The appearance of a diffenbahia in the house is alwaysis accompanied by a mass of not very pleasant signs. What they do not say about the poor plant: it takes away the power of the male plant and even survives the representatives of the stronger sex, and you can not put it in the bedroom, because you can not see the heirs then (apparently because the man and the diffenbachia are incompatible). It is rather difficult to say where it comes from so many prejudices. So let's look at all the nuances together and find out whether the diffenbachia is really harmful and how poisonous it is.
General information about diffenbachia
This flower came to us from the humid tropics -forests of Central and South America. It belongs to the genus of perennial herbs of the Aroids family. Most of the species are decorative and very popular among indoor plant lovers. Blossoms this bush is rare, and its flowers are not very beautiful. There are such types of diffenbachia, which grow up to two meters in height, and the size of the sheet can reach half a meter in length. True in the home, this plant most often dumps the lower leaves and turns into a very plain tree. In order for this to happen, you must periodically update it. Dieffenbachia is quite fast and happy with new leaves almost every week. Usually from the already expanded sheet you can immediately see the tip of the next. The color of the leaves can be variegated or just green. The most popular were two species: spotted diffenbachia and a striped one. They served as the ancestors of many hybrids with a variety of sizes of leaves and patterns on them. The point of growth of the plant is always located at the top of the stem. There are such varieties of dienenbach that have dormant buds at the base of the stem, with the awakening of such buds the flower begins to be bush. If a tall specimen is not updated in time, it will grow as long as the support allows, and then the trunk tilts and lies horizontally. The top in this case will still tend to upward, until it falls due to its own weight. In the tropics in the prone position, the diffenbachia touches the moist moss and lets the roots out, giving life to new plants. To break a flower is not difficult - its stem is very fragile. But it is also easy to root the broken apex or any other part of the plant.
Flowering diffenbachia: is it harmful to man?
At home, the witness of floweringIt is practically impossible to become a diffenbahia. But this does not mean that this plant does not bloom: under favorable conditions, the release of buds occurs every summer. Externally, the flower looks rather unattractive - an ear with small yellow-white flowers and a veil of gray-green color. Neither the fleshy ears, nor the ripening fruit after flowering, represent absolutely no decorative value. And given that during the formation of cobs and fruits the plant is weakened, it can begin to discard the leaves. Experienced gardeners recommend to remove the buds at the stage of formation of inflorescences. The reasons for suspecting that during this period a flower can harm a person is definitely not.
Dieffenbachia in the house: a description of the properties of the plant
As it turned out, the appearance in the apartments of the diffenbahyis due not only to the desire to decorate the interior. These plants have a lot of advantages, although little is known about them. People often recall that diffenbachia is harmful and poisonous than its beneficial properties. Let's consider the advantages of this flower in more detail.
- The presence of diffenbachia in the house makes it possible to improve the chemical composition of the air. This is due to its ability to absorb and neutralize various toxic substances;
- Also, diffenbachia have phytoncidal properties, which can significantly reduce the number of pathogenic microbes in the air, for example, staphylococci;
- Wherever the diffenbachia grows, allconditions for increasing humidity, thereby reducing the amount of dust in the room. This not only improves the ecological situation, but also brings relief to people suffering from allergies.
And yet it is poisonous
However, there is one factor that preventsflower. The disadvantage of diffenbahia is that the leaves and stems of the plant contain alkaloids which, if ingested, can cause an allergic reaction in the form of edema and irritation. That is characteristic, at contact to juice of a plant, reaction occurs not at once, and after any time. There is even a version according to which in Brazil the diffenbahia was used to punish slaves: the offender was forced to eat a piece of a plant leaf. As a rule, after that, the unfortunate person experienced a severe swelling of the larynx and mucous membrane of the mouth, he could not talk for a while. This method of punishment was called "dumb birch". And yet it is categorically asserting that harm from diffenbahia does not allow to grow it at home is impossible. Of course, if there are small children in the house who simply love everything to taste, you should be more careful and take the plant away as far as possible. Of course, in kindergartens it is better not to grow dienenbachia, but to give preference to safer plants. In other cases, the harm from this plant is too exaggerated, but the flower can do a good job. The most important thing is to observe the elementary safety rules when pruning and transplanting the plant and to prevent the dienenbachia juice from entering the mucous membrane. After the transplant, you should wash your hands with soap and, when caring for the plant, it is advisable to use rubber gloves. So, we conclude that the use of diffenbachia is undoubtedly underestimated, and the damage is clearly exaggerated. This flower can be kept in apartments, houses, offices, production shops, where it perfectly complements and decorates the interior. Care of the plant is absolutely not complicated, therefore it is possible to become the owner of a chic bush with beautiful leaves in the shortest possible time. The plant will purify the air in the room from harmful impurities and pathogens. And this, you must agree, is a serious dignity. Especially if we take into account the ecological situation in our cities. So boldly buy a plant and put it on the most prominent place in the house. The main thing - try to observe precautions during transplantation and keep the flower out of reach of children. In this case, the diffenbachia will not give you any trouble!