A lot of processes in life happencyclically including in the female body. After all, the woman's ability to conceive is directly related to her menstrual cycle. In this case, the ovulatory period is the most significant. Many women are faced with the fact that ovulation occurs before the term. What is early ovulation? And what is the reason for the premature ripening of the egg?
How the egg matures
Before answering these questions, one shouldlearn about how ovulation occurs. This is a process in which a mature egg leaves the ovary directly into the abdominal cavity, from where it is directed to the fallopian tube. After this, fertilization of the egg takes place, and pregnancy begins. If this does not happen, it will die in about a day. The period of maturation of the egg in each woman is different. In some, it is observed after menstruation, and in others - almost at the end of the cycle. However, in most women, the ovum ripens around the middle of the cycle. For example, if a woman's menstrual cycle lasts 28 days (average cycle time), then ovulation will occur approximately on the 14th day. Menstrual cycle is divided into 2 phases - folliculin and lutein. In the first phase, the egg ripens. In the second phase a yellow body develops. Ovulation divides these phases. It is important to note that the period of the luteal phase is to some extent stable and lasts about 14 days, regardless of the length of the menstrual cycle. Based on these data, you can find out the day when ovulation will occur. To do this, from the duration of the menstrual cycle take 14 days (from the end). For example, if the cycle is 35 days, then from 35 it is necessary to subtract 14, resulting in a result of 21. For approximately 21 days of the cycle, in our example, a woman will ovulate. If a woman's cycle is short (25 days), calculations should be made in a similar way. From 25 to take 14, having received as a result of 10. This will mean that the ovule leaves the follicle on the 10th day of the cycle. This method of calculation is called a calendar method.
Why would a woman know when she had ovulation?
If a woman uses a calendar methodcontraception or planning a pregnancy, she should know exactly when she has ovulation. It should be noted that this method of protection from pregnancy is unreliable enough, since in any woman this period varies very often, sometimes from month to month. In addition, a mature egg lives about a day, and spermatozoa can remain viable for up to 7 days. Consequently, a woman can become pregnant if the sexual intercourse has occurred within 6 days before the onset of ovulation and 1 day after it. Therefore, premature ovulation can be a serious problem for those women who are trying to get pregnant. After all, most of them just do not know such a feature of the body. When planning pregnancy, you must learn to determine the day of onset of ovulation. Premature ovulation is considered a natural process occurring in the female body. With early ovulation, the egg ripens and leaves the follicle as early as 8-10 days after the onset of menstruation. As a rule, its offensive is provoked by the following reasons: overwork, stressful situations, chronic illness, various diets, bad habits (alcohol, smoking), too active way of life. Factors affecting the early maturation of the egg, there are very different. The smallest changes in the body of a woman affect her menstrual cycle. Maturation of the egg and its release from the follicle immediately after menstruation can be caused by overwork, colds, stress, climate change, diet and sleep. Any bad habit (smoking, alcohol) and some medications can disrupt the menstrual cycle. Diets and sudden weight loss can be the reason that there is no conception. Often, premature ovulation is associated with a violation of the hormonal background.
How to determine ovulation
Ovulation does not have pronounced symptoms. But if a woman will closely monitor her body for several months, she will be able to predict the onset of ovulation, including premature. Thus, she can plan her pregnancy. How to understand that your body is ready to conceive? Symptoms can be as follows:
Also, a woman can determine herselfreadiness to conceive. In this it will help the methods listed below. In particular, they will be useful to those women who are planning a pregnancy. The first method is the measurement of basal (rectal) temperature. It must be measured strictly adhering to certain conditions. Measurements are worth producing for several menstrual cycles. The results should be recorded in a temperature chart. This method allows you to accurately determine the day of ovulation. The fact is that the basal temperature depends on the female sex hormones. In the first phase of the cycle, the temperature is maintained in the range of 36.7-36.8 degrees. In the second phase, the basal temperature rises to 0.5-0.7 degrees. During ovulation, a decrease of 0.3 degrees occurs. You can also determine ovulation with ultrasound (folliculometry). This method allows you to see a ripe follicle. Its main disadvantages are high cost and free time. Along with these methods, I help determine premature ovulation and special tests based on changes in the number of sex hormones at the time when the egg leaves the follicle. Such tests respond to a high concentration of luteinizing hormone in the urine. Its amount increases approximately 24-36 hours before the onset of ovulation. There is another option that allows a woman to understand that premature ovulation has occurred. To do this, you need to observe the cervical secretions. Every woman should remember that early ovulation is not a disease, so she will be able to conceive and give birth to a healthy child. The main thing is not to miss the opportunity.