claustrophobia Even literally two hundred years ago, mankindalmost nothing knew about mental disorders. About people suffering with them, they said that they were not of this world, and isolated. But their percentage was much lower than the current one. What is the matter here? The modern rhythm of life is connected with such wild information overloads that the nervous system simply does not withstand this pressure. And the person begins to observe strange and borderline things, for example, fear of people or claustrophobia. In general, all sorts of obsessive fears are a scourge of modern man, almost the same as depression. It's all about the complexity of the surrounding space and its multidimensionality. In this article, we will consider one of the varieties of such conditions: the causes, symptoms and treatment of claustrophobia - read more about all this.

Symptoms of claustrophobia

In general, what is claustrophobia? In everyday life, this term is commonly called fear of enclosed space. But everything, unfortunately, is not so simple. Claustrophobia manifests itself not only in the impossibility of being in small rooms, but also in large clusters of people. This indicates that the suffering person is pathologically concerned with breaking the boundaries of the personal space. What symptoms signal us about this phobia?

  • Autonomic sensations. Like any other phobia, claustrophobia has very specific bodily symptoms, manifested as seizures. At this moment, a person gets more breathing and pulse, sweating increases, nausea and dizziness may appear.
  • Fear. All the above mentioned signs refer to the manifestations of this particular emotion. In the core of any phobia, fear is key, and claustrophobia is no exception. In some cases, a person is clearly aware of exactly what he is afraid of - for example, suffocating, fainting or not getting out of the room - and in some it's just a general feeling of intense anxiety that prevents a person from living.
  • Avoidance of enclosed space. This is manifested in everything unwillingness to be in the narrow rooms, elevators, corridors, where so many people that the human body turn into pushing from all sides of the wall. Suffering from this disease in every way a person will avoid such situations: walking up the stairs, leave the door open and rarely appear in the crowded areas. Some people believe that only this can be an answer to the question of how to get rid of claustrophobia.

what is claustrophobia

Causes of claustrophobia

Like all pathological fears, claustrophobiahas its own reasons. True, scientists are still arguing about them, which does not allow to make a qualitative breakthrough in the treatment of claustrophobia. Everything depends on the initial position of the researcher. For example, doctors and psychophysiologists believe that the disorder, as always, is caused by disturbances in the work of the nervous system. In particular, it is a reduced tonsil - a part of the brain that is responsible for the reaction of fear and subsequent actions. Psychogenetics have a slightly different view of this problem. It seems to them that a person inherently carries all phobias - this is embedded in the genetic code and promotes survival, the realization of the instinct of self-preservation. Now most of them are no longer needed by man, because many objects of fear simply disappeared from our lives. However, evolution is a very slow process, and atavisms do not disappear as quickly as we would like. And, of course, there are gentlemen of psychologists who have their own theory on this, or rather a few. In particular, there is an opinion that the whole fault is the personal space. Each of us has it, but has a different size, and the more this distance, the higher the likelihood of an attack of claustrophobia. In addition, psychologists from the University of Emory found that people who are experiencing this problem give their personal space much more than others. True, it is unclear what is primary here - an egg or a chicken. A major role in this process is attributed to psychological trauma. Judge for yourself, if a child has been in crowded places for a long time without parents and was afraid that he was abandoned, it is not surprising that in the future he will try to avoid a repetition of a similar situation. Also, if the baby does not know how to swim and suddenly finds himself in a deep pool, suffocates, this leaves a trace in his psyche for life. Not to mention the cases of violence or aggression in confined spaces, when there is a direct transfer of old circumstances to any other. claustrophobia treatment

Claustrophobic treatment

Any person suffering from this ailment,I want to understand how to get rid of claustrophobia forever. Otherwise, this is not life, when you are forced to build each step in accordance with your own pathology. Lack of normal opportunities for self-fulfillment, satisfaction of one's needs, feelings of inferiority-all these things make a person think about treating claustrophobia. If he is you, then you absolutely absolutely need to consult a therapist. This doctor will help to choose an adequate treatment scheme, combining both medicines and psychological help. Only in this way you can achieve a more or less high-quality standard of living. And we suggest that you complete the course of psychotherapy by observing our modest recommendations:

  • Find the source of fear. Of course, this is a task for your joint work with the therapist, but not to mention it is impossible. It is not enough just to know about what situation has started the painful process - it is also necessary to complete it, that is, to reduce the tension that it left in your soul.
  • Create a scheme to help you fightbouts. They are the ones most exhausted by claustrophobia. Psychologists advise at this time to replace the dark and negative image, which "covers" you, with a conscious pleasant memory or fantasy. Also, find at the eye level an object in order to focus on it and observe - it creates stability. You can remember some poem or the text of your favorite song.
  • Communicate more with people. Claustrophobia is a disorder that promotes self-isolation. Do not let this happen! Meet with friends and girlfriends - let your communication give you positive emotions. By the way, you can use the phone during the attack, dialing the number of a loved one and talking with him for at least a short time.
  • Start associating a closed space withsomething good. During an attack it is very difficult to do, but you can prepare beforehand. For example, for most people it can be associated with security - an enemy or evil spirits will not penetrate a closed room.
  • Well, do not test yourself and createsituations that provoke the onset of a new attack. Even if for some reason you can not completely get rid of this disease, you can find a balance and so "negotiate" with the disease so that it does not stop you from living and enjoying life. We advise you to read: