Of course, cats are independent and quiteself-sufficient, but people do not think so. Sometimes our desire to take care of our smaller brothers comes to fanaticism. A superfluous custody of cats is not needed: they cope with many problems on their own, but sometimes they still need our help and our participation. Nevertheless, this assistance should not be a "bearish service". So, for example, an adult healthy cat is able to bear and produce offspring without any human participation. But there is one "but". Animals living in our houses are often too spoiled, pampered and "humanized" by us. Therefore, they lose some of their instincts, or just fuss, demanding increased attention to themselves. So if you live a kitty, going to become a mummy, knowledge about its "female" physiology is superfluous for you. How does pregnancy take place in cats, how are births, are there any complications, and do you need help in this period? Let's find out.
Pregnancy of a cat
Cats carry offspring an average of nineweeks (plus or minus four days). The exact duration of pregnancy depends on the breed of the animal, on the number of fruits, on the individual characteristics of the cat and on the conditions of its maintenance. Premature kittens are considered to be premature, which are born before the sixtieth day of pregnancy (they usually do not survive). The period of pregnancy of cats is divided into trimester. The first three weeks of obvious signs of pregnancy is not observed, and to determine the pregnancy at this time is almost impossible. By the twenty-first day (or a little later) in pregnant cats, the nipples turn pink and swell. At the same time, it is possible to conduct the first ultrasound examination, which will show not only the presence of kittens, but also their number.
- Important! Do not try to find for yourself kittens in the mother's womb. Palpation should be performed only by an experienced specialist, reckless probing can lead to miscarriage.
From the second trimester in a pregnant cat canmorning nausea and vomiting appear, due to hormonal changes in her body. The animal refuses to eat, looks oppressed and depressed, but this state lasts only a few days. At the same time, the cat's stomach starts to grow a little, and from the second month of pregnancy the stomach grows quickly. In the second half of pregnancy, stirring of the fruits becomes noticeable, and in the last two weeks the cat's stomach takes a pear-shaped form, the nipples hang, and colostrum appears in them. The cat becomes inactive, begins to eat less and can already start looking for a place to give birth.
Care of a pregnant cat
In a special care a pregnant cat does not need. Do not limit its mobility. Moderate stresses are even useful to cats (as, indeed, to everyone else) during pregnancy. Only in recent weeks, do not allow your pregnant beloved to climb to the heights: at this time it is difficult for cats to keep their balance, because the center of gravity is displaced by the big belly. Otherwise, all your participation should be limited to proper nutrition and monitoring of the animal. In the first four weeks, the cat should be given the usual food for her, but increase the proportion of foods rich in vitamins in the diet. If you feed the cat with ready-made food, then buy her food for kittens: it also suits pregnant and nursing cats. You can give and special vitamin supplements, only before you need to consult a veterinarian. In the second half of pregnancy, the cat should receive food rich in protein, and the amount of food can be increased by one and a half times. Do not feed the pregnant cat with the remnants of food from your table, do not give her smoked products and fried foods. First, the animal will not receive the necessary nutrients, and secondly, it can lead to obesity (pregnant cats easily get fat). By the way, obese cats usually carry very large kittens, and this can lead to complications during childbirth. Pregnancy of a cat should proceed under the supervision of a veterinarian. Of course, in most cases such an observation is only a preventive measure, but still it is necessary to show the animal to a specialist. Firstly, only in a veterinary clinic you will accurately determine the pregnancy of a cat, after performing an ultrasound. Secondly, the doctor will reveal the general physical condition of the animal and, if necessary, prescribe additional studies. If the cat suffers from chronic diseases, if it has intestinal parasites, the veterinarian will prescribe the necessary treatment and instruct you about the proper care of the animal.
- Important! Do not give the cat any hormonal and antihelminthic drugs and antibiotics without consulting a veterinarian. Most of them (like vaccinations) are contraindicated in pregnancy and can lead to serious consequences.
Pregnancy in the final stage requires youincreased attention to the animal and a mandatory visit to the doctor. It is necessary to conduct one more examination (or just an examination), and also to find out where you can go for emergency help during childbirth. In addition, it is the vet that you can get a qualified consultation about the birth itself and about your participation in this process.
Possible pathologies of pregnancy
To visit a veterinarian did not seem like a waste of money to you, keep in mind that a cat's pregnancy can be complicated by the following pathologies:
In addition, observation by a specialist and diagnostic studies will help distinguish the present pregnancy from false and from pyometra (purulent inflammation of the uterus).
As a rule, births in healthy cats go withoutproblems. Nevertheless, your participation in them is also necessary. First, you need to prepare for a cat-kicking place. Secondly, it is desirable to have your presence as an observer and willingness to provide emergency assistance. The birth of a cat should take place at home, in a familiar setting for it. Prepare for this purpose a box (cardboard or plywood), which put in a warm and quiet place, preferably away from the passage. The dimensions of the box (approximately) are sixty centimeters in length and fifty centimeters in width and height. It is desirable to close the box with a removable lid, and for a cat cut in one of the walls of the box laz. The bottom of the box is covered with several layers of paper towels (or newsprint) and a clean dry diaper. In addition, you will need:
- box for newborn kittens;
- a hot-water bottle or an electric blanket (also for kittens);
- sterile gloves;
- a syringe without a needle or an eye dropper;
- silk sterilized threads or dental floss;
- clean towels.
Childbirth begins with harbingers. A week before giving birth, the cat's behavior becomes restless, it begins to look for a place and is often licked. It is at this time that it is necessary to acquaint the cat with the box prepared for her and to ensure that the cat takes it as a "patrimonial chamber". Immediately before birth, the cat takes its box, it breathes faster, and the pussy plaintively meows. Primitive cats can be very frightened and seek help from the owner, but most cats prefer to give birth in seclusion.
- Important! If the cat in every possible way demonstrates the reluctance to see the owner close to him, hisses and tries to hide in an inaccessible place, leave her alone. Most likely, deliveries without your presence will pass more quietly.
As a rule, the birth of a cat is easy, andno assistance from man to the animal is required. Pass births in several stages, and the kittens are born alternately. First, contractions begin (muscle contractions of the uterus) and attempts (contractions of the abdominal muscles), then a kitten is born, and after that the latter is expelled. A newborn cat is licked by a cat, the umbilical cord bites, and then eats. Before the birth of the second kitten, leave the first-born with the mother, and before the birth of a new calf, transfer the kitten to a pre-prepared box with a heating pad (wrapped in a clean towel). A syringe, gloves, sterile threads will be needed for you only if the mother refuses to process the kitten by herself or simply does not have time to do it, since the second calf is born immediately after the first. Then you need to take the baby, gently break the amniotic fluid, and use a pipette or syringe to suck off the mucus from his mouth. The umbilical cord should be tied up closer to the tummy (3-4 centimeters), then cut off and greased with a liquid green. The birth is considered complete as soon as all the kittens were born. The cat calms down, lies on its side and pushes the cubs to the nipples. And you can only look at the picture with emotion. On average, births in cats last from two to six hours. But sometimes some of the kittens are born even a day after the birth seems to have ended. Such births are not considered pathology, and you do not need to be frightened. It is necessary to sound an alarm if suddenly:
- pregnancy lasts more than seventy days;
- the cat has fever and fever;
- from the vagina of the cat there is an unpleasant and sharp odor;
- fights and attempts last more than a day;
- bleeding begins, lasting more than ten minutes.
Care of a cat after childbirth
In the postpartum period, the cat needs rest. It is advisable to show your pet to the veterinarian 24 hours after birth. Otherwise, your withdrawal is reduced to the proper feeding and hygiene of the animal. It is necessary to change the litter in the box as it gets dirty, and it will get dirty, because for the first time the cat continues to secrete from the vagina and even the estrus may begin. Feed your cat more caloric food or special foods, give milk products, and do not limit the amount of food. Actually, it is in this and is your care for the cat in the postpartum period. More from the cat you do not need: she is completely absorbed in her new condition and care for her offspring. You just have to watch this idyllic picture, and if you have any questions, consult a veterinarian. Love your pets and take care of them: they need it. We advise you to read: