St. Petersburg - a legendary city, a mystery city,A city that evokes emotions of a very different kind, but not indifference. It is located in the north-west of Russia, on one of the outer sides it is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Finland, and from the inside, like the veins and capillaries, the city is pierced by rivers and canals. The brainchild of Great Peter is the most northern city in the world, with a population of more than one million people. This city was sung in literature and played a significant role in the fate of Russia, and its own fate is epic, full of drama and sometimes just fantastic stories.
Sights of St. Petersburg: the main places
The city and its historical center is one biga tourist attraction, protected by UNESCO. The flow of tourists does not stop, but in a few days only a very small part of all the cultural and historical sites with which the city is so rich is obtained. To list all the sights in St. Petersburg, it takes a lot of time, so here is only a part of the most significant of them and highly recommended to visit all who will have the good fortune at least once to be in the former imperial capital of one of the world's strongest powers.
- Winter Palace
Until the Revolution of 1917 This is the official winter residence of the Russian tsars, erected in 1754-1762. under the project of B. F. Rastrelli in the style of Elizabethan baroque. The most beautiful architectural ensemble is the Winter Palace and Palace Square. It is here that one of the largest cultural, historical and art museums of the world and Russia is located - the Hermitage. It occupies five buildings standing along the embankment of the Neva River.
- Mikhailovsky (Engineers) Castle
It was built in 1797-1801. architect V.I. Bazhenov in the style of classicism. The customer of the construction was Pavel I, who was born in the wooden summer palace of Elizabeth Petrovna, standing before this place and strangled by his subjects a few days after settling in the new castle. Mikhailovsky was named after the patron of the house of the Romanov Archangel Michael, and the second name was strengthened behind the building after the Main Engineering School was located there in 1823. There is a legend that the castle is inhabited by the ghost of Emperor Paul.
- Yusupov Palace on the Moika River
This palace, executed in classical style andbuilt in the last quarter of the XVIII century by the project of J.B. Vallin-Delamota, survived five generations of the richest princely family of the Yusupovs. Here, in December 1916, in one of the cellars of the palace, with the participation of Felix Yusupov and his accomplices, Grigory Rasputin was killed. Currently, visitors are open to historical rooms, grand halls and a home theater, where periodically there are performances and musical evenings.
- Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace
The building in the style of the new Baroque is located oncrossing the Fontanka River and Nevsky Prospekt. The palace was built by architect A. I. Stakenschneider in 1847-1848. and in the period 1860-80. was considered one of the most secular places in the city. Here, to the hostess of the salon Princess Kochubey, the whole world was flocking, including prominent figures of that time and members of the imperial family. In the XX century, the interiors of the palace were practically unaffected.
- The Marble Palace
Implemented by architect Antonio Rinaldiin the style of classicism, in 1768-1785. During the construction, various grades of marble were used, and the facades of the building were faced with a natural stone. Initially, the palace was intended for the favorite of Catherine II, Count GG Orlov, but he died in 1783 before the construction was completed. In the XIX-XX centuries the palace was the residence of the great princes Konstantinovich from the Romanov dynasty. Before the eastern facade of the palace there is a monument to Alexander III.
- Pushkin Museum-Apartment on the Moika River
It is part of the All-Russian Museum of AS. Pushkin and tells about the last months of the poet's life. In this house the Pushkin family rented an apartment from September 1836. Among other exhibits in the museum are portraits and genuine personal belongings of Pushkin and his family members, including the poet's desk, the sofa on which he died in January 1837, and the posthumous mask, made by the sculptor S. Galberg.
- Central Naval Museum
It is among the largest marine museums in the worldand the oldest museums in Russia. Since 2011, the exposition is located on the Truda square, in the building of the Kryukov (Naval) barracks, built by the architect Ivan Chernik in 1844-1852. The museum's history began in 1709, when Peter the Great established a storehouse for ship drawings and models. In the future, the collection was constantly replenished, and now the museum can see models of military aircraft and ships, including ships that participated in the coup of 1917. One of the branches of the museum is the famous cruiser Aurora.
- Akhmatova Museum in the Fountain House
Here, on the bank of the Fontanka River, in the southern wingSheremetev Palace, built in the Baroque style, designed by SI Chevakinsky, the poet lived for a long time. Akhmatova Museum was opened in this house in 1989. Currently, the museum's collection contains about 50 thousand exhibits, including Akhmatova's publications, manuscripts and photographs of the poetess and her contemporaries, book editions of the writers of the Silver Age with their autographs and much more.
- State Russian Museum
Has the most extensive collection of Russianart in the world. The Mikhailovsky Palace is the main building of the museum, and its branches are located in the Stroganov and Marble palaces, as well as in the Mikhailovsky Castle. The museum complex includes the Peter I Lodge, the Summer and Mikhailovsky Gardens. In the museum there are objects of decorative and folk art, and in the collection of paintings you can see such famous works as "The Last Day of Pompeii" by Karl Bryullov, "Knight at the Crossroads" by Viktor Vasnetsov, "The Ninth Wave" by Ivan Aivazovsky, "Burlaki on the Volga "Ilya Repin.
- Dostoevsky Museum
This museum, the opening of which in 1971 was timed to coincide with the 150th anniversary of the birth of the writer, is located in Kuznechny Lane, near the Five corners. Here the family of FM Dostoyevsky lived since October 1878, and here in January 1881 the writer died. The collection of the museum presents the real things of the writer and his family, transferred to the museum by the descendants of Dostoevsky. Periodically, exhibitions of contemporary artists are held here, and the museum also has a functioning theater.
Monuments and monuments
- The Narva Triumphal Gates
They were built in 1827-1834. in memory of the heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812. This monument of architecture is located on the Stacek square and represents the Empire style. In its creation took part architect V. P. Stasov, sculptors V. I. Demut-Malinovsky, S. S. Pimenov and P. K. Klodt. The height of the gate is more than 30 m, width - 28 m. During the Second World War the gates were significantly damaged by bombing and shelling, but were later restored. In 1944, through the archway of the gates, the victorious troops entered the city.
- Bronze Horseman
This monument is the dedication of Catherine IIthe predecessor of Peter the Great. The opening of the monument took place on the Senate Square in August 1782. The equestrian statue of Peter, authored by the sculptor Etienne Falcone, is made of bronze, and the Bronze Horseman was named after the same poem by Alexander Pushkin. The pillar is a Thunder stone, a solid granite monolith weighing approximately 2,400 tons, the delivery of which to the city of Petersburg is a separate amazing story.
The monument height of 11 cm and weighing about 5 kg waswas installed on the Fontanka, next to the 1st Engineering Bridge in November 1994. Not far from this place in the XIX century was the Imperial School of Law, and its students wore green-yellow uniforms resembling the plumage of a siskin. A popular urban legend says that for the coloring of this uniform and for the traditional fake traditional hats, the students of the school received the nickname "chizhiki-pyzhiki." Since then, the monument has been abducted 7 times, but each time it was restored. There is a belief that a wish will come true if a coin thrown from a bridge gets to the pedestal of the Chizhik-Pyzhik and remains on it.
- Monument to Catherine II
The monument was erected on Ostrovsky Square in 1873and is a joint work of the artist M.O. Mikeshin and the sculptors MA. Chizhov and A.M. Opekushina. The Empress Catherine is depicted with regalia of royal power in her hands and the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called on her breast. The pedestal is surrounded by nine figures of eminent figures of the Catherine's epoch, among which there is commander Alexander Suvorov.
- Monument to Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin
This monument is the work of the sculptor M. K. Anikushin and architect VA Petrov was installed on the Arts Square in 1957. The height of the sculpture along with the pedestal is 7 m 90 cm. Due to the impressive pedestal the figure of the poet towers above the ground, thanks to this the monument perfectly blended into the general ensemble of the square that was designed by the architect KI Rossi in the classical style.
Temples and cathedrals
- Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ on Blood (Savior on Blood)
The cathedral was built in 1883-1907. in the Russian style, according to a draft prepared jointly by the architect A. A. Parland and Archimandrite Ignaty Malyshev. On the bank of the Griboedov Canal, at the entrance to the Mikhailovsky Garden, in the very place where the temple now stands, in March 1881 an attempt was made on Emperor Alexander II, as a result of which he was mortally wounded. From all over Russia money was collected to establish a monument to the Tsar-Martyr here. Nine-domed temple accommodates up to 1600 people, and its height is 81 m.
- Saint Isaac's Cathedral
This largest Orthodox church in St. Petersburgwas built by the architect Auguste Montferrand in 1818-1858. and got its name after the name of St. Isaac of Dalmatia, on the day of which Peter I was born. The cathedral is made in the style of late classicism and represents a unique example of architectural art. Its internal area is more than 4,000 square meters. m, and height - 101.5 m. The lining of the walls is made of light gray marble, and along the perimeter there are 112 granite monolithic columns. On the corners and tops of the pediments there are statues of the sculptor I.P. Vitali, representing the 12 holy apostles. From the observation deck, located on the dome of the temple, a beautiful panorama of the city opens. The walls and columns of the cathedral store traces of shells that fell here during the bombings during the Great Patriotic War.
- Holy Trinity Alexander Nevsky Lavra
It was believed that at the location of thisthe first and largest male Orthodox monastery in the city (the eastern extremity of Nevsky Prospect and the intersection of the Monastyrka River and the Neva River) in July 1240, Prince Alexander Nevsky's squad won a battle with the Swedes. In honor of this and Peter's victories over the Swedes, here in 1710 Peter I founded a monastery, on the initial projects of which the architects I.E. Starov and Domenico Trezzini. At the monastery there are several famous necropolises, where many outstanding personalities of the XVIII-XIX centuries are buried.
- Buddhist temple "Datsan Gunzehoyney"
The construction of this temple lasted 6 years and wascompleted in 1915. When the construction of this northernmost Buddhist temple in the world, architect G.V. Baranovsky adhered to the canons of Tibetan architecture. Money for construction work was collected by Buddhists throughout the Russian Empire, part of the funds was received from the Dalai Lama XIII and his envoy, the Buryat lama Agvan Dorzhiev, who interceded for the construction of the church in St. Petersburg. Currently, the temple is operational and stands near the metro station "Staraya Derevnya".
- Peter and Paul Cathedral
This orthodox church, the tomb of Russiantsars, is located on the Hare Island, in the Neva delta, where in 1703 the Peter and Paul Fortress was founded, designed to protect the access to the Baltic Sea. From this small island, in fact, the history of the northern city began. The present cathedral was built by the architect Domenico Trezzini in the style of the Petrine Baroque in 1712-1733, at the place where the wooden church of the same name used to be. The gilded spire of the cathedral, crowned with the figure of a flying angel, is one of the symbols of the city.
Garden and park ensembles
- Summer garden
According to the plan of Peter I, the garden, laid in 1704was to compete with the most famous parks in Europe for its beauty and luxury. Lattice of the Summer Garden, designed by the architect Y. Felten, glorified the city, having gained worldwide fame. After the reconstruction of 2009-2012. 8 of the previously existing fountains were recreated, and the sculptures of the garden were replaced by replicas of artificial marble. The originals of the sculptural collection were moved to permanent museum storage in the halls of the Engineering Castle.
- Mikhailovsky Garden
This city garden, a sample of landscapeart XVIII-XIX centuries, created under the project of the great Charles Rossi, adjoins the main building of the Russian Museum - Mikhailovsky Palace. Mihajlovsky garden surprisingly combines two different styles, landscape (English) and regular (French), and is a striking example of the architectural unity of the natural landscape and the building (Mikhailovsky Garden and the Palace).
- The Field of Mars
The authors of the project of this area located inthe heart of the city of St. Petersburg - architects IA Fomin and LV Rudnev. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, there were reviews of troops and parades of the city, hence the name of the square. After the revolution of 1917, a memorial was erected to the dead revolutionaries, and in 1957 the Eternal Flame was lit. Not far from the square, facing the Neva, stands the monument to the commander AV Suvorov by the work of the sculptor M. I. Kozlovsky. Of course, the list of interesting places in St. Petersburg is incommensurably wider, and there may not be enough of a lifetime to see all of them, while having the opportunity to take no time to fully experience the breathing of time, history and the almost human soul of this magnificent city.