Most ficuses grow in the tropics andsubtropical, where the vegetation of all plants continues year-round. Our climate implies frequent seasonal fluctuations, because the ficus in winter requires more thorough, comprehensive care, which includes a number of features. In particular, it concerns such factors as temperature, water regime and nutrition, as well as humidity. If one of the factors is changing, the others must change. But about everything in order. To plant survived the winter without disease and without any other damage to yourself, you will have to provide him with proper care.
Compensate the lack of sun
It is known that the ficus is a plant that is thermophilic,which prefers to grow in a well-lit place. In autumn and winter, care for the ficus is complicated just because of the lack of heat and light. In winter, use mercury and fluorescent lamps as well as sodium and metal halide lamps as additional lighting, paying attention to their spectrum. For example, if the ficus is small, then there will be a compact enough small fluorescent lamp, the base of which is E27 and the power is about 25W. To fix such lighting it is necessary at an altitude of twenty centimeters from the foliage of the tree, about six to eight hours in the morning or evening. As a rule, ficuses of variegated forms need additional light source.
To properly care for the ficus in winter, you needobserve the optimum humidity. For the ficus, humidity is 60-70%, but in winter, in rooms where central heating is present, humidity is extremely low - an average of 35%. For such a plant, this is unacceptable. To increase the humidity, do not forget to include daily spraying of the tree with spraying using warm water. You can use special humidifiers, as well as pallets filled with expanded clay. To this end, today sell beautiful decorative fountains, which can create the ficus ideal moisture, and at the same time decorate the decor of the room. But containers with liquid are recommended to be placed on radiators. If the plant is small, it is better to place it in a mini-greenhouse. If the room is poorly lit in the winter, it is hot and the humidity does not reach the norm, the ficus can discard leaves or turn yellow. In particular, this refers to the ficus of Benjamin - the most popular domestic variety of a plant of this genus. To prevent the death of the tree, provide him with a full-fledged care.
We fight with cold
It is important to ensure that during the winter seasonthe ficus did not freeze. The main source of supercooling of the tree, of course, is a low temperature, less than fifteen degrees. For tropical species of ficus, this is unacceptable. It is recommended not to buy ficuses in winter and not to carry them along the street in such a period of time, otherwise the tree will overcool and quickly die. Afraid of the ficus is also aeration and drafts. To ensure a good care for the plant, put the pot with the tree as far as possible from the open leaflets, the doors, that is, in a quiet place where no one will bother ficus. The windows are recommended to be insulated, so that in case the ficus stands on the windowsill, it does not spill. In winter, a special insulating material must be placed under the pot with the ficus. It can be felted or wooden dies. As an alternative, newspapers and polystyrene foam are suitable. Note that pots of ceramics freeze much more than plastic, and this is of great importance for the soil - it also should not be cooled. In a warm room, the leaves of the ficus quickly evaporate the water, rather than in the cold one. At the same time, a strong supercooling of the soil prevents the earthman and the root system from absorbing all the useful substances from the outside. In addition, moisture also becomes inaccessible to the plant. All this can lead to the rapid death of the ficus, so it is very important to properly care for the soil and roots, especially when the room and outside the cold. Take care that the crown of the ficus does not touch the window panes. Even a small local frostbite can lead to the loss of leaves or their deformation, and subsequently to their complete withering away and rotting. Just set the pot with the tree away from the window - the further, the better. Considering the question of how to properly care for ficuses in the cold season, we can not say about the water used to water the plant. Many make the same mistake: they recruit water from the tap and water the plant. Remember - do not do this in any case! Water for irrigation must necessarily be above thirty degrees, and must be permanent. Watering the ficus is necessary only in case of need, both in summer and in winter. Winter care involves fighting pests that periodically attack the ficus. As a rule, this is a scab, aphids and mites. In addition, due to improper conditions, the ficus is rapidly exposed to disease. For example, an excessively dry place can result in the reproduction of a tick, but the wrong humidity and coolness is an ideal medium for fungal diseases. It is extremely important to periodically inspect the greens, using a magnifying glass - this will help in time to identify a possible disease and pest. The requirements listed above are very important to observe if you are engaged in growing such an exotic tree as ficus. It should be noted that the ficus is not the fastidious plant - caring for it is not too difficult and does not entail significant cash costs, so you can safely add a fig tree to your home flower garden.