The disease usually begins with a feeling of sadnessbehind the sternum and the sore throat, feelings of lethargy and shatteredness. After a while, there is a dry cough that is paroxysmal. After a few days, mucopurulent or mucous sputum begins to flow away. With very long coughing attacks, there is a headache and unpleasant sensations in the chest. When the bronchitis of the patient can disturb chills, there is a weakness, a fever of 38 ° C, muscle pain, adynamia.
Manifestation of usual and chronic bronchitis
In severe forms of bronchitis due to edema of the walls andBlockage of bronchial tubes with sputum may result in impaired patency, which is accompanied by a violation of the ventilation of the lungs. Because of this, cyanosis, increased dyspnoea, wheezing in the chest, especially on exhalation. In these situations, there is a great danger that the disease will go into a chronic form. That is why bronchitis and its treatment are inseparable concepts. In acute bronchitis, a blood test usually shows an increase in the number of leukocytes and increases in ESR. On the x-ray, you can see the expansion of the roots of the lungs. Pulmonary pattern becomes more contrast. Usually the disease with bronchitis lasts for 2-3 weeks ends with recovery, but the bronchial patency and the function of external respiration are restored, usually a little longer. If the recovery comes in 4-6 weeks, the doctors call it a protracted course of bronchitis. One of the most serious complications of bronchitis is pneumonia (pneumonia) or its transition to a chronic form, which can often be observed in weakened patients and elderly people. Characteristic manifestations of chronic bronchitis are cough, sputum and dyspnea. But with this form of ailment, the character of the cough becomes slightly different. Cough with separation of sputum in the very beginning of the disease occurs only in the morning. After a short time, cough begins to disturb during the day, while intensifying in the cold season. Over the years, this cough becomes permanent and very painful. The amount of sputum is also increased, it becomes purulent or mucopurulent. Dyspnea is also progressing. The disease can manifest obstructive syndrome: too much mucus in the bronchi, combined with a spasm, violates the passage of air in the bronchi and leads to very severe attacks of suffocation. Chronic inflammatory process can cause sclerosis of the bronchial wall, atrophy of glands, muscles, cartilage and elastic fibers of the bronchi, development of emphysema. Over the years, patients develop respiratory failure, and cough, sputum and dyspnea become permanent realities of being. Thus, "spittle" bronchitis can ruin a person's life.
Medication for bronchitis
With bronchitis the patient needs bed rest ora semi-fast food, a good meal, a plentiful drink (tea with honey or raspberry jam, milk with soda, lime or raspberry infusion), alkaline mineral water in a warm form. During a bronchitis smoking is strictly forbidden - it is best, using this pause, to forget about this bad habit forever. The use of mustard plasters on the back and chest, cans or papillary patches is possible only with the permission of the doctor. The room where the patient is located should be warm, but it must be constantly ventilated. At the first symptoms of bronchitis, many immediately try to start taking antibiotics, since they can be bought without a prescription in any pharmacy. But in fact, these drugs should be used with great care. Do not forget that antibiotics have strong side effects that can suppress intestinal flora and reduce immunity. The stronger the antibiotic, the more serious the complications. If there are no purulent sputum in the disease and there are no inflammatory changes in the blood, then you need to stop taking antibiotics. With a mild form of bronchitis, it is best to dispense with simple medications: aspirin, paracetamol, some expectorant. An excellent expectorant effect is the grass of the mother-and-stepmother, the leaves of the plantain, the roots of elecampane, the herb of thyme and thermopsis, the fruits of anise, and also the shoots of Ledum. Herbs can be purchased at the pharmacy in the form of pressed briquettes. A single dose (one lump) of such a briquette should be poured into 200 ml of boiling water and leave to infuse for 15-20 minutes. After the grass has been infused, it must be filtered and drunk in a warm form. This procedure should be carried out 3-4 times a day.
Drugs for dry cough
There are so many medicines that will helpget rid of a cough, for example "Pertussin", "Mukaltin", "Terpinhydrate", "Bromgeksin." But all medications can be taken only after the appointment of a doctor. It is worth noting that the drug "Bromgeksin" begins to act a couple of days after its first adoption. The course of treatment can last up to 3 weeks. Sometimes, when taking bromhexine, there are allergic reactions, such as itching and skin rash. In this case, you need to stop taking the drug. If the above drugs do not help, then you need to take medications that suppress the cough reflex itself. Usually it is Codeine, which is prescribed in the form of potions, powders and tablets. But you need to remember that this drug can be addictive, so they should be used with great care and only after consulting a doctor. Very good for coughing "Tusuprex" and "Libexin", while they are not addictive.
Inhalation with bronchitis
When bronchitis is shown inhalation expectorantmeans, preheated alkaline water, sodium bicarbonate (2% solution), eucalyptus and anise oils. You can use both steam and ultrasonic inhaler. For steam inhalation, you can take the most ordinary saucepan in which it is necessary to warm up 4-5 glasses of water, various medications that determine the anti-inflammatory effect (tincture of iodine, eucalyptus leaves, essential oils) are added to it. A cone-like funnel folds out of very thick paper, the wide end of the resulting "design" needs to close the pan tightly, while the person breathes through the second (narrow end) of the funnel, which is placed directly into the mouth. You can breathe the steam directly over the pan, closing the top with a sheet or a wide towel. In any method, the distance from the mouth to the outlet of the steam should be at least 30 cm.
Treatment of allergic and chronic bronchitis
For the treatment of allergic bronchitistake antihistamines (Suprastin, Tavegil, Diazolin, etc.), zaditen, intal, bronchodilators; in severe cases, after consultation with a doctor, glucocorticoids may be prescribed. Chronic bronchitis should be treated as early as possible, and treatment should be continuous and strictly individual. First, all factors that can provoke the disease must be eliminated, and the treatment itself should be aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process in the bronchi, improving bronchial patency and restore the normal immune background of the body. Treatment of the chronic form of this disease requires the use of antibiotics. So the treatment of bronchitis is greatly accelerated. Patients with these forms of the disease are shown expectorant, bronchodilator and mucolytic agents. An expectorant effect is provided by such means as mucolytics, infusions of thermopsis, potassium iodide, leaves of mother-and-stepmother, plantain, alteic root, proteolytic enzymes and cysteine derivatives. Favorably affect the inhalation of phytoncides onions or garlic (juice of onions or garlic mixed with a solution of novocaine or sodium chloride 1: 3).
Green pharmacy for the treatment of bronchitis
Many known medicinal plants possessexpectorant property (mother-and-stepmother, plantain, roots of elecampane, herb of thyme, shoots of rosemary, herb of thermopsis, fruits of anise), but the list of useful recipes from the huge arsenal of folk medicine is not limited to these names. It is thanks to folk remedies that bronchitis can be cured very quickly. The correct choice of folk remedies helps to reduce the dose of traditional medicines, removes inflammation, reduces allergy manifestations and improves the sputum discharge. However, it must be remembered that the treatment of bronchitis with folk remedies can be unsafe, since they sometimes cause allergic reactions. Treatment of bronchitis at the earliest stage should start with a drink of warm whey, several times a day, suck sugar with a few drops of almond oil. An excellent expectorant remedy is the most common juice of onions. It is better to replace your usual tea or coffee with hot milk with a pinch of soda and honey. The mustard can be replaced with water pepper. Traditional medicine for the treatment of bronchitis recommends:
Prevention of bronchitis
Any disease is best prevented thantreat. This also applies to bronchitis. First of all, you need to protect your throat in the cold season, but you do not need to dress too warmly - when walking and walking, you will get very hot, sweat, which can lead to colds and bronchitis. Those who often suffer from bronchitis, tonsillitis, tonsillitis, will help hardening. Hardening allows using the body's capabilities and mobilizing its protective forces at the right time, thereby eliminating the influence of unfavorable factors. To get the effect of recovery, every exposure to cold should match the capabilities of each individual organism. A positive effect is obtained only when the cooling "overlaps" the thermal reaction. Strong hypothermia, especially for those who are just beginning to become hardened, is unacceptable. Hardening is aimed at increasing the temperature stability of body parts, the most vulnerable to cold. It is very useful to harden the nasopharynx and feet. Feet is hardened with the help of foot baths. Begin with a water temperature of at least 26 ° C, gradually reducing it by several degrees per week. The water temperature can be brought to 12-14 °. After each bath feet should be thoroughly wiped (until redness). Quenching of the nasopharynx is done in two stages. On the first, nasal passages are taught to be washed with water (32-35 ° C). Using a pipette, you need to dig in water in both nostrils. To draw in water it is necessary, having thrown back a head, on an inspiration. After the nasal passages have become accustomed to washing, it is possible to switch to washing with cooler water. Flushing should be combined with a rinse of the throat.