cirrhosis of the liver The liver is a vital organdigestive system. So, for example, if a person can still live without a gallbladder, then it is simply impossible without a liver. Unfortunately, the liver is a fairly vulnerable organ. Doctors know a fairly large number of diseases that can affect the liver. And one of such diseases is cirrhosis. It is about him and will be discussed below. What is this disease, how is it manifested and treated? Doctors describe cirrhosis as a progressive disease of the liver, most often having a chronic form of flow. With this disease, the following occurs: normal liver tissue is gradually replaced by a connective tissue. As a rule, such replacement of dead cells of the liver with connective tissue occurs at the late stage of advanced form of inflammation of the liver, or in some other diseases of internal organs. This newly formed connective tissue also absorbs healthy liver cells, tightly surrounding them. However, connective tissue can not assume the function of dead cells. As a result, healthy liver cells begin to multiply very, very intensively. Thus, the liver tries to restore lost functions. However, connective tissue grows no slower. As a result, healthy liver cells are a kind of islets on the surface of the affected tissue. This is how the normal structure of the liver is disturbed. And as a result of the fact that the liver stops functioning properly, hepatic failure develops.

Causes of liver cirrhosis

It goes without saying that cirrhosis is neverwill start to develop from scratch. For this there must be certain prerequisites. To the reasons that can trigger the development of cirrhosis, include:

  • Parasites localized in the liver.
  • Diseases affecting the bile excretory system, for example, cholecystitis.
  • Both acute and chronic liver diseases are of a viral origin, for example hepatitis B, C, D.
  • Lesions of the liver with alcohol or other toxic substances.
  • Liver involvement with drugs.
  • Such autoimmune liver diseases as biliary cirrhosis and autoimmune hepatitis.
  • Serious metabolic disorders, especially congenital.

Our readers should pay special attention toattention to the fact that these diseases can become factors provoking the development of liver cirrhosis, but not necessarily. As a rule, in order for the disease to still hit a person, a confluence of a number of certain circumstances is necessary.

Varieties of liver cirrhosis

Depending on how the cirrhosis proceedsliver, and also from what exactly causes it has been caused, doctors allocate some kinds of a cirrhosis of a liver. It is very important to correctly diagnose not only the disease itself, but also to establish what kind of disease it belongs to. Only in this case the doctor will be able to choose the right, suitable treatment, which will give certain results. So, the types of cirrhosis:

  • Primary biliary cirrhosis of the liver. With this disease, which is chronic, the liver undergoes continuous inflammatory processes affecting the bile ducts. As a result of such inflammatory processes there is a violation of the natural process of outflow of bile. In sick people, there are symptoms such as fever, jaundice, itching.
  • Alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver. Alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver occurs quite often in those people who abuse alcoholic beverages, especially of inadequate quality. Almost in all cases, the development of alcoholic liver cirrhosis occurs against the background of already existing in humans alcoholic hepatitis. A very distinctive feature of alcoholic cirrhosis is a significant improvement in the overall health of a person immediately after he refuses to drink alcohol.
  • Autoimmune cirrhosis of the liver. This type of cirrhosis of baking is nothing else than a consequence of disruption of the normal functioning of the immune system of a sick person. In such a case, human immunity, for some reason, perceives liver cells as foreign. And, of course, begins to actively destroy them.
  • cirrhosis treatment

    Symptoms of liver cirrhosis

    Cirrhosis of the liver never develops at lightning speed- its development takes an extremely long time. And quite a long time the disease is completely asymptomatic. And only at later stages of development the disease can manifest itself with the following symptoms:

    • A person feels very tired, his working capacity is greatly reduced, sleep is disturbed.
    • A person can almost completely lose his appetite, and accordingly, his body weight.
    • The human skin, mucous membranes and sclera can acquire a yellow shade.
    • Strong skin itching, especially bothering a sick person at night.
    • The palms of a sick person acquire a red tint due to an increased inflow of blood.
    • Redness of the palms - palmar surface of the hands have a pink color, due to increased blood flow to the skin of this area.

    Of course, this is not all signs of cirrhosisliver, but one of the very first. And you can not ignore them in any case. The faster a sick person turns to a doctor, the sooner the necessary treatment begins, and the more effective it will be.

    Stages of cirrhosis development

    It has already been mentioned above that cirrhosis does not appear abruptly. Therefore, it has several stages of development:

  • The first stage is the compensation stage. At this stage, the person does not have any external signs of liver cirrhosis. This is explained by the fact that the remaining liver cells work in a strengthened mode.
  • Stage of subcompensation. At this stage, the strength of the remaining healthy liver cells ends, so the liver is no longer able to function fully. The patient has the first symptoms of liver cirrhosis - a feeling of discomfort in the right upper quadrant, loss of appetite, weight loss.
  • The stage of decompensation. At this stage, the patient has hepatic insufficiency.
  • Treatment of cirrhosis of the liver

    Treatment of a person suffering from cirrhosis of the liver,must be built according to a strictly defined algorithm. Only with the correct observance of all these points is it possible to improve the condition of the sick person. Treatment of cirrhosis of the liver is as follows:

    • Elimination of the causes that led to the development of liver cirrhosis

    Before starting treatment directlythe cirrhosis of the liver, it is necessary to eliminate the causes that caused its development. So, for example, if a person develops alcoholic cirrhosis, he should completely stop using alcoholic beverages. If liver cirrhosis develops against the background of viral hepatitis, first of all it is necessary to treat precisely hepatitis. Well, if a person has an autoimmune cirrhosis of the liver, he should receive drugs that suppress the excessively active work of the immune system - immunosuppressants.

    • Diet for cirrhosis of the liver

    In order for the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver to besuccessful, it is very important for a sick person to radically revise his diet. Otherwise, if the patient does not strictly follow the diet, the treatment will not be of any use. A person suffering from cirrhosis of the liver should exclude alcohol and carbonated drinks from his diet, dishes from fatty varieties of meat and fish, smoked meat, any canned food. In addition, it is unacceptable to eat large amounts of tomatoes, onions, garlic, tomato juice and chocolate. Do not abuse salt and salt. Doctors - nutritionists recommend that such patients base their diet on such products as cereals, vegetable soups, boiled meat of low-fat varieties, crackers, green apples, fat-free sour-milk products. More details about the recommended diet you should tell your doctor.

    • Restoration of normal liver function

    In order for the liver to fulfill itsfunction, a person needs a very long and extremely difficult treatment. In each individual case, the physician will select the optimal treatment for the sick person that is suitable for him. It does not make sense to describe it, since a person who does not have medical education is unlikely to be able to understand the abundance of complex medical terms and names of medicines. I would like only once again to emphasize the special attention of our readers on the need for the first anxious signs to see a doctor as soon as possible. After all, the later it will be done, the heavier the treatment, and the less the chances for a person to recover. So, for example, in especially severe cases, a donor can only save a person by transplantation. We advise you to read: