With the onset of frost in some people, the skin onface after the exit on the street is covered with a rash, spots, flakes, sometimes with itching, there may be blisters. In the warmth, these troubles pass, but again appear when the next exit to the cold. This phenomenon is called cold allergy. The name is not entirely correct, since the mechanisms of development of this trouble differ from the ordinary allergic reaction. Therefore, cold allergy belongs to the group of pseudoallergies, since it does not have an allergen per se. Instead, it is a physical factor, namely cold, which causes such unaesthetic and unpleasant reaction of the organism. Often an aggravating factor is the frosty wind.
What are the reasons for the appearance of a negative reaction?
The nature of a sharp reaction of the body to the impactcold is still not known to the end, and medicine does not have generally accepted criteria for setting such a diagnosis. There is an opinion that tissues are locally cooled by exposure to cold air, with damage to the cell walls. As a result, the accumulation of specific proteins - cryoglobulins, which give rise to an allergic reaction, manifested by reddening of the skin, its dryness, pricking and itching. If you stay in the frost for a long time, you may have swelling and blisters, and in the worst case, swelling of the nasopharynx (Quincke's edema). But in a warm place a person's condition improves dramatically, although with a rapid change of temperature (from low to high), active evaporation from the surface of the skin of moisture occurs. As a result, the skin of the face (and brushes, if you did not protect them with gloves or mittens) becomes more sensitive and dry, begins to peel off, cracks appear on it. As a result, it turns out to be a desperate situation: in the cold, the skin suffers, and in the warmth it is not very good. It is believed that cold allergies can be caused by chronic foci of diseases (tonsillitis, caries), the use of certain medications (for example, antibiotics), but the genetic predisposition of such a reaction to the cold is not ruled out. Note that cold allergies can suffer not only the face, but also other areas of the body that are not covered by clothing (wrists, wrists, neck, etc.).
Who is most susceptible to cold allergy?
Like absolutely all diseases, a cold allergyhas its own "risk group", which most often suffers from this ailment. The most susceptible to a bad reaction to cold: Women. Yes, the weak sex here is really weaker compared to men. The fact is that ladies' skin is thinner than men's, and accordingly, it is more prone to unpleasant influence of physical factors. People who have a dry type of skin. This applies to both men and women. People with this type of skin have a lower production of sebaceous glands of sebum, which is a natural barrier against frost.
What symptoms will help to recognize the ailment?
Conditionally cold allergy can be divided, depending on the degree of manifestation, into two forms:
- Cold dermatitis - involves peeling, redness and itching of the skin.
- Cold urticaria is a more severe form of an allergic reaction, causing the appearance of itchy blisters similar to those that remain after a nettle burn.
Even with a slight drop in temperature,skin may show symptoms of allergies. They disappear after a few hours. Paradox, but for a completely healthy person who has never suffered from allergies, hives can develop. This disease in some cases can occur and at positive temperatures, but in the presence of strong wind and high humidity. The most sad is the fact that if the causative factor (unfavorable climate conditions) is maintained, the disease can develop.
We carry out the cold test
To check if you are prone to cold allergiesor not, you can conduct a simple test. Attach an ice cube to your hand for 5-8 minutes. If at this point the skin starts to itch, blush or it will be burned, therefore, you have a predisposition to this disease.
How to treat cold allergies
So, if walking in the winteryou on the skin appear red spots or other symptoms of the disease, which tend to aggravate, then the best solution to the problem will be a referral to an allergist. It must be clearly understood that a cold allergy is a deviation that does not require consultation of a dermatologist, but treatment with an allergist doctor, since he will not restore the old look of your cheeks, but will directly look for the cause of the ailment. The allergist should evaluate the reaction to the cold of your body and select the necessary treatment for you. There is a new unique treatment for allergic diseases - autolymphocytotherapy. This method is also effective in fighting cold allergies. The principle of the method lies in the eight-im injection under the skin with a two-day interval of immunocompetent cells - lymphocytes, which are isolated from the blood of the patient himself with cold dermatitis or cold urticaria. Treatment lasts from three to four weeks. This is an absolutely safe method, devoid of age-related contraindications. Such treatment of cold allergy gives a persistent clinical effect. But if you are constrained by circumstances that do not allow you to see a doctor, then, thanks to simple recommendations, you can protect yourself or your loved ones from cold allergy symptoms yourself.
How to treat the negative reaction to cold by yourself
It is necessary to minimize the effect of cold andwind on the body. In winter, use hoods, warm hats and scarves, warm gloves or mittens (preferably woolen or other natural materials). When freezing, do not rub your face on the frost with your hands - this is how you contribute to the microtraumatization of the capillaries. Instead, cover your face with your hands and breathe. Use of cosmetics Every evening before going to bed apply moisturizing nourishing cream on your face, and not later than half an hour before going outside, apply a thin layer of protective (but by no means moisturizing) cream to your face and hands (preferably on the basis of natural oils) - so you will partially protect your skin from the effects of cold. Blot excess cream with a napkin. Daily diet adjustments Your diet should contain products rich in omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids (these are seafood, various vegetable oils). Or, alternatively, take fish oil for three weeks, one capsule 1-2 times a day. Use of medicines. If allergy symptoms (edema, infiltrates, pruritus) are expressed, you should start taking antihistamines, following the instructions. Treatment with antihistamines take 10 days or when symptoms appear.
Recommendations for every day
Soap when washing, replace with cleansing milk(because the soap dries the skin) and do not use alcohol-containing tonics, as they aggravate the symptoms of the disease and slow its treatment. Be careful that the air in your home is not very dry. It is also necessary to refrain from visiting the sauna, bath and pool during the frost. If these recommendations are ineffective or you become worse (there was a swelling of the throat, making it difficult to breathe), urgently seek help from an allergist and go through the treatment prescribed by him.
Prevention of cold allergies
Everybody knows that the best wayprevention of diseases associated with impaired immunity, is hardening. Cold allergy in this case is no exception. If you have cold allergy symptoms in the cold, you are recommended: Contrast rinsing of the face. It should be done 1,5-2 hours before bedtime, alternating with cool and warm water. Do not go to extremes (use hot and cold water as a contrast). Contrasting baths for hands. First, hold your hands in cool (but not cold!) Water for 30 seconds, then dip them in warm (and not hot!) Water until warm. Repeat this way two or three times, ending with cool water. When the hands begin to get used to warm and cool water, gradually change the temperature of the water, leading to a warm to hot, and cool - to a temperature of +10 ͦ C. To begin such procedures is better not in winter, but in the warm season. And remember: it is always better to prevent illnesses and not treat them.