buenos aires Buenos Aires - the beautiful capital of a huge andbeautiful Argentina, and it occupies an area of ​​about four thousand square kilometers. This is one of the main political, economic and cultural centers of the country. The population of Buenos Aires is over eleven million people. The local climate is under the direct influence of the Atlantic Ocean, so it is characterized by a very hot summer and mild winter. In warmer months, the whole of Buenos Aires is flooded with sunshine, there is a high humidity in the city, so some even compare the Argentine climate with Sochi. If you decide to visit Buenos Aires from December to February, then keep in mind that the winter here is not similar to the Russian: instead of snow you expect frequent rains, and freezing is a rarity. The climate of the city is characterized by constant winds and thick fogs. In general, the capital of Argentina is suitable for visiting all year round. However, if you do not tolerate the heat, then it's better not to plan your vacation in Buenos Aires during the winter holidays, because this time of year is characterized by high humidity, and the thermometer often rises above 35 degrees. Ideal months to go to Buenos Aires are October, April, November and March, when it is comfortable and not too hot weather. As you can see, the climate here is quite peculiar, but this does not prevent the crowds of tourists from visiting the unforgettable beauty of Buenos Aires every year to see its sights, to dance tango and enjoy beautiful scenery.

History of appearance of the city

Buenos Aires - a city that is unlikerest. If you look at the map, you will see that it is located in the central-eastern part of Argentina, on the western bank of the Rio de la Plata, and is the largest in size. The capital is an autonomous city, and Argentina itself is divided into 24 provinces. Buenos Aires, in turn, is represented by fifteen communes and 48 districts. It was founded by Pedro de Mendoza - the Spanish conquistador - back in 1536, but soon this territory was taken over by the Indians, who burned all the sights, houses and drove out people. The city was restored only 44 years later by Juan de Garay. Therefore, all of Argentina believes that Buenos Aires was born twice. The capital has a beautiful and unusual name - the Port of Good Winds, this is how the phrase "Buenos Aires" is translated from Spanish. This name was given to him by Spanish conquistadors, who named the city in honor of the patron saint of sailors. Initially, Argentina was part of a huge Spanish empire, so Buenos Aires was part of Peru, but in 1776 became the capital of the newly created at that time the vice-kingdom called the Rio de la Plata. After 30 years, Buenos Aires occupied British troops, capturing the city and power over it for several months. But in 1810, Argentina rebelled: there was the May Revolution, famous throughout the world, which resulted in the overthrow of the Spanish governor and, thus, the First Junta was created, which became the national government of the country. In 1880, Buenos Aires was proclaimed the capital, and from this moment began its rapid flowering, which occurred on the wave of the so-called "beef boom." There were beautiful squares, unusual monuments, fountains and original buildings that were built, inheriting the "Parisian" style. Prospects expanded, and the streets were landscaped. Thus, the city acquired the status of an Argentinean mini-Paris. At the beginning of the 20th century, Buenos Aires was subjected to mass emigration, sweeping across Europe and subsequently played a major role in the formation of the ethnic population of the country. The mixture of different cultures, as well as nationalities, turned this city into a European Babylon with an admixture of colorful Latin American roots. Today the capital is inhabited by people of different nationalities, here is the largest port of this region. Initially, Argentina was considered the richest state of South America, mainly due to the well-established exports of meat, wool and grain, so thousands of emigrants from Europe rushed to search for a better life here. Modern Buenos Aires is a mixture of Métis, Jews, Arabs, Armenians, Englishmen, Spaniards, Chinese, Italians and other nationalities. These people, who came to Buenos Aires from all over the world, created a special gene pool inherent in the Argentine nation. So there was a "white" Catholic country with the Italian-Spanish mentality and the European style of life, which is called Argentina. To date, its climate, architecture and attractions attract crowds of tourists, and the country's capital is most popular. buenos aires capital

Life of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires - the focus of elegance, fun andculture. This city is famous for its love of tango: there are even whole areas where magnificent dancers live. Wherever tourists come from, each of them finds entertainment in Buenos Aires to their taste: some enjoy the wondrous scenery, others view the sights, and the third dive into an incredibly active and diverse life, which the capital is proud of. However, there is no need to idealize this city, because for people from the other hemisphere it is familiar mainly thanks to music and literature. Argentina was praised by such great writers as Cortázar and Borges, but here, as in any other place, there are pluses and minuses. Carnival in Buenos Aires - this is something without which it is impossible to imagine the city. For the first time the costumed procession was held on the main square of the capital in 1600, later performances were held in clubs, as well as in private houses. However, 90 years later they returned to the streets, and now every year thousands of tourists come here to enjoy a bright dance show. However, if you do not get to the Argentine carnival, do not despair, because here and without it there is something to see. Walk through the streets familiar from books, look at antique shops, sit on benches, drink coffee with mediununami (local variety of croissants), feel the atmosphere of sensual tango that sounds from everywhere. In Buenos Aires, there is a huge number of clubs, where every evening there are tango shows. The capital is the scientific and cultural center of Argentina. Here are concentrated various academies: natural and physical sciences, literature, geography, medicine, fine arts, law and others. The city is famous for its museums (historical, decorative and contemporary art), theaters and cinemas. Naturally, it is impossible to bypass the architectural sights of the city - the magnificent presidential palace, the parliament building, as well as the opera house are mesmerized by its beauty and originality of tourists coming to Argentina from all over the world. By the way, the latter in its acoustic data is second only to the operas of New York and Milan. This city, like any other port, at one time served as a haven for smugglers, most of whom lived in the area of ​​La Boca, where the tango originated. In addition, there is a stadium "La Bombonera", built in 1940 for the famous Argentine football club (at one time for him played the great Diego Maradona). Buenos Aires is also famous for its antiques and craft markets. So, in the area of ​​Dorrego you can buy everything you want: bouquets, incense, and calabashes. In addition to sellers, street dancers, mimes, actors and musicians show their skills here, thus not only entertaining tourists, but also earning money. Buenos Aires is not only a city of fun: its business life - banks, offices, headquarters of international corporations - is concentrated in such areas as Plaza de Mayo, Microcentro, as well as Puerto Madero. One of the most common ways to organize small shops are galleries. Often they not only "look" at the street, climb up or go deep into buildings, but also climb underground. Here are sold a variety of goods, from antiques to punk clothes. Buenos Aires originally emerged from the influx of immigrants, it remains hospitable to this day. In this city there are people from many countries: Ukraine, Germany, Italy, Russia, France, Poland and others. argentina buenos aires

Attractions of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is one of the largest citiesin the world, also it is considered the most elegant and business in South America. Despite the fact that over time its architecture is changing in the direction of modernity, there are many old charming corners, streets, buildings and places, impregnated with the spirit of history. The city admires its special atmosphere, color and heartiness of people. Its attractions are diverse and original, so every tourist here can entertain and relax as he wishes. In the capital is located the world-famous obelisk with a height of about 67 meters. It is located in the center of the widest avenue Julio Avenue in Plaza de la Republica. The monument, which Buenos Aires is so proud of, was created by the design of a designer named Alberto Prebisch and built in a record short time - in just four weeks. Its grand opening took place in 1936 in honor of the 400th anniversary of the city. The obelisk serves as a symbol of the special spirit of the nation that reigned in those troubled times. Buenos Aires boasts old buildings, cobbled streets, churches and museums, made in a variety of architectural styles. The historic center of the city is called Plaza de May - it was from here that Buenos Aires began to be built. In 1810 there was a market and a weapons area on this site, with the passage of time there were different historical events, naturally, the destination of the Plaza de May also changed. Today, here are the Ministry of Economy, the central cathedral, as well as government buildings. Opera lovers should definitely visit Buenos Aires, where the Colon Theater is located, built in 1857 and included in the four best operas in the world. In the hall for 4000 seats annually there are about 65 concerts, 35 ballet performances and about 100 operas. There were such meters as Mikhail Baryshnikov, Luciano Pavarotti and others. Arriving in Buenos Aires, you can feel the spirit of France. Do not believe me? Then take a stroll in the Recoleta area, where shops, restaurants and apartment buildings are designed in the spirit of French architecture. There is an incredible beauty Cathedral Iglesia del Pilar, built in 1706, as well as the legendary cemetery, decorated in the European style of the XVIII century, where Eve Perron is buried - the first lady of Argentina. If you want to see the "cultural" Buenos Aires, visit the ice palace and museums, enjoy the tower of Mihanovich and the magnificent structure of Estrugamou. To soak up the spirit of history and see what Buenos Aires looked like several decades ago, go to the area called San Telmo. Here you will see small houses, walk along the cobblestone streets, you can choose a souvenir in one of the old shops. Naturally, time does not stand still, Buenos Aires, like other cities, is evolving, so Sant-Telmo is gradually changing its appearance, there are new modern buildings and superstructures. Tired of walking, tourists rest in cozy restaurants and cafes, which are located almost at every corner. On the day off, the Plaza Dorrego turns into a bright, loud, fairy fair, attracting not only visitors, but also local residents. Buenos Aires, as already mentioned, is divided into several areas, one of them - La Boca - indicates the boundless and versatile fantasy of the Argentines. Workshops and museums located here are able to tell about the centuries-old cultural life of the capital. Completes the unique landscape of the port area with a huge number of moored ancient ships. Over the last decade, Buenos Aires began to expand, so if you want to visit its modern part, go to Puerto Madero. Here, a lot of new buildings, restaurants, luxury hotels and shops, surrounded by picturesque parks and wide boulevards. Buenos Aires is a unique city, where ancient sights are combined with modern architecture. Whether you want to visit museums or want to see a performance in one of the most famous opera houses in the world, learn to dance tango or just relax with a European service, all these opportunities will be provided by the capital of Argentina. We advise you to read: