According to studies conducted by scientists, varioustypes of computer dependency affects up to 15% of users of personal computers and the Internet in the world. And in such countries as North Korea and China, the problem of computer dependence is so great that it is taken under the control of the government as having state significance. And the conclusions of scientists on the further development of human dependence on the computer are disappointing: an increasing number of teenagers and young people under the age of 30 spend on the Internet, in social networks and chats or behind computer games more than 5-7 hours a day, to the computer in recent times more and more often reaches the age of the planet. People become slaves to modern technology, which provides them with a connection with the outside world. How to avoid computer addiction? How to protect her family from danger? To do this, one must first of all know the causes of this disease (and this is a psychological disease that disrupts a person's connection with the real world and society). It is not for nothing that it says: warned - means armed.
How is the dependence formed?
The roots of the formation of computer dependency are the samemost, as with other types of dependence. In the human brain there is a pleasure center, and if it is constantly stimulated, the person ceases to think about everything else, except how to have fun. Scientists who conducted experiments to stimulate the pleasure center in the brain of rats noticed that these animals refused food and water for pleasure and eventually died from exhaustion. Approximately the same thing happens with the person: the dependence is formed gradually, capturing it more and more. And if the gambler or segothic is restricted in access to the computer for more than 2 hours, he begins to "break": irritability, increased excitability or, conversely, depression, they even begin to experience a physical malaise. Typically, there are 2 main types of computer dependence:
- sektogolizm, or dependence on the Internet;
- cyberradication, or dependence on computer games.
Network Tolerance Nestguns are people who are inInternet from 12 to 16 hours a day. They download music there, chat in chat rooms and on forums, start virtual acquaintances and even play virtual weddings. All life is concentrated for them in the world wide web: they have no time to do household chores, even to eat sometimes do not have enough time, there is no time to watch their appearance, so they often look slovenly and untidy. These are the true signs of septaliki, like the tired out look and pallor of insomnia. Other pronounced signs of setegolics are the following:
- the desire to constantly check your mail;
- increase the time spent in the network;
- waiting for the next session on-line.
Cyberradition Cyberdiction can be of two types, depending on the type of games to which a person has a predilection:
- dependence on non-role computer games (arcades,puzzles, games for quick reaction, roulette, card games), when a person enjoys the fact that he passed the game or scored the most points;
- dependence on role-playing games (when a person plays for a character). In this case, it completely disappears into virtual reality, losing its connection with real life.
Signs of computer dependence
It is easy to determine that a person begins a computer addiction, knowing its main features:
- the inability to plan the time of work or play at the computer and the reluctance to get out of it;
- manifestation of irritation or even aggression, if you tear the patient from the computer;
- improvement of mood from anticipation of work at the computer;
- neglect of household chores and duties in favor of the computer;
- switching communication to talk about computer games or computer topics;
- neglect of personal hygiene due to employment at the computer;
- refusal to meet with friends and visit sports sections or any clubs, entertainment events for the sake of spending time at the computer.
Physical signs of computer dependence Physical signs of computer dependence, as a rule, arise when a person spends a lot of time at the computer. These include:
- deterioration of vision;
- dry eye syndrome;
- display syndrome;
- violation of posture;
- disorders of the digestive system;
- decreased immunity;
- tunnel syndrome (pain in the wrist).
Diagnosis of computer dependence
Computer addiction is mentaldisease. And, as with most diseases of this kind, it is the people around who notice changes in the behavior and nature of the sick person. But to convince a person of his computer addiction is almost impossible, just as one can not convince a drunkard that he is an alcoholic. He always says that at any time he can stop playing and disappear on the Internet. Acting with force and prohibitions is also useless: in return you will get aggression, irritation and deception. It is best to diagnose a professional therapist under the pretext of a psychological test or professional orientation.
The impact of computer addiction on humans
The most negative is this dependenceon such social qualities of a person as friendliness, desire for communication, openness, compassion. In the case of computer dependence, the deterioration of the person's social connections and the so-called social disadaptation of a person are manifested. The degradation of social ties in this case develops due to the displacement of the objective reality of the virtual, created with the help of a computer. Against the background of disadaptation and departure to the virtual reality world, excessive cruelty, aggressiveness and other forms of antisocial behavior often appear. A person who suffers from computer addiction pays less attention to the performance of various social functions and work. This, in turn, often causes serious problems in the professional sphere and in family life. The untidy and neglected appearance and obvious alienation of the "computer people" from reality make them unattractive for other members of society, and this intensifies the conflict between society and a person who suffers from computer addiction.
The possibility of treating computer addiction
Cure a person from computer addictionvery difficult. For this, coordinated work of specialists in various fields of medicine is necessary. Of course, social re-adaptation of the patient plays a major role in the treatment of computer addiction, which can be properly organized only by qualified psychologists and psychotherapists. Psychotherapy is the main method of treating various kinds of addictions. The goal of psychotherapy is to eliminate the psychological conflict (which exists in almost all cases), which served as the basis for the emergence of computer dependence, and the social reintegration of the patient. The treatment sessions are conducted by specialist doctors in special offices or at home. To conduct effective treatment, the consent of the patient to the sessions and the patient's desire to cooperate with the doctor is necessary. Psychotherapy, conducted against the will of the patient, will not have any positive effect and, most likely, will only exacerbate the problem. In the process of psychotherapeutic treatment, a psychotherapist helps the patient to understand the pathological basis of his attachment to the computer, the Internet or games. The main goal of the doctor is to awaken a healthy critical attitude of the patient to his pathological predilection and eliminate the guilt feeling for the occurrence of this predilection. Social readaptation of the patient provides an explanation of the causes of the patient's communication with the society and taking measures to eliminate these causes. If psychotherapeutic treatment does not give the expected results or there is no possibility to carry it out, hypnosis can be used to treat computer dependence. Supplementing psychotherapy can be the use of various medications, which, in addition, will help to consolidate the results. For the treatment of various kinds of addictions, including computer, various drugs of alternative medicine are successfully used. The main function of these drugs is the ability to eliminate metabolic disorders in the body and restore balance between different body systems. Herbal preparations can be successfully used in the treatment of computer addiction. These include, for example, the extract of ginseng, preparations of rhodiola rosea, oregano, which contribute to a decrease in the excitability of the nervous system and have a stimulating effect on the work of the brain. With the intake of herbal preparations, sleep normalizes, self-esteem rises and interest in social problems arises in the patient. In addition, some of the herbal preparations possess immunostimulating and adaptogenic action, do better the work of internal organs. However, it should be remembered that the administration of any medications must be coordinated with the doctor and conducted under the supervision of the treating doctor.
Tips for parents to avoid the development of computer addiction in children
The cause of computer dependence inadolescents and children often become self-doubt, dissatisfaction with communication with peers and lack of opportunity for self-expression. In such situations, parents need to support the child and participate, help him deal with the problems that have arisen. Criticizing a child who spends too much time at the computer is strictly forbidden. This can only exacerbate the problem and alienate the child from the parents, make him shut up in his inner world. If the child suffers with game envy, try to understand it and to some extent support his interest in computer games. This will not only make you closer to the child, but also increase his confidence, and the child will more readily follow the advice of the parents and share their experiences with them. Criticism is felt by the child as the unwillingness of parents to understand his interests and therefore causes isolation, in some cases even aggression. Correct education of the child is the main measure of preventing the emergence of dependencies of any type in children. It is important not to use a categorical system of prohibitions, for example, on certain games, but to explain why this or that hobby or occupation for the child is undesirable. Psychologists recommend restricting children's access to games and films that are based on violence. But if the child still faced such information, you should try to explain in an accessible form to him why this information is dangerous for him and why he should not seek to know it. A categorical ban, without any explanation, will only increase the child's interest in prohibiting information, and the existence of a ban will become an obstacle that makes it impossible to discuss the problem that has arisen for the child with his parents. Children and adolescents are in dire need of self-expression. And often because of the lack of other means to express their thoughts and realize their needs for communication or leadership, they use computer and computer games that create the illusion of limitless possibilities and reality, in which they are not responsible for the committed antisocial actions and deeds. Such an illusion destroys the child's psyche and breaks his connection with peers and parents. In order to avoid the emergence of an irresistible attachment of the child to the computer, you need to diversify the range of his interests and activities as much as possible. Communicate more often with your child, go hiking with him, go to the theater, write it down in a sports section or in a circle, find a hobby that will interest both you and him, and then your child will cherish the communication with you more, than a computer.