Smart, healthy and successful child, who knows the answerto any question of adults is the dream of every loving mother. But what to do if your child is studying at school in one of the three at school, and you need to learn more than one hour to learn the quatrains? Do not raise panic and punish the student for his inattention and misses, it is necessary to develop his memory.
Seven Reasons for Bad Memory
- Extraneous stimuli
In fact, parents rarely think about how,in what conditions their children do their homework. A computer, a bright toy on the table, a TV set - all this distracts and does not allow to concentrate on the most important - lessons. Try to properly organize your child's workplace: a minimum of things, a maximum of space.
- Hunger or overeating
As soon as the student returns home, the first thingfeed him. By the way, you can not force a baby to sit down for lessons immediately after a meal, as a tired and full body needs to rest for at least an hour. Also, do not starve the child, even if the family is fasting, or you are trying to punish him, depriving him of lunch or dinner. After all, for the development and functioning of the brain, useful substances, trace elements and vitamins are needed, without which memory can not in principle be developed. Do not forget to control school meals, and every day ask the child what he was fed, how much he ate, whether he liked the dishes. In the future, you can either give money to buns, or make sandwiches, buy fruit, chocolate. Of course, a dry ration is not very useful, but it is naive to believe that an eight-year-old who has already grown up will buy the first, second and compote. Usually high school students are embarrassed to order a full-fledged dinner, and you are unlikely to be able to influence this situation. The schoolchild's diet should be as follows: for breakfast - porridge with a salad of vegetables, for lunch - borscht or soup, for dinner - mashed potatoes or pasta with meat. Every two hours it is recommended to give him yogurt, kefir, cottage cheese, fruit, vegetables, so that the stomach constantly works, and does not eat himself.
- Boring jobs
Even an adult person is hard to remember a boring,uninteresting information that can not be used in practice. In primary classes, it is recommended to perform lessons with the child, and everything should be done in a playful form. If you plant him at the table, and leave for business, then, most likely, after twenty or thirty minutes you will find the baby drawing in a notebook.
- Wrong Approach
You shout at him, so he rewrote in the hundredthonce a rule that can not remember? Perhaps your child has a phenomenal auditory memory and you should once read those ill-fated couple of lines, so that he learns everything in the teeth. But you are stubbornly forced to do things that will not help him, and be angry with him. Next time try to experiment: ask to repeat for you, and also tell him to read not only about himself, but also out loud. By the way, it is very useful from the very beginning to tell the child tales and put records with records. In this way, you develop imaginative thinking, which in the future will come in handy. But to include TV, so that the child does not interfere with doing household chores, it's not worth it.
- Lack of sleep
Bad, if the student is constantly sitting in the eveningsat the computer and goes to bed after ten or eleven hours. After all, the memory of both adults and children directly depends on the state they are in at the moment. Remember how difficult it is for you to work on Mondays after a fun weekend. The same thing happens with the baby's body. In case your child sleeps very anxiously, constantly turns around or can not go to sleep for a long time, you should consult a specialist. The case may be in increased anxiety, hyperactivity, this also happens because of problems in school and at home. By the way, that's why you should not eat before going to bed, read or look at horrors, find out the relationship with your husband (even with babies).
Of course, it's good when the child's day is painted onhours. In the morning - school, at lunch - training in a circle, in the evening - lessons. But such a regime can lead to rapid fatigue of the student, especially if such a burden is immediately given on an unprepared first-grader. Try to distribute everything evenly, do not write it down for dancing, and for chess, and for basketball. Let the baby choose what he likes most. Maximum - two or three classes per week, not more. And it is desirable that they were on weekdays, since on the weekend the child should definitely rest.
- Lack of diversity
Another point is the same type of tasks thatsoon bored. It is not necessary to force first to do written, and then oral tasks, try to dilute all this. Even if a schoolboy madly loves mathematics, he will not be interesting to him after twenty or thirty minutes. Therefore, it is so important to take small breaks and alternate the execution of lessons. But you do not need to grab for everything at once.
Exercises for development
In fact, a concrete way how to improvethe memory of the child, no, because it all depends on the features and abilities of your baby. But if the student is constantly engaged, to train him and together carry out special exercises, then in the future problems with remembering the rules and figures will not be. And vice versa, if you let things go by themselves, even a child prodigy with the inclinations of a genius in two or three years will become an ordinary average high school student. Auditory memory
- Remember the words
On a sheet of paper write in a column of ten quitenot related words, but so that the child does not see them. For example, a house, a horse, a wing, a car, a cat, a job, a store, a computer, a bed, an airplane. Read everything in order in a slow and calm voice so that he can remember, and ask him to repeat it. From the first time he will be able to remember no more than five words. Now advise him mentally about himself to make proposals or associate everything with surrounding objects. In the first case, he can come up with a story about the fact that a horse has settled in the house, which crushed the wing of the car. And so on in the same spirit. The second option is a little more complicated, but more effective. So, he should fantasize a little: the cat is like a statue that stands on a table, homework is not done yet, and the shop is visible from the window. This exercise will develop the associative memory, thinking and imagination of the child.
- Memorize sounds
Ask the child to close his eyes and knock ontable, while observing a certain rhythm. Your baby should repeat what he heard. The main thing is that the so-called melody should be simple and short. By the way, if he can reproduce sounds from the first time, then he has not a bad ear and he can do music. If you want, you can try to make noise with different objects (newspaper, book, ball, etc.), and the student will have to do the same manipulations in the same manner. Visual memory
- We arrange toys
Put ten items in front of your child(let it be cars, if you are engaged with a son, or dolls, if with a daughter). Give a minute for the baby to remember the location of each item, then ask him to leave the room. Change some items in places, then ask the child to arrange everything as it was. As in the previous case, teach him to associate things with the environment.
- Looking for differences
Remember how you used to look in children's magazinesDifferences in the pictures? It develops not only memory, but also logical thinking, attention to small details. Print two photos on the printer, adding several items on the computer with the help of special programs. Show first the original, so that the kid will remember what and how is located on the picture, then give him a modified version. If necessary, allow spying. And if at first he needs your tips, then in the future he will perfectly manage without your help. Tactile memory The next stage is the development of tactile memory, which unfortunately, in schools, and in kindergartens, and at home, for some reason in our country everyone forgets. In fact, it helps to get used to the world, to form a character and attitude to others. After all, just after we touch the hot pan, we begin to understand that next time the dishes from the plate should be taken only with the aid of a tack. The same thing happens with children who rarely realize why parents say no.
- What is in the box
Cut out from fabric, different in texture, according totwo identical squares. Best of all, if they are made of fur, leather, silk, flax, that is completely different to the touch. First, glue on the cardboard and sign the name, put the second in the box, in which to make a slot for hands. Ask your child to touch, for example, a mahr cloth and give her the opportunity to feel on the sample. At first the baby will find it difficult to find exactly the same piece without seeing it, but in the future, when you develop tactile memory, he will cope with the task in two counts.
Place in a box of different size and shapebuttons, then ask your child to get out from there, for example, the one that is on a thin stalk or with four, rather than two holes. The kid does not have to look at it, his task is to rely on his feelings. Olfactory memory Despite the fact that the olfactory memory is absolutely unnecessary for the schoolchild, it should also be developed in the primary grades, since it will be useful in the future for an adult and a formed person. In addition, the first-grader will be pleased to play in such exciting games, which involve all members of your family.
- Whose scent
So, put in front of the child all available inhouse bottles with spirits, then ask to determine which one belongs to you, and which one - to the father, grandfather, grandmother and other relatives. To keep the baby from spilling the contents, hold the bubbles with his hands.
- What is a vegetable and a fruit
You just got home from the store, inwho bought food for a whole month? Great, it's time to play with your child! Ask him to close his eyes and let's alternately sniff apples, oranges, cucumbers and other products with a pronounced smell. In the future, you can switch to a less fragrant cherry, apricot, cabbage and other similar vegetables and fruits.
Developing memory correctly
If the first classes develop memory and attentionshould be in the form of a game, the older children will simply not be interested. That is why, from an early age, children should be attracted to more serious and complex hobbies, which in the future will be useful for them. So, for example, be sure to teach your child to play chess and checkers. If none of your family members are interested in this, take the child to a circle where they will teach him. Not bad, if from three to four years you will begin to learn simple rhymes. They are best remembered if you repeat them when you return home together. Start with four lines, each time adding a new measure develops attention very quickly. In the first classes, you can begin to study Pushkin, Lermontov, in the older ones - Yesenin. By the way, Soviet schools often practiced studying white verses or even excerpts from books. But most importantly, do not forget that by learning something new, you must always repeat the old. Otherwise unnecessary information will simply be forgotten. But even not all adults will be able to recall in random order the multiplication table or the rule learned in the first class. The more your child knows at the moment, the easier it will be for him to learn the material in the future. But be careful and do not overstrain the student's brain, since too much information will be difficult for him to perceive. If you think that he has memory problems, and attention is scattered - always consult a schoolteacher. After all, parents are not always aware of how children manifest themselves in an unfamiliar environment. Perhaps, the obtained two is not a sign of bad memory, but just a kid hesitated to answer before the class. In this case, the problem will have to be solved in completely different ways.