain with chronic gastritisOther uncomfortable sensations are possible, for example, too quickly a feeling of satiety. And after eating, there is a strong feeling of bursting and pressure in the epigastric region. And in the event that a person with chronic gastritis experiences a feeling of hunger, sensations in the stomach are also very unpleasant.
- Nausea, vomiting
The feeling of nausea becomes a constant companionnot only for pregnant women, but also for people suffering from chronic gastritis. And even with an exacerbation of the disease, nausea intensifies at times - sometimes even vomiting may appear. Most often this happens after eating.
- Heartburn and an unpleasant taste in the mouth
In the event that there is an exacerbation of gastritisagainst the background of an increased level of acidity of gastric juice, a person can suffer from attacks of heartburn. In addition, the appearance of a very unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth is typical in the mornings. Typically, these symptoms are more or less present outside the period of exacerbation. But during the exacerbation of the disease they are much more pronounced. Do not forget that the above are only the main typical signs of exacerbation of chronic gastritis. In practice, the picture may be slightly different - it all depends on the individual characteristics of the organism of each individual person. One can have all the signs of gastritis, while the other can have only one or two. Therefore, to clarify the diagnosis still need to seek advice from a gastroenterologist. And the treatment should be selected exactly, too, he.
Causes of exacerbation of chronic gastritis
In order to make chronic gastritis worse,there must be good reasons. As a rule, they are the same as the causes, which initially led to the development of chronic gastritis. Let's try to understand this difficult question. And the first thing to be mentioned is the phenomenon of Helicobacter pylori infection. To date, scientists have been able to reliably establish that the development of gastritis is often caused by the penetration of helikobacteria into the body. These microorganisms easily penetrate the cells of the gastric mucosa. There they begin active reproduction. As a consequence, there is damage to the gastric mucosa and the development of chronic gastritis. If the reproduction of bacteria does not take control, there will be a regular exacerbation of the disease. In addition to this infection, both external and internal factors can provoke the development of acute gastritis. External factors include:
Probably, there is no one who did not knowwould be about how important nutrition for the organism is played by proper nutrition. But, unfortunately, we all constantly forget about it - the menu of a modern person is very difficult to call correct. If you prefer a spicy, sour food, too cold or too hot, the gastritis sooner or later will make itself felt. And in the event that a person already has chronic gastritis, the slightest error in nutrition can lead to an exacerbation of the disease.
- Problems with the chewing apparatus
Often, exacerbation of gastritis occurs during the periodany problems with the teeth. For example, tooth decay - pain can lead to poor chewing food. And, as a consequence, pieces of food injure the mucous membrane of the stomach, leading to an exacerbation of gastritis. Therefore, do not ignore the necessity of visiting a dentist.
- Bad habits
Often, exacerbation of gastritis is caused by suchAddictions like alcohol and smoking. Alcohol is very irritating to the gastric mucosa, stimulates excessive secretion of gastric juice, increases its acidity level. And the composition of tobacco smoke includes many toxic components, which also affect the gastric mucosa extremely negatively. That's why drinking alcohol and smoking with a high probability can provoke an exacerbation of gastritis.
- Certain medications
Often to exacerbate chronic gastritisleads to the taking of certain medications that have a strong irritant effect on the mucous membrane of the stomach. These drugs include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - such as butadionn, indomethacin, acetylsalicylic acid, drugs used to treat pulmonary diseases - particularly tuberculosis.
- Unfavorable working conditions
Unfortunately, sometimes people have to workin such very favorable conditions. And sometimes in frankly dangerous - a room with polluted air: particles of metal, dust or other substances. In such cases, aggressive substances get on the mucous membrane of the mouth with the inhalation of air, after which when ingested food settles on the walls of the gastric mucosa, thereby provoking the development of chronic gastritis. So, we sorted out the external factors. But you can not lose sight of the internal: Chronic inflammatory processes in the body. Periodic exacerbations of chronic gastritis are possible if there are any chronic sources of infection in the human body. For example, periodontitis, caries, sinusitis, tonsillitis. In addition, often exacerbation of gastritis causes chronic bronchitis.
- Problems from the endocrine system
The presence of a person with diabetes mellitus oradrenal gland diseases virtually guarantees an exacerbation of gastritis. And, as a rule, these diseases are aggravated simultaneously. Therefore, a sick person is very difficult - it is necessary to carry out a double treatment.
- Kidney disease, kidney failure
In the event that a person has a chronicrenal failure, exacerbations of chronic gastritis are simply unavoidable. This is due to the fact that the body accumulates a large number of nitrogenous compounds that poison the body.
- Chronic diseases of all other organs of the digestive system
Chronic gastritis is regularly aggravated in thosecases, if a person suffers from such diseases of the gastrointestinal tract as hepatitis, colitis, enteritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis and others. All these diseases inevitably lead to the fact that the normal function of the stomach is disrupted. Therefore, the treatment of co-morbidities must begin in a timely manner.
Treatment of chronic gastritis
As already mentioned above, with exacerbationchronic gastritis, the person's well-being suffers very much. And to delay with the beginning of treatment in any case it is impossible - otherwise the risk of development of complications is great. In order to choose the right course of treatment, you need to seek help from a gastroenterologist. We will tell you about the treatment only general information so that you have an idea of what you will have to face. During an exacerbation of a chronic gastritis the sick person should observe a confinement and a strict diet. Strictly speaking, it is dietary nutrition that underlies the treatment of chronic gastritis, because it directly affects the secretory function of the stomach. About what diet should be adhered to during the exacerbation of chronic gastritis, we'll tell you just below. Drug treatment is aimed at blocking excessive production of gastric juice, normalization of motor activity. All medicines should be selected exclusively by a doctor. After all, when choosing drugs, very many individual characteristics of the organism and the course of the disease are taken into account. In each case, a different treatment is needed. Improperly selected drugs can only worsen the course of the disease.
Diet with exacerbation of gastritis with low acidity
If the exacerbation of gastritis occurred against the backgrounda reduced level of acidity of gastric juice, a therapeutic diet should activate the work of the glands that produce digestive juice. However, it is very important not to damage the mucous membrane of the stomach. The permitted products include:
- Low-fat varieties of meat, poultry and fish
All these products can be boiled, cooked steamed or baked in the oven. Of course, without the use of any fats or breadcrumbs.
- Different soups
A sick person can cook vegetable, meat and fish soups. But the mushroom must be strictly excluded - they exert a load on the mucous membrane of the stomach.
- Sour-milk products, eggs
In a holistic form, use milk when exacerbatinggastritis in no case impossible, as well as chicken eggs. But all sorts of sour-milk products and omelets are not only allowed, but even shown during the observance of the medical diet.
- Dry bread and dry low-fat cookies
- Unsafe drinks
To quench thirst, a sick person can drinktea with lemon, natural juices, broth of dogrose, kissels and compotes of dried fruits. As you can see, the diet is not so scanty - the menu is quite diverse. And delicious dishes themselves can be pampered. But do not forget about the list of banned products. Their use will provoke the development of an even stronger inflammatory process of the gastric mucosa. And much more serious treatment will be needed. Such products include:
- Fresh bread and any baked goods.
- Ice cream, any cold drinks.
- Alcohol, nicotine.
- Any fried, fatty dishes.
- Sharp, salty and smoked products.
With an exacerbation of chronic gastritis with a decreasedacidity it is recommended to take the next herbal remedy. For its preparation you will need half a teaspoon of inflorescences of chemist's chamomile, peppermint, motherwort and flowers of the immortelle. Put the herbs in a thermos, pour one glass of steep boiling water and leave to infuse for three hours. After this, strain the infusion with gauze cloth. The resulting infusion of a sick person should drink in small sips, during the day. Treatment should last 5 days.
Diet with gastritis with high acidity
In the same case, if the acidity of the gastricthe juice is raised, the diet in no case should provoke an increase in the secretion of gastric juice, otherwise the treatment will be meaningless. And, of course, the mucous membrane is not worth irritating in any case. To do this, the following products should be included in the food allowance:
- Whole milk
Milk very effectively reduces the secretion of the stomach. And the amino acids contained in it completely satisfy the needs of the adult body. However, in some cases, the milk is badly tolerated by an adult - in this case it is necessary to dilute half a glass of milk with warm water. And you need to drink it after eating - no negative reaction of the body will follow, and treatment will be much more effective.
- Milk cream, fat-free cottage cheese
- All kinds of vegetables, processed thermally - baked, braised or boiled
- Pears, bananas, apples
- Low-fat varieties of meat and fish
The list of prohibited products in this case is the same as in the case of a diet with gastritis with low acidity. Treatment without such a diet is simply impossible. We advise you to read: