According to statistics, the symptoms of cystitis are noted inyourself at least once in a woman's life. How to recognize true cystitis, why does this disease occur - and how is it treated? Cystitis is one of the most common diseases of the genitourinary tract, characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder. This affliction affects the representatives of both sexes, but especially it affects girls and women of childbearing age. In the absence of pregnancy and concomitant pathologies of the urinary tract, cystitis in women is considered uncomplicated, but even in this case, treatment of the disease is definitely a compulsory exercise.
The main causes of female cystitis
A direct prerequisite for the occurrence of cystitis can be the penetration into the genitourinary system of a woman of various types of mycoplasma or ureaplasma infections:
- E. coli (E .coli): found in patients in 70-95% of cases.
- Staphylococcus (Staphylococcus saprophyticus): is detected in 5-20% of women with cystitis.
- In other cases, cystitis is most often caused by less common Klebsiella bacteria (Klebsiella) and Proteus (Proteus mirabilis).
In addition to pathogenic bacteria, cystitis can also be caused by fungal microflora: Trichomonas, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Candida fungi pr.
Symptomatology of Cystitis in Women
Typical symptoms of cystitis are frequent and painfulurination, usually accompanied by sensations of rezi and burning in the urethra. There may be a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen and a feeling of bladder under-emptiness. Often, patients experience an increase in body temperature to 37.5 ° C. Urine in cystitis, as a rule, becomes turbid; it may contain an admixture of blood, indicating the onset of the development of complications. If you find the above symptoms, the patient should immediately consult a doctor. The launched disease is able to acquire a chronic form, much more difficult to treat.
Treatment of cystitis
The primary goal of therapy with cystitis -Destruction of pathogenic microorganisms that provoked inflammation. For these purposes, special antibiotics (ofloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, etc.) are used. Treatment of cystitis also includes mandatory procedures for physiotherapy: inductothermia, phonophoresis, UHF, etc.