Chlamydia is a venereal disease,which may be subject to men, women and even children. The causative agents of this disease are chlamydia, microorganisms of a combined nature (between bacteria and viruses). Chlamydia can cause damage to various organ systems, it depends on the strain. The most common form of the disease is urogenital chlamydia. In this case, the cause of the appearance of the disease is an unprotected sexual intercourse, since urogenital chlamydia is transmitted only through sexual intercourse. However, you should know that even a condom does not provide 100% protection when having sex with an infection carrier. Consider chlamydia, the reasons for its occurrence. Urogenital chlamydia is a dangerous disease, which is becoming increasingly common among sexually active men and women of different age categories. Every year chlamydia threatens the health of tens of millions of people, 40% of them are at risk of developing complications that can lead to problems with the functioning of the reproductive system, including infertility. This problem is especially important for women. Quite common are cases where chlamydia occurs against the background of other sexual infections. In this case, the patient is at once in danger. First, concomitant diseases contribute to a greater depletion of the body. Secondly, the diagnosis and treatment of chlamydia is difficult.
Pathogens of the disease
The emergence of chlamydia is a consequencelesions of cells of the body of men and women with chlamydia. These microorganisms are able to penetrate directly into the cells of the body, that is, behave like a virus. Chlamydia is resistant to antibacterial drugs, despite the fact that they are bacteria by their very nature. The causes of the entry of pathogens into the human body are numerous. But in any case, the disease may not manifest itself in any way. To date, medicine knows about 15 strains of chlamydia. And for them there can be different ways of infection. However, in any of the cases, after the pathogen enters the body, it goes into a latent form. After this, during the incubation period, which lasts about a month, the carrier presents a potential threat to its sexual partners. In this period they will be infected with a probability of 50%. Even after the expiration of the incubation period, the disease does not hurry to manifest itself. Often the symptoms are very weak or not manifest at all, so it is very important to diagnose the disease in time and to determine the causes. Women are more prone to infection with urogenital chlamydia.
Chlamydia: the causes of
Both in women and men, chlamydia candefeat various systems of organs. Therefore, there are several main ways of its transmission. Widespread in recent years has acquired urogenital chlamydia. Its causative agent is chlamydia trachomatis. This disease is transmitted exclusively through sexual contact. This is because chlamydia trachomatis is very sensitive to the external environment: this excludes the possibility of domestic infection. This strain of infection can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to a child during pregnancy through amniotic fluid or during passage through the birth canal. One of the possible strains of infection is Chlamydia pneumoniae. This strain is transmitted by airborne droplets and acts as a causative agent of respiratory diseases such as chlamydia bronchitis, acute respiratory diseases, tonsillitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis and even pneumonia. The emergence of diseases caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae can be affected only by those whose protective functions are weakened. That is, if you have good immunity, then such infection does not threaten you. The third of the ways of transmission of chlamydia can be contact transmission from animals. In this way only strains of Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia psittaci are transmitted. Such a method of infection is called zoonotic. Zoonotic path, as instilled, only those who directly contact animals are infected. Strains of chlamydia, transmitted in this way, are the causative agents of chlamydial ornithosis. Thus, there are several strains of such pathogens of various diseases, such as chlamydia. This causes different ways of transmission of pathogens, and various types of diseases, the causes of which they are. If you suspect that you have any of the diseases caused by chlamydia, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. If clamidiosis is not diagnosed in time, it can lead to complications. Especially dangerous is urogenital chlamydia. Its complications in women can lead to such consequences as:
- pain in the lower abdomen and in the lower back;
- painful urination;
- inflammatory processes in the uterus and appendages;
- violation of reproductive function, up to infertility.
Treatment of urogenital chlamydia in womenThe gynecologist is engaged, and at men - the urologist. Modern medicine knows various ways of diagnosing chlamydia: scraping from mucous membranes, blood tests and so on. The optimal way of diagnosis and treatment in each case can be determined only by a doctor. Do not be irresponsible to your health! Listen to the alarming signs of your body and do not self-medicate - this will save you from serious consequences.