Dyskinesia of the gallbladder occurs in everyonefifth adult. This disease is a functional disruption of the gallbladder and biliary tract. With this violation, the contraction of the gallbladder and bile ducts is not timely and synchronous. In all cases of dyskinesia of the gallbladder, dysfunction of the gallbladder occurs. Dysfunction of the gallbladder is characterized by a violation of the ability of the gallbladder to contract. Similar violations in almost all cases are accompanied by biliary colic - intense pain in the area of the gallbladder. Almost always the appearance of such colic is the consequence of the fact that the gallbladder is not emptied properly. Dyskinesia of biliary tract symptoms has different, but painful - the most obvious. In addition, it is necessary to mention the sphincter of the gallbladder, which is called the sphincter of Oddi. He locks and unlocks the entrance to the gallbladder. Any dyskinesia of the biliary tract is accompanied by a disruption of the work of this very sphincter. And all this introduces an additional complication during this disease. In addition, disruption of the normal functioning of the sphincter of Oddi often accompanies such diseases as cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
Varieties of biliary dyskinesia
Dyskinesia of bile duct and gall bladdercan be of two types - primary and secondary. Basically, it depends on the causes that caused the development of this disease, and the nature of its course. So: Primary dyskinesia of bile ducts: Primary dyskinesia of the gallbladder differs from the secondary one in that pathological organic changes of the gallbladder and its bile ducts are absent. However, do not relax and do not take the primary dyskinesia of the gallbladder as something trivial and unimportant. In the event that this disease is not treated for a long time, serious stagnation of bile in the gallbladder is formed. And, as a consequence, such dyskinesia of the gallbladder leads to its inflammation, as well as to the formation of gallstones. And on the general condition of the digestive system of man this disease affects a very, very unfavorable way. And this is quite understandable - as is known, the human body is like the most precise clock mechanism. And a malfunction in the work of an organ will inevitably lead to a disruption of the normal functioning of the whole organism without exception, let alone the digestive tract of a person in whose work the gallbladder plays an important role. Secondary dyskinesia of bile ducts: In the same case, if dyskinesia of the gallbladder and bile ducts occurs as a result of certain diseases. Most often, dyskinesia is caused by such disorders as cholecystitis, both with the formation of stones, and without them, the pathological development of the gall bladder itself: its excesses and constrictions, stenoses. In the event that dyskinesia of bile ducts in children, it is possible to suspect the presence of congenital anomalies. The essence of the disease is as follows. In the liver, bile is formed continuously. The ingestion of bile into the duodenum itself occurs directly during the process of digestion. Coordination of this process is due to certain relationships between the terminal section of the main bile duct and the bile duct itself. In order for bile to enter the duodenum, during the digestive process the gallbladder begins to contract rhythmically. It is as a result of active reduction of the walls of the bladder and there is separation of bile. Oddi's sphincter relaxes and opens the gallbladder so that the separated bile can leave it and enter the bile ducts, and from there into the duodenum.
Features of the course of the disease
Both primary and secondary flowdyskinesia of the gallbladder and bile ducts is much more often affects the female body. Men suffer from these diseases two and a half times less often than women. Especially often women with a lean physique encounter this disease. In addition, recent studies have proven that the connection between the menstrual cycle and dyskinesia of the gallbladder. The more irregular the cycle, the higher the probability of the disease. And secondary dyskinesia, associated with various other diseases, is also much more often observed in women. Although, strictly speaking, the frequency of occurrence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is approximately the same for both men and women. And why they are more often complicated in women with the development of secondary dyskinesia of the gallbladder and bile ducts, doctors have not been able to establish until now.
The causes of dyskinesia of the gallbladder
The fact that often the development of the gallbladderprovoked by existing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, already mentioned above. However, in addition to this disease-provoking factor, there are many others. In particular, such as:
- Violation of the hormonal background
Approximately 30% of all cases of dyskinesiagallbladder it is associated with human hormonal disorders that are associated with a disruption of the normal functioning of the endocrine system.
- Pharmacological preparations
Many medicines have sucha side effect, which leads to stagnation of bile in the gallbladder, often very long. And, of course, that this phenomenon has extremely negative consequences for both the gall bladder and the bile ducts. Carefully read the summary for each drug you take. Do not rely on a doctor - to a great regret, not always the doctor himself pays attention to such nuances.
- Hormonal contraceptives
By the way, one more reason for thatwomen suffer from dyskinesia of the gallbladder more often than men, is the use of hormonal contraceptives. As already mentioned, a change in the hormonal background often provokes the development of this disease. And after all, taking these drugs, the woman purposefully changes her hormonal background. This is what increases the risk of dyskinesia of the gallbladder and bile ducts.
- Allergic reactions
Quite often, the doctors turned tosick person, diagnose the presence of dyskinesia biliary tract. However, despite all the efforts to establish the causes that provoked the development of the disease, they still can not. And very rarely any doctor can assume that the provoking factor may be an allergic reaction of the sick person's organism to any products.
- Poisoning and hepatitis
Often, severe poisoning also leads todevelopment of dyskinesia of the gallbladder and bile ducts. And it does not matter what substances led to strong intoxication of the body - food toxins, poisonous substances, household chemicals or something else. The result, as a rule, is one - the functioning and condition of both the gallbladder and its ducts suffers. About hepatitis and do not say at all. After all, they suffer greatly liver, and the gall bladder is directly related to the work of the liver.
Nutrition rules for dyskinesia of the gallbladder
You need to talk about nutrition separately. Proper nutrition can not only alleviate the course of the disease and accelerate recovery. Proper nutrition can be a good way to prevent the development of dyskinesia of the gallbladder and bile ducts. Try to revise your diet. It is necessary to try to exclude from it completely the following products:
- All salty dishes - rassolniki, salted fish, pickles.
- All pickled meals.
- Smoked and spicy dishes - sausages, spices and others.
- Various sauces, except sour cream.
Instead of these products it is much more reasonable to include ina menu of dairy products, vegetables and fruits that contain a large number of dietary fiber. Such a diet will benefit the whole body, and not only facilitate the work of the digestive tract. Yes, and women, such a diet will please the disappearance of a few extra pounds of weight. We advise you to read: