Again there were traces of blood on the toothbrush? Approximately 75% of all adults and 40% of children are familiar with the phenomenon of inflammation and bleeding gums, as well as their irritability and puffiness. In almost all cases, the cause of such phenomena is a disease such as gingivitis. The special insidiousness of this disease lies in the fact that it does not manifest itself in the early stages. And only when the disease is already in the advanced stage, there are such symptoms as:
- The gums become swollen, very sensitive to the slightest irritants.
- With some impact on the gums, they begin to bleed - the blood can be seen not on the toothbrush, but even on a piece of soft bread.
- The color of the gums changes too - they can get from pink to bright red.
The first sign of gingivitis is a peculiarplaque on the gums - a film formed by bacteria from saccharides. During the cleaning of teeth this film is destroyed and destroyed, but very quickly it forms again. In the same case, if for some reason the teeth are not cleaned often enough, or they are not cleaned at all, the film hardens and is converted into tartar, which it is already impossible to remove with a simple toothbrush. It requires professional cleaning to remove it. Further, there is bleeding gums. Dental stone is not only a cosmetic defect - they serve as a kind of storage of bacteria. In addition, the tartar itself is very irritating to the gums, leading to swelling and bleeding. And the longer tartar remains on the gums, the stronger the gums suffer. Therefore, if you have gum bleeding, treatment should be started as soon as possible. For the sake of justice, it should be noted that there are also other reasons for the development of gingivitis, which, although less common, still exist. Such reasons include:
- Pharmacological preparations
Very many medications, for example,antiviral, or antidepressants, include in their composition such substances that lead to a decrease in salivation. But it is the saliva that cleanses the gums from bacteria. In the same case, if the saliva is produced in small amounts, tartar is formed much faster and in greater quantities.
- Fungal and viral infections
Despite the fact that in most casesThe cause of gingivitis is pathogenic bacteria, in some cases, fungi and viruses can lead to the development of the disease. For example, herpetic gingivostomatitis occurs if the mucous membranes of the mouth are affected by the herpes virus. With a similar form of the disease, the entire oral cavity, especially the gums, is covered with small ulcers. If the lesion occurs due to the effects of fungi, on the mucous membranes of the mouth - on the tongue, cheeks and gums - there is a white coating and bleeding gums.
Treatment of gingivitis
It is inadmissible to ignoregingivitis, leaving it untreated. In the event that the disease is not treated, it will smoothly flow into periodontitis. And periodontitis is a much more serious problem, as it leads to tooth loss. On the general state of health, he also has an extremely negative impact - increases the risk of developing strokes and heart attacks, and in pregnant women can trigger the onset of premature birth. Gyngitis is treated by a dentist. The key to successful treatment is careful hygiene of the oral cavity - your doctor will tell you about it. It is he who will select for you an individual scheme of treatment. As a rule, drugs can not be avoided: anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs are used, as well as immunomodulators. However, it is almost impossible to manage with medicamentous treatment, as a rule, it is necessary to remove calculus, which is produced either by mechanical influence or by ultrasound. The replacement of those seals that hang over the gums is being made.
Other causes of bleeding gums
Besides gingivitis, the gingivitis of the gum causescan have other. There are also a number of diseases that cause the gums to become inflamed and begin to bleed. So, for example, diseases such as lupus and red lichen, if they are in the advanced stage, can lead to a severe inflammatory process of the gums. As a result, the mucous membrane of the gums can simply peel off from other underlying tissues. And in people suffering from leukemia, gums are full of leukemia cells, which also leads to increased bleeding gums.
- Changes in the hormonal background
In the event that the hormonal background changes,people can also face increased bleeding gums. A vivid example are pregnant women - they significantly change the hormonal background and, as a result, the gums become very sensitive, bleeding gums appear. Together with morning sickness, all this delivers to the future mother a lot of unpleasant sensations.
- Poor nutrition
In the event that the human dietcontains insufficient amounts of vitamins, especially group B, and also minerals, in particular calcium and phosphorus, bleeding gums are also inevitable. In such cases, you need to review your diet and start taking multivitamin complexes.
Prevention of inflammation and bleeding gums
Any disease is much easier to prevent,than subsequently to treat. This also applies to gum bleeding. The best way to avoid this problem is careful hygiene of the oral cavity. Be sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day, not forgetting the most distant corners of the mouth and tongue. Try to revise your food a little - reduce the intake of food that contains a large amount of sugar. Try as little as possible to have a snack, because with this very quickly formed plaque on the teeth. Or, after each meal, use a dental chewing gum. Also, one should not forget about preventive examinations with a doctor.