Remember the children's puzzle: "The steamer is sailing, now back, now forward, and behind it is such a smooth surface, or wrinkles can not be seen"? This is about him, about an iron - a thing in the household is indispensable and necessary. Of course, in every house there is an iron (and even not one!), But it happens that either the iron itself is out of order, or the landlady intends to acquire a more modern model of iron. Or it may be that a new iron is purchased for someone as a gift. In any case, we go straight to the hardware store and choose what we like. And it is at this point that the question arises as to how to choose an iron, so that the price is suitable, and the quality suits us. And the problem of choice actually becomes practically insoluble: how to understand all the variety of modern irons offered to us? In addition, at first glance, they are all the same. However, you still have to make a choice, so you should know what all the same (irons) are different, and how to choose an iron for a suitable model. But first of all, let's find out what kind of irons there are.
Types of modern irons
Of course, they do not differ in their purpose: the task of any iron is ironing. But depending on how easy it is for irons to cope with this problem, they can be classified into simple and improved models. The simplest irons are the cheapest. They are not equipped with additional functions that make the ironing process easier and more comfortable. Their only additional function is a temperature regulator for various types of tissues. Lack of simple irons: the need for additional (manual) wetting of the product. Advantages - low price and high reliability in comparison with more complex models. But for some reason manufacturers today produce a very small number of such simple models, preferring irons with additional functions. Iron with sprinkler (without stripping). You are also unlikely to find in stores a wide range of similar irons. This is explained by the low demand for such models. Their cost is higher than that of simple irons, and the spray function is not very effective: such an iron as well as simply will not be able to smooth out the heavily crumpled fabric without additional manipulation. Steam iron. Here is the most popular model. Such irons and buy readily, and produce actively. What explains the great popularity of steam irons? This iron is multifunctional: it can be used for both dry and wet ironing. It is undoubtedly very convenient to use: it has special grooves for smoothing the fabric under the fasteners and a high degree of slip. Ideally smoothes any thing, and thanks to the steaming function - even strongly crumpled fabrics. And the price of steam irons is quite democratic. There are also steam stations, or irons with a steam generator. They are much more expensive than steam irons and are intended, as a rule, not for household, but for professional use (in the atelier, laundries, workshops). And one more kind of irons, which you can see on the shelves - road irons. They are compact (have a small size and a folding handle) and are irreplaceable on a business trip or on the road. But, at the same time have a minimum set of functions and low power, which is also an important factor when choosing an iron.
Power, or heating ability of the iron
Before there were electric irons, peopleUsed to heat this ironing device, hot coals, kerosene, alcohol or gas burners. Modern irons are heated by electric heaters having different power, measured in watts (W). This information is indicated in the product passport. How to choose an iron depending on its power? Irons with low power (less than one thousand three hundred watts) are quite rare today. In operation they are not very convenient - they heat up for a long time, they do not support high temperature in the steaming mode. Yes, and the need for them is only if the wiring in your house is weak. The average power of the iron is from one thousand six hundred to two thousand watts. Today, this is perhaps the most economical and at the same time quite a good choice. This iron will cope with small volumes of things and is suitable for a small family. As practice shows, these irons are the most "running" commodity. The maximum power of the iron is over two thousand watts. These are very expensive irons. They are designed for very large amounts of work, but they also consume a lot of electricity. As a rule, for everyday use such power of the iron is superfluous, and a costly purchase does not justify itself.
This is another important characteristic of the iron. The temperature of heating of its sole (working surface) is regulated by a special slider with divisions located on the body of the iron. This thermostat allows you to set the desired temperature for ironing different fabrics. This is especially true when working with "gentle" fabrics (synthetics and silk). Dividing-hints for temperature adjustment are indicated by markers-dots or inscriptions. To determine the temperature for a particular product, it is worth looking at its tag - there will definitely be indicated the heating mode of the iron. What do the markers on the thermoregulator mean?
- One point (or the inscription "nylon" (synthetics), "silk" (silk) is a mode for light fabrics that are ironed at low temperature: nylon, silk, chiffon, crepe de Chine.
- Two points (or the inscription "wool" (wool) - the temperature suitable for woolen and half-woolen fabrics.
- Three points (or the inscription "cotton" and "linen" (flax) - a mode for working with fabrics that require high temperatures: cotton, linen, drape, tweed, etc.
The sole, or working surface of the iron
Surprisingly, in modern ironssoles can be different: from stainless steel, aluminum or cermets (ceramics). What are the requirements for the working surface of the iron? This, above all, gentle influence on the fabric, good glide, strength, uniform heat distribution. How to choose the right iron for these requirements? What are the qualities of the soles of the iron from different materials? The most common irons with a sole made of stainless steel. Advantages of this material: durability, ease of cleaning, good glide, rapid heating. Disadvantages: irons with steel soles are quite heavy, quickly get dirty. Modern manufacturers produce irons with improved qualities of steel slip. To do this, on the soles make special grooves (hollows) to form an air cushion or apply a titanium coating. All this reduces the frictional force and increases the sliding speed of the iron. Aluminum outsole. Advantages of such irons: lightness, good sliding, rapid heating and cooling, low price. The disadvantage is one, but very significant: susceptibility to deformation (the appearance of scratches and metal burrs). But even damage to the sole of the human eye, which is invisible to the human eye, can damage the tissue, leaving puffs or incisions on it. Although some manufacturers of such irons make soles of anodized aluminum, which has increased strength. In addition, some irons have special removable aluminum nozzles, which also form an air cushion and prevent the appearance of shiny areas. Ceramic outsole is also very common in modern irons. Its advantages: increased slip, high quality ironing, very easy to clean from contaminants. The main drawback is fragility. Irons with ceramic soles require a very careful attitude, but they will reward the landlady with excellent work quality. And the last know-how in the development of irons is the ribbed working surface. This effect is achieved by applying to the sole of thin cross strips of heat-resistant enamel. It is on them that the highest temperature and the main effort from pressure are concentrated. With such irons, it is easy to disentangle even heavily dried laundry. Another point in the quality of the working surface of the iron - holes for steaming. The main thing to remember is paying attention to this parameter, the more these holes, the better the result of ironing.
Steam and Spray
Despite the fact that the task of these iron functionsone (moistening), several ways of its implementation: constant steam supply, turbo-steam, vertical steaming, spray (spraying). The constant supply of steam occurs at a high temperature, which turns water into steam. This steam supply can be regulated (automatically or manually) or uncontrolled. It is best to purchase an iron with the possibility of adjusting steam. As a rule, modern irons are equipped with a multistage steaming mode. Each separate stage is the intensity of the steam supply, measured in grams per minute, and the thicker or more crumpled the fabric, the more intense the regime is required for its stripping. Turbopar, or steam stroke. This function is necessary to smooth out the denim, linen and cotton things, as well as for overdried laundry. Steam boost (enhanced steam supply) is manually controlled by pressing a special button. A very convenient feature, especially since it is only used when necessary. The steam supply in the vertical position, or vertical steaming, makes it possible to iron (strip off) clothes and curtains without removing them from the hanger or cornice. The function is quite new, but very popular, and therefore practically all manufacturers produce models of irons with vertical steaming. Spraying is necessary when ironing overdried laundry or things from thin fabrics. Water is thrown out in small and thin streams in front of the iron spout and moistens the fabric. This is very convenient when smoothing cuffs, pockets, folds and other small parts. You can also activate this function by pressing a special button. How to choose the right iron with the function of stripping or spraying? First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the water tank. Ideally, its capacity should be at least two hundred and not more than three hundred milliliters. It would also be good if this tank was transparent. And another important detail when choosing an iron with steaming - anti-lime cassette, which protects the soleplate of the iron from scaling. Well, if there is no such cassette, then you just need to use distilled or boiled water for steaming.
Other factors of iron selection
In addition to the main characteristics of the iron, when choosing it, you should pay attention to other "little things" that can affect the quality of the product itself, and the comfort of working with it. What are we looking at?
Here, perhaps, all the main points for whichIt is worth paying attention when choosing an iron. Well, what kind of iron to choose in terms of design - it's already a matter of your taste. Producers are trying to glory, giving us all kinds of models of irons: for every taste and thickness of the purse. So you can choose (and need!) Exactly what will suit you in every way. We advise you to read: