Biedermeier is a catchy word, besidesmany are unfamiliar. However, this word designates this word as simple and ordinary. Artistic style Biedermeier - style simplified, devoid of pretentiousness and aristocracy. Very often we arrange and decorate our house according to the rules of this style. Because Biedermeier is a style of home comfort, everyday simplicity and simple earthly joys. It is also called philistine or philistine. Just do not immediately give a negative assessment of this style. Let's first understand what it is, what advantages and disadvantages it has and for which house it is suitable.
History of style
There was a Biedermeier style in the early 19th century inGermany. A name owes its name to Gottlieb Biedermeier (pseudonym of the German poet Ludwig Eichrodt). One of the characters of his ironic works was a provincial schoolteacher, who was distinguished by philistine tastes, philistine interests and complete contentment with his life. This style was quickly established in Germany and Austria. And not only in everyday life, but also in art. And here is the paradox: it was in Europe that this style was treated and continues to be treated ironically, considering the Biedermeier style of philistines and people with low aesthetic demands. In Russia Biedermeier came in the days of Pushkin. And although the bourgeois philosophy of this style did not match the general moods of the era, in Russia the Biedermeier style fit perfectly into the interiors of noble houses, landed estates and even royal dachas. Biedermeier replaced the pathos of empire and established itself at the expense of everyday comfort, home comfort and convenience. Strictly speaking, this style emerged as a result of searching for simple truths and values, peace and tranquility. And in the future it was he who became an example of how, with the help of modest means, you can solve the problem of a laconic and stylish interior.
Philosophy of style
A characteristic and even distinctive feature of the styleBiedermeier can be called a kind of poeticization of the world of things, reflecting philistine worldview. And at the same time - simplicity and unpretentiousness. By the way, the literal translation of the word "bieder" is simple-minded, philistine. Historically, the interior in this style is asymmetric and disproportionate. The main motto is comfort and comfort, the main motive is flowers and stripes. The main emphasis of the style is aimed at creating a cozy and quiet atmosphere at home, where life flows slowly and pleasantly. However, the desire for a calm and measured life, which is the basis of this style, is understandable. A series of wars and revolutions simply forced people to seek pacification in everyday life and in the arrangement of everyday life. Biedermeier, in the first place, the style of residential (domestic) interior. That is why it responds to the most urgent human needs: convenience, practicality, functionality. This style is a clear example of how the unity of the spiritual and objective world of people arises. Biedermeier is sometimes called a simplistic empire. At the heart of his artistic expressiveness are the ancient motives. But unlike the Empire, he abolishes the imperial pathos of the palace columns and prefers soft and rounded forms. We can say that the Biedermeier selects from all the interior styles exactly what is close in spirit to the middle class and to an ordinary person.
Modern embodiment of style
The vast majority of apartments in our homes are notis characterized by large areas and large space, but the Biedermeier style answers the best of questions. So now this style is very popular, but, unfortunately, it is in Europe. We still do not accept it and do not understand it, scornfully referring to philistine or German style. However, to assume that Biedermeier does not represent any artistic value is fundamentally wrong. Biedermeier is not only modesty and neutrality, it is also stability (and what's wrong with this feeling?). Biedermeier is not a tasteless philistine style, devoid of an aesthetic component, it is created by modern designers and artists. In the Biedermeier style, not only dwellings (apartments and private houses) are formed, but also hotels, restaurants and cafes. Together with modesty Biedermeier brings comfort to the situation and allows making any room "live" and home.
Biedermeier is very democratic - norequirements for the area of rooms, the height of the ceilings or the shape of windows and doors. In interiors made in the Biedermeier style, there is no luxury. They are characterized by neatness and laconicism, intimacy and balance of proportions, soft forms and calm tones. A minimum of decoration, a maximum of simplicity, space and light - all this creates an atmosphere of psychological comfort and material well-being. Typical interior solutions in the Biedermeier style look like this:
- use warm and light colors (yellow, pink, blue);
- Finishing can be any color, but with a monophonic background;
- drawing on the walls - a simple pattern or a thin strip;
- emphasis on furniture and bright (but a few) color elements;
- floors are most often wooden, covered with monophonic carpets.
Furniture style Biedermeier should be most completeanswer your destiny. Practicality, functionality and comfort - it is these properties that it must have in the first place. During the appearance and distribution of this style, all pieces of furniture were distinguished also by the impeccable quality of carpentry (which can not be said about modern furniture). The beauty of the texture and color of the furniture was emphasized by the skilled furniture (in today's performance - veneer). In the heyday of the Biedermeier era, the most popular pieces of furniture were all kinds of chests of drawers, cabinets, secretaries and washbasins that were distinguished by simple shapes, flowing lines and lack of decor. Very common at that time was and multifunctional furniture - sliding tables or tables with folding table tops, secretaries with drawers, folding chairs. The most popular items of upholstered furniture of that time were sliding sofas (sofa), and fashionable elements of the interior - glass showcases, which exhibited family rarities. Furniture from modern manufacturers fully meets the requirements of Biedermeier style, since its main motto is practicality. It is simply impossible to distinguish any distinctive features of such furniture - its common feature is just a mixture of styles and simplified stylization. And the merit of Biedermeier furniture can be called a combination of different styles with aesthetic requirements and comfort. Strictly speaking, all modern stylized furniture - this is the furniture in the style of Biedermeier.
In addition to special finishes and practical furniture,a distinctive feature of the Biedermeier style are a few decorative elements. Most often these are simple watercolors, statuettes and souvenirs. Characteristic for this style and a large number of photographs hung on the walls and exposed in frames on chests and shelves. Velvet curtains on the windows, a fireplace and many indoor flowers also form an integral part of the Biedermeier interior. By the way, the era of this style gave us fashion for jardiniere (special stands) for indoor plants. And, nevertheless, the Biedermeier rejects any excesses in decorating the interior.
The integrity of style
Interiors in Biedermeier style, mustto give an impression of integrity and completeness. Therefore, in this style it is appropriate to make out the whole apartment or floor of the house (cottage) entirely. The rooms should be bright and spacious (spacious does not mean large). In a corner, you can draw a circular niche with indoor plants. Furniture is desirable to choose a diverse and multifunctional: cabinets, chests of drawers, sliding tables, sofas, dressing table. All this should be evenly distributed throughout the room. Walls of neutral colors, monochrome or with a pattern of flowers and stripes. The floors are wooden or coated, imitating the color and pattern of the tree. On the windows - air curtains, and on the walls - hung miniatures and photographs. And here before us in all its glory Biedermeier - the style of German comfort. It was in such rooms that Beethoven, Goethe, Schumann lived and created. So why until recently this style was persecuted? Why was it a symbol of domestic vulgarity and commercialism? Surely historians, art historians and sociologists know the answers to these questions. But, everything returns "to square one", and Biedermeier again in favor. For, comfort, practicality and stability is the main motto of this artistic style. Namely, we all strive for this!