Indoor plants need careful care -they should be properly poured, fed, removed dead leaves. And, if necessary, rearrange the pot with the plant closer to the light or, conversely, further away from it. A long absence of owners is bad for all colors without exception - without timely watering, they can die. But this can be avoided thanks to devices that perform auto watering of plants. You can use these devices in summer and winter. The main thing is to properly adjust them and, if necessary, make sure that moisture does not get on the leaves and stalk of the plant. The system of automatic watering can be different. According to the principle of operation, such aggregates are divided into two groups:
- Devices installed inside the pot
The advantage of such devices is that they feed water directly to the roots. But using them, you should be very careful: immersing cones in the soil, you can damage the roots;
- Devices that produce drip irrigation (irrigating the soil from above)
The meaning of these devices is that ofspecial drippers or thin tubes, embedded in hoses, drops fall. These devices consume nutrients and moisture less efficiently, but they allow you to regulate the supply of water. In contrast to the cones, the supports for the tubules barely touch the roots, so several droppers can be placed in the pot.
Nose to the ground
The design of aggregates with ceramic conesvery simple. The delivery set includes a cone, a container and a hose that allows it to be connected to a water source. Such auto devices are produced by the companies "Weninger" and "Brigadier Werkzeuge". For example, the constant watering of domestic plants is carried out by the Swiss soil humidifier "Archimedes" produced by the company "Brigadier Werkzeuge". This simple auto device can correctly supply the potted plant with moisture for 5-7 days. Its device is very simple: a glass flask is inserted into the ceramic cone, which is immersed in the ground. Water oozes by drop through the porous capillary walls. The cone can be lowered to different depths. Cones with hoses can independently supply the plant with water for a long time. Here, water flows through the hose from any container. For example, from a bucket or a can. Such devices are manufactured by the company "Weninger". Depending on the type of plant, its size and preferences, these devices pass from 0.25 to 1 liter of moisture per week. The speed of automatic irrigation is affected by the location of the container with water relative to the flowerpot with the plant: the higher it costs, the watering goes faster. The operation of such auto devices is simple. To do this, once a year, flush the hose, clean the cone inside the brush, and on the outside - the scraper for ceramic pots or sandpaper.
Drip irrigation of indoor plants is carried outon the principle of garden units. Moisture to the roots is given in small doses. Moreover, such devices are capable of watering several plants at the same time. For example, an auto appliance by Gardena can supply up to thirty-six colors at the same time. The device consists of a pump with a filter, a supply hose, a transformer with a timer for power, three distributors with twelve taps, a capillary hose, end caps and peg holders. The electronic timer works to provide daily automatic watering for one minute. If desired, several hoses can be brought to one pot. The kit includes a closed plastic container into which the pump is immersed. As soon as the water in the tank is finished, the pump automatically turns off, and when the water is refilled, it continues to work. Droppers that are not needed at the moment are closed with plugs. A little differently arranged auto system "AquaPod" firm "Hozelock". In it, the micro drip unit is a barrel with thin tubes, and droppers are located at their ends. The container is connected to a water tap with a hose. In doing so, you should consider that some plants that have a tender root system do not like cold water, especially in winter.
Unite and water
It is very convenient to combine drip watering roomplants with a root. To date, various companies produce auto systems that combine the principles of operation of the two groups of devices described above. Such devices are manufactured by Weninger. We can say that these are the most advanced of all devices, since they allow the plant to choose its own watering regime. The system works according to the following principle. Ceramic cones filled with water are installed in the vases. In the cap of such a cone, there is a drive diaphragm for clamping the hose, which is placed above the cap. Through the main drainage system, the drip hoses assembled in a single system receive water from the tank. The cones themselves with water are certain sensors that notify the system of the moisture level of the substrate in the pot. Once the ground has dried, the plant begins to draw moisture from the ceramic sensor. Then, some air is discharged in it, the membrane falls down under the influence of atmospheric pressure and ceases to compress the hose. When the earth is saturated with moisture, the water will again retract into the cone, lifting the membrane and squeezing the hose. For each sensor, you can attach a few droppers, placing them evenly over the pot area. There are other ways to automatically water indoor plants. For example, hydrogel or granulated clay, previously water-soaked, can also provide the plant with water. This method of irrigation is based on the fact that the listed materials are able to absorb a large amount of moisture, gradually giving it to the roots of plants. To do this, clumps of clay are placed on the bottom of a larger pot, then the plant is taken out of its pot with an earthen lump, set on granular clay, and the earthen lump on all sides is covered with a thick layer of the same material. Then the top of the pot is covered with a plastic wrap so that moisture does not evaporate.
And in winter and summer indoor plants wateredit is recommended along the circumference - so that the entire root system is saturated with water. As for humans, the quality of water that is watered is of great importance for plants. This water should have a minimum amount of harmful impurities and a neutral acid-base balance. Water from the tap does not always satisfy such requirements - watering her houseplants is impossible. Therefore, before use, water is defended, and ideally also filtered. Rigid water, which contains many salts of magnesium and potassium, boils or softens: add oxalic or citric acid, put peat in it. After that, it is recommended to defend it in a transparent open container. This is necessary in order for the volatile chlorine compounds formed during the chemical reaction to evaporate. In winter, water can be frozen and watered with melt-water - this method is much more useful and safe for indoor flowers. With a high iron content, water acquires a specific taste of rust. This suggests that you can not use it for irrigation. Elevated levels of iron for plants are dangerous. In this case, it is best to give preference to distilled water, adding the necessary amount of liquid fertilizers. In winter it is not recommended to water flowers with cold water. The temperature should be at room temperature, and for some types of plants (for example, orchids) - a little warm. Watering with cold water can provoke rotting roots, the fall of buds and even the death of a flower. Theoretically, each plant needs an individual watering regime, both in summer and in winter. There are water plants, such as asparagus, nertera, hydrangea, selaginella, nephrolepis (fern), kareks, junkus. They should be watered abundantly almost every day. Other plants require only meager irrigation once a week. This is almost all succulents (in their stems, leaves and roots, many of their juices). To the same plants are the shefflera, pahira, nolina, philodendron. In summer, during hot weather and active growth, almost all indoor plants need more moisture than in winter and autumn. This especially applies to flowers that have a pronounced rest period (in other words, they fall into hibernation in winter). At this time, some of these plants do not need watering at all. It should be noted that in the winter the next watering can be replaced by loosening the soil. Succulents - lovers of arid conditions - require complete drying of the soil in winter. However, do not forget about the plant. Periodically check the soil moisture, if necessary, loosen it so that the roots receive sufficient oxygen. If the plant has long been abandoned by the masters, it is noticeable to the rhinoceros: shriveled, dangling or flying leaves. These troubles indicate a decrease in turgor - internal pressure in the cell, causing tension of its shell. Turgor after irrigation is gradually restored, but the new foliage will not grow so quickly. And if redsula, ficus and other marantens are able to wear new foliage in 1-2 months in 1-2 months, then kalatea or dracaena will not completely restore the foliage - new shoots will grow on the vertex, and the trunk will remain naked. And finally I want to give advice: do not bring your flowers to a painful condition. Both in summer and in winter they need regular, and most importantly - proper care. If you are not sure that you can give enough time to domestic plants, it is better to abandon the idea of creating a corner of wildlife at home. After all, stunted and withered flowers have not yet given anyone a good mood. We advise you to read: