1 Thyroid gland, a form of its ownbutterfly, is on the neck, in front of it. This gland is designed to produce hormones necessary for the body, taking part in creating its energy balance. Recently, the level of thyroid gland diseases, which cause failures in its work, has grown significantly. Suffer from such diseases, mainly women, in whom there can be observed both an elevated and a lowered level of hormones. Both that, and another negatively influences a condition of an organism. Most often, there is an inadequate amount of thyroid hormone produced, called "hypothyroidism" in medicine. One of its main causes is the lack of iodine in the body. With such a deficiency in patients with hypothyroidism there is a syndrome of chronic fatigue, there is a general decrease in tone, tearfulness, unmotivated depression, increased blood pressure, palpitations. They add headaches and strong hair loss. If such phenomena are present, you should contact the endocrinologist and conduct a thyroid examination, having passed the analysis to the level of hormones and making ultrasound. If you do not do it on time, the thyroid gland significantly increases, turning, eventually, into a goiter. He is treated with a regular intake of hormonal drugs, and in some cases - only by surgical intervention. At the initial stages, the treatment of hypothyroidism will consist only in the reception of iodine-containing drugs and in the periodic examination of the endocrinologist. Prevention of the disease is to balance the diet, which should include iodized salt and foods that contain a lot of iodine. This is the Bulgarian pepper, seafood, beans, persimmon, grapes, soy. A large amount of iodine is in cod and beef meat. But the use of white cabbage, on the contrary, should be limited - it prevents the normal absorption of iodine by the body. For normal operation of our thyroid gland, not only iodine is needed, but also copper, manganese and cobalt. These microelements are many in the composition of gooseberries, blueberries, dogrose, sesame, in nuts. Especially important are all of the above products for pregnant women, in whom the thyroid gland should provide hormones for both the expectant mother and her baby. Consequently, their need for iodine is doubled. As for iodine-containing drugs, they should be selected only after consultation with a specialist. Because the overabundance of iodine in the mother's body can become an obstacle to the normal development of the fetus.