Bolonka is one of the few breeds of dogs knownpractically to all. Until recently, when in our country and a special variety of breeds was not observed, any small white dog with fluffy hair was called a lapdog. Today we suddenly found out that the lap-dogs are different, and one of the most popular is the French lap-dog. But what is noteworthy is the name of the Bolognese Bolognese, which in fact is not French at all, but Italian. And this breed is known under the names of the Bologna Bichon and simply Bolognese. Adorable and playful are not only puppies of Bolognese dogs, but also adults. They are very affectionate, cheerful and obedient. In addition, the Bolognese are calm, not irritable, which is generally a rarity for small breeds. A sociability of these dogs and a sincere desire not to upset the owner make them just perfect companions. Let's learn more about this fashion breed of dogs.
History of the breed
This breed originates in the NorthItaly, where the Bolognese were kept as a rat-catcher in ports and on sea vessels. However, the beauty of these dogs played with them a good joke. Appreciated the appearance of small white rat-catchers and noble ladies, after which the Bolognese safely moved from dirty ports to boudoirs of wealthy Italians. Apparently the lapdogs were not the only inhabitants of the noble houses, because soon the appearance of women's pets changed: their wool buckled. And the guilt of this transformation, according to the cynologists, became poodles. Be that as it may, the Bolognese are obliged to Italian bolognese and poodles for their modern appearance. And close relatives of the Italian bolonok are still Havana and French bishon. By the way, they were called Bolognese dogs already in Germany in a reminder that the breed was brought from Bologna. By the way, in Russia the Bolognese appeared already in the eighteenth century, and the first mistresses of these dogs were the ladies of Catherine the Great. Yes, and in the personal chambers of the Empress lived these intelligent and incredibly cute doggies. And even earlier, the Russian autocrat (in the sixteenth century), the King of Spain, Philip II, valued the Bolognese. Having received them as a gift, Philip called the bolonok a gift worthy of the emperor. In general, the Bolognese for a long time "registered" in the royal palaces, and even were imprinted on the canvases of court painters. And what Italian bolognese looked like before, you can see in the pictures of Peter Bruegel, Titian and Goya.
Dogs of this breed are sometimes confused with MalteseBolognese, which is not surprising, since these breeds have common ancestors. And yet they are completely different dogs, distinguishing between the exterior and the standard of the breed. The Bolognese has a round head with a flat skull and a sharp transition from the forehead to the muzzle, the anterior part of which is almost square. The nose has a straight back and a large black lobe. The eyes of these dogs are also big and round, very interesting colors: dark ocher, with a black stroke. Highly set and long ears hang on cartilages. The body at the Bolognese square with a broad chest and dry (without suspension) neck. The back is straight, and the croup (loin) is very wide and gently sloping. Relatively short paws are placed in parallel, pasterns are oval, pads and claws of black color. The tail is bent by a ringlet and thrown on the back. The dog Bolognese is covered with a long (on the muzzle a little shorter) with a slight curl of hair. To the touch, the fur is soft and fluffy, but without the undercoat. The coat color is only white, without any marks or spots. In general, it is a small, stocky and compact dog, the height at the withers of which is not more than thirty centimeters in boys and twenty-eight in girls. And the weight of the bolognese should not exceed four kilograms.
This is a very peaceful dog: Bolognese perfectly coexists with any other pets. He is very mobile and playful, but fortunately the hosts, the activity shows only on the street, where he likes to run and frolic. But at home these dogs are surprisingly calm and behave quietly. This characteristic feature makes them coveted pets in families with young children, to whom the Bolognese are friendly. By the way, these dogs are generally friendly and communicative, it's true to acquaint them with people and accustom them to the street and loud sounds need from puppyhood. Growing up in isolation puppies, growing up, become timid and shy dogs. Educate them should also be from early childhood. In no case can you pamper and humanize these dogs (although the exterior of the Bolognese has this to it). Pampered puppies do not want, and can not remain alone, starting plaintively yapping and whining. In addition, indulging the whims will lead to the fact that you will grow up a small and naughty tyrant. However, everything is not so scary. Puppies Bolognese (however, like adult dogs) are easy to train, they are intelligent and with proper education do not deliver to the owners absolutely no problems. As any small dog Bolognese can be taught to cope with the need for a tray, which does not remove the need for the owners in daily walks. Walking promotes a good physical form of the dog, its good health and, importantly, mental development.
Care and maintenance
This breed of dogs is certainly home: she does not need a large "living space" and perfectly feels in urban conditions. Despite the "rich" wool, which is covered with Bolognese, care for it is not burdensome. The wool of the Bolognese does not shed, but for a neat appearance it needs combing, otherwise it gets stuck in the coils. Also this dog needs periodic bathing (not more often than once a month) and grooming. In nutrition, Italian lap-dogs are not fastidious and do not need a special diet. Special health problems also do not arise, except for possible eye diseases and allergies. Bolognese live on average twelve to fourteen years, and with good content and heredity and up to eighteen. In a word, the dog Bolognese is an excellent option for those wishing to have a miniature dog with an attractive appearance and good character. And if you are determined to purchase this baby, then certainly you will not regret acquiring. A small fluffy dog will fill your home with joy, and life with meaning. We advise you to read: