In fact, mint is unpretentious, and for many itgrows in vegetable gardens, someone grows her house on the windowsill, and somewhere it just rises as a weed. But all this - mint medicinal, that, broth from which we drink at cold. But not everyone knows that there is room mint. Meanwhile, this fragrant plant of the family of labial flowers, also known under its botanical name Plectranthus, is quite popular among amateur flower growers. And if you can argue about the healing properties of this specimen, its ability to replace peppermint as an additive to tea is undeniable. What is this plant, and how easy is it to grow houses? Let's figure it out.
Varieties of room mint
Call this plant room or homemint. Like all gubocvetny valuable plecrantus with its fragrant leaves. And they smell because of the special glands in the leaves that emit essential oils. In indoor floriculture several varieties of plectrum are known, and the most popular of them are three:
- Plectratus shrub or Mole tree is an evergreen shrub that reaches one meter in height;
- Plektrantus southerly, also known as Swedish or Scandinavian ivy - a herbaceous plant with lagging shoots reaching a meter length;
- Plextrantus Ertendal (no other name) is an evergreen half-shrub, the crown of which forms curtains.
However, the most common in the roomfloriculture kind of house mint is a Mole tree. That's what they mean when they talk about growing room peppermint. Yes, and for garden mint, he is more like other brothers.
Conditions of detention
As we already said, the plant is unpretentious. However, for favorable growth and reproduction, he needs certain conditions. Plectrantus shrub (domestic mint) grows well on fertile substrates and organo-mineral fertilizers. Only he does not like mineral fertilizing. The plant is photophilous and needs year-round (evergreen yet) bright, but diffuse illumination. Leaves of homemade peppery are pubescent, as in violets, so it does not tolerate sprinkling, and when water hits leaves and stems, spots appear on them, which then dry out or rot. But watering this plant requires abundant in the warm season and moderately plentiful in winter. In nature, a mole tree grows in a temperate climate, so that when the room is kept, an average temperature of about 20-24 ° C is favorable for it. However, hot weather, domestic mint too suffers, but hypothermia for her is disastrous. The minimum temperature that this plant can withstand is 10 degrees Celsius. To the humidity of the air, homemade mint is undemanding, but it does not tolerate the neighborhood with the heating battery and dry hot air. So the ideal conditions for this plant will be a warm light room, good watering without spraying and fertilizing with flower fertilizers twice a month.
Care and Growth
The main care for indoor peppermint is intimely watering, feeding, pinching and transplanting. It is necessary to transplant it once every two to three years, pouring a mixture of turf and garden compost into flower pots. In the period of active growth (and the plant is active almost all the year round), room mint should be pricked and broke off the peduncles. These measures will make it possible to form a compact and fluffy bush. Odrevrebnevshie shoots, losing foliage and decorative, you need to trim. Rejuvenating shaping pruning can be carried out at the end of winter or in March, and pinching - all year round. Prischipku and pruning peppermint tolerates painlessly and responds to it with new numerous shoots. Possible problems:
- if the plant is experiencing a deficit of illumination, then its shoots are strongly stretched and droop, and the leaves turn yellow;
- dry and dark edges of the leaves of room mint, if it is not enough to feed or fill,
- supercooling is fraught with damage to roots, young leaves and growth buds,
- to pests and diseases, domestic peppermint is quite stable, however, it is possible that a plant of aphids, a scab, a whitefly or a spider mite, can be excluded.
Propagation of room mint by cuttings, cutting offapical shoots or rooting parts of lignified stems. Cuttings can be cut throughout the year, and cuttings can be rooted in water or in wet sand. Special conditions rooted cuttings do not require except for a constant temperature of about twenty degrees. With good care, homemade peppermint lives in a flower pot for about five years. But experienced flower growers say that with constant rejuvenation and cuttings, her life is not limited. So this is not only an evergreen home plant, but also almost eternally living. So if you want to get into your house a simple fragrant and grateful plant, the house mint will become a flower suitable for this purpose. In addition, it is believed that she is able to drive out moths from the house, and mosquitoes with flies do not tolerate her presence. Do not believe me, then put a room mint in your house, and see for yourself. Good luck! We advise you to read: