Like any other disease, cystitis cancause discomfort and unpleasant pain that can overshadow our life. Especially if you have a sharp form, accompanied by urination with blood. In this case, the problem requires in the literal sense an immediate solution, since the consequences can be extremely detrimental. However, before contacting a specialist in this matter, it would be useful to try to understand the root causes of this disease and the ways of its treatment. Perhaps a few tips and recommendations will be useful on the path to a healthy and happy life without cystitis.
A few words about the nature of the disease
It should be noted that the disease of whichspeech, in most cases is infectious. In other words, if you do not take up her treatment in time, the problem will progress and go into a more complex form with very different consequences. However, in some cases, the fair sex (and this disease is more common in women) learn about cystitis after using some medications. The same effect can arise after using certain means of intimate hygiene, for example, gels, sprays, oils, etc. However, it can not be said that so-called auxiliary medications are the main reason why cystitis may occur. After all, each person's body has its own characteristics and its unique genetic material, and therefore the reaction to medications in different people can also be different. In this case, what unites people suffering from this disease, if the reasons for its occurrence are of a different nature? The answer to this question lies in the factor of inflammation of the bladder. This problem is faced by all who turn to specialists, trying to treat the poisonous existence of cystitis. This also applies to acute forms of the disease, such as when there is blood in the urine. In this case, any specialist will determine that the bladder membrane has certain damages that can be caused, as mentioned earlier, by taking medications. And this means that the treatment of this problem requires a complete examination, taking into account the characteristics of a particular organism for identifying the most pernicious factor.
Hemorrhagic cystitis as an acute form of the disease
Previously it was said that cystitis can havedifferent forms that determine the degree of damage to the genitourinary system. So, this disease can be infectious and non-infectious, primary and secondary, chronic and acute. This classification is conditional, since only taking into account the characteristics of the female body, the specialist to whom you apply can more accurately determine the form of your disease. However, when it comes to cystitis, in which urine is present in the urine, most specialists classify it as a hemorrhagic acute form requiring special attention. I must say that in this case, the indicators of medical statistics are somewhat contradictory, since they indicate that hemorrhagic cystitis is mostly typical of men, whereas the disease as a whole is, according to the same data, more feminine. However, it should be clarified that the hemorrhagic form with the pathology of urine (blood splotches) is more common in elderly men who are at risk for prostate cancer. However, practice shows that statistics is not always the main indicator, which means that a disease (in our case, hemorrhagic cystitis) can occur equally in men and women. In a word, regardless of gender, careful intimate hygiene should be followed, since violation of such rules is one of the key causes of hemorrhagic cystitis. It is due to the development of the bacterial environment that the infection enters the bladder cavity, gradually spreads there and subsequently causes inflammation of a different nature. Therefore, the hemorrhagic form has an infectious character.
How does blood get into the urine?
Approximately figuring out the typology of the studiedform of cystitis, you need to determine how the blood gets into the urine. Determining the cause of this problem will help in its further solution. By the way, hemorrhagic cystitis does not always mean that blood blotches will constantly be present in the urine, you can observe their appearance from time to time. Moreover, you may not always feel severe pain, but the process of urination, as a rule, is difficult due to the presence of blood in the urine. There is a simple explanation for this: the blood clots play the role of blood clots, passing through the urethra, as a result of which the excretion of urine is complicated. As a rule, with acute form of cystitis (only in this case the disease can be hemorrhagic) urine is stained with blood completely, and this process does not stop throughout the disease. However, there are cases when the blood is released immediately at the end of urination, if the hemorrhagic cystitis has a lighter and less neglected form. And if you do not delay the trip to a specialist, the treatment of this form of the disease will be easier and faster. Earlier it was said that the main reason for finding blood in the urine may be damage to the bladder membrane. In extremely neglected cases, the lesions can be ulcerative, and in this case the treatment will be long and painful. However, now we are talking about the standard form of cystitis, in which there is a violation of the epithelium of the bladder, damage to the blood vessels, which leads to the appearance of bloody inclusions in the urine. But the causes of damage to the bladder can be different factors, the predominant among which are infectious agents (whose viral origin is characterized by hemorrhagic cystitis).
Bacterial pathogens as the main cause of urine with blood
Speaking of cystitis, its viral natureflow should be considered not least. Thus, medical statistics say that among the most "popular" bacterial peddlers of hemorrhagic cystitis, the leading position is occupied by E. coli. For the sake of justice it is worth noting that this viral causative agent can not be unambiguously classified as pathogenic. The fact is that the main place of localization of Escherichia coli is the human intestine. It has its mission there, because its work results in faster digestion of food. And quite differently the situation is the case when the E. coli is in the urine. Then it undergoes rapid multiplication, settles on the mucosa of the bladder and to a certain extent causes damage to its epithelium. As a result of this, as mentioned earlier, the blood also enters the urine. And the treatment of this problem will directly depend on the extent and amount of damage to the bladder membrane.
The reasons for the development of hematuria
However, E. coli and other bacteria,creating a beneficial environment for the development of a bladder infection, are not the only cause of hematuria (this is how the factor of the presence of blood in the urine is called in professional medical language). Indeed, for today, cystitis is a fairly common disease both among the female half of society, and among the male part of it. Moreover, to catch such a "contagion" to date, even children (mostly girls, and already in early adolescence) can. And this means that it's time to consider the full list of causes and factors that can contribute to the development of hemorrhagic cystitis.
- The first and most important factor is damagemucous membrane of the bladder, caused by bacterial (E. coli, fungi, etc.) character, the use of various medications and the use of hygiene. As described earlier, this factor can be regarded as a trigger trigger, contributing to complications of varying degrees in hemorrhagic cystitis.
- Hematuria can also be caused byunprofessional approach in gynecological and urological consultations, when the material is taken for analysis (smear), the introduction of catheters and other medical instruments.
- Also one of the main reasons, as a resultwhich develops cystitis and hematuria as one of its forms, is the weakening of the immune system, which can be caused by the improper functioning of the thyroid gland and malfunctions in the metabolic processes of the organism, respectively.
- Lack of proper intimate hygiene, whichentails the mandatory appearance of an infection that develops in the urine and gradually reaches the cavity of the bladder (contributes to damage to its shell).
- Certain periods of sexual development in women, such as the period of pregnancy, the postpartum period and menopause.
- Another important reason for the appearance of blood in the urine -long and frequent abstinence from emptying the bladder. It's not for nothing that doctors always warn their patients that going against nature and long refraining from the need to go to the toilet is extremely harmful. The fact is that in the overcrowded state, in which the bladder is located during abstinence, its muscle fibers are excessively stretched, which leads to a violation of blood circulation in the walls.
How to cure hemorrhagic cystitis?
Despite the rather serious consequences,which can cause hemorrhagic cystitis in an acute form, it can and should be treated, the main thing is not to bring the disease to a serious stage, when only surgical intervention will help. And it is also important to understand that any treatment is a set of measures aimed at complete recovery of the body. So, returning to the nature of cystitis, that is, its infectious (as a rule) origin, it should be noted that it is treated quite often simply with antibacterial drugs. However, when taking antibiotics, careful consultation in a medical institution is always required, so that the components of the drug do not harm other organs and functions of the body (after all, none of us would wish to cure cystitis by harming other systems). In addition, in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis, one must necessarily observe the appropriate diet and drinking regimen, as well as take vitamin and, possibly, anti-inflammatory complexes. This should be aimed, first of all, at improving the patient's immune system. Also, physiotherapy, abstinence from sexual intercourse for the period of treatment and a healthy lifestyle in general, that is, the absence of harmful habits (alcohol and tobacco consumption), healthy sleep and avoidance of stressful situations are supposed. In case of severe and neglected forms, a catheter is placed in the patient, in order to avoid the occurrence of a large number of blood clots in the urine, and a dropper for washing the bladder. It is worth noting that in the case of hemorrhagic cystitis, heating of the pelvic region is undesirable, although with ordinary cystitis this method, as a rule, allows to relieve painful sensations. The fact is that from the warming of the blood vessels, the blood can begin to flow into the urethra, on the contrary, with greater force. It is also important to remember that this disease has a recurring nature, that is, with incomplete treatment may reappear after a certain period of time. Therefore, in order to detect infection in the urine or to identify other harmful factors, you should undergo a full examination every six months. To give time to it, in fact, is not so difficult, because any disease is easier to treat at the initial stages. Remember that God protects the benign, and pay as much attention to your health!