The fact that newborn babies are very commonface such an unpleasant disease as dacryocystitis, almost all mothers have heard. However, only one can answer the question exactly what is dacryocystitis. This article describes in detail, what is the essence of dacryocystitis of the newborn, its symptoms and treatment. With the normal functioning of the eye, the development of tear fluid occurs continuously. A tear is needed to wet the eyeball, to create a special antibacterial film that contains special antibodies that prevent the penetration of infectious agents into the eyes. Under the upper eyelid, from the outside, there is a tear gland, which produces a tear fluid. In the inner part of the eye, tear fluid accumulates, after which it flows into the tear ducts. Lacrimal canals two - from the upper and lower sides of the century. Through the lower canal flows about 90% of the entire tear fluid.
What happens with dacryocystitis?
In the event that a child suffers fromdacryocystitis of newborns, the following occurs. Normally, all the tear ducts needed to drain tear fluid, are easily passable. However, it often happens that in the lumen of these channels there are particles of embryonic tissues. These tissues interfere with the normal process of outflow of tear fluid from the lacrimal sac. As a result, the tear in the eye begins to stagnate, which means that it stops performing its protective functions. As a result, pathogenic microorganisms penetrate into the eye slit, and purulent inflammation begins. Newborn dacryocystitis has the following symptoms:
Diagnosis and treatment of dacryocystitis
Most often the parents at the first manifestationsdiseases begin to treat it at home: rinse eyes with tea or decoction of chamomile, instill eye antibacterial drops. Such self-treatment can ease the course of the disease or even completely eliminate the secretion of pus. However, immediately after the treatment is discontinued, all symptoms return quickly, often in an even more pronounced form. And this is due to the fact that the main cause of the disease - stagnant tear fluid - has not been eliminated. The eyes of the crumbs again get pathogenic microorganisms, and everything repeats again. In order to completely eliminate the dacryocystitis of newborns, the competent treatment of a pediatric ophthalmologist is necessary. In some children suffering from dacryocystitis, a cork that closes a lacrimal canal dissolves on its own about the 14th day of life. Inflammatory process disappears without leaving behind any negative consequences. However, unfortunately, this does not always happen. If the doctor diagnosed a newborn baby with dacryocystitis, the treatment will include two main steps:
- Massage for newborn dacryocystitis
Massage of the lacrimal sac is able to give a verya good result. As already mentioned, the lacrimal sac is located at the inner edge of the upper eyelid. Massage should be done after each feeding, except at night. How to do this massage, you should show the doctor - an ophthalmologist. How correctly you manage to do massage, you can judge by the amount of purulent discharge. The more it is allocated, the more effective the massage. Massage is more effective the younger the child. In no case is it inadmissible to ignore the massage, since it is a rather important stage in the treatment of dacryocystitis. Massage is aimed at increasing the patency of the lacrimal canal. Simultaneously with massage it is necessary to remove purulent discharge. The best solution for this purpose is a solution of furacilin. You can buy it already ready or cook yourself, dissolving one tablet of furacilin in a glass of warm boiled water. Both eyes need to be wiped, even if only one is hit. For each eye, it is necessary to use separate sterile cotton swabs. To wipe a glazier it is necessary in a direction from a temple to a nose. After all pus is removed, the affected eye must be dripped with an antibiotic solution. Most often, doctors for this purpose prescribe levomitsetin 0.25%. As a rule, after about two weeks of such treatment, there comes an improvement.
- Probing of lacrimal canals
In the same case, if the above-describedconservative treatment does not bring the expected result, the doctor - ophthalmologist makes a decision to conduct lavage of lacrimal canals. It is made as follows: under local anesthesia, the doctor inserts a special probe into the lacrimal canal, by means of which the antiseptic solution is rinsed. Such a procedure is guaranteed to lead to a complete cure of the child from dacryocystitis. Many parents are afraid of such a procedure, believing that it can cause harm to the child. However, the child, as a rule, tolerates this procedure quite easily. Local anesthesia is enough to ensure that the child does not feel pain. After the procedure, antibacterial therapy is prescribed. The main condition for the successful cure of newborn dacryocystitis is strict adherence to all indications and recommendations of the treating doctor. And healthy eyes to your baby will be guaranteed! We advise you to read: