kremlin in moscow Tourist routes of Russia constantlydevelop, each region seeks to develop its tourism industry and offers this or that travel option. It can be not only excursions to architectural monuments or historical monuments, but also a survey of unique natural monuments. Tourist operators are constantly studying how attracted to this or that foreign citizens of the city and the sights of Russia, which are located in them. So, according to some information, most of the foreigners tend to visit the cities of the Golden Ring with their rich, ancient history, which is reflected in every street and in every building. No less important for them is also what hotels are offered for the time of travel. The most popular are those tour operators who offer comfortable hotels. Another most popular area of ​​tourism, if you can spend a lot of time in Russia, is traveling by train along the Trans-Siberian Railway. The train goes from the capital of Russia to Vladivostok, during the journey it stops in five cities. During these stops you can get a little acquainted with the culture of Russia, especially with national cuisine. Cruises are also interesting for European tourists, especially those that come from Moscow to Astrakhan along the great river of Russia - the Volga. As for Lake Baikal, it does not enjoy such popularity among foreign tourists, so it's unlikely to meet foreigners on its shore. Mamaev kurgan

Sightseeing in the Central District - Kolomna Kremlin

Built in the 16th century by Vasily III, the Kremlin wasthe most powerful structure of the Moscow state. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Kolomenki and Moscow. To this day fragments of former power and luxury have not reached, although several towers and remains of the walls of the ancient fortress have survived to this day. According to some reports, Italian masters have applied their knowledge and skills to the process of building the Kremlin. The most magnificent structure of this ensemble is the tower, called Marinkina. This is due to the fact that, according to legend, it was in this tower that the wife of Lzhedmitry Marina Mnishek served time. The dimensions of the tower are impressive enough for that time. It has 8 floors, and its height reaches more than 30 meters. Behind the fence of the fortress there are several cathedrals, including the Assumption Cathedral, which is the main temple of the Kremlin. Not far from here you can see the tent belfry, which is recognized as the most ringing of all tent-type belfries. In the immediate vicinity of the bell tower there are two other churches, in one of which (in Voskresenskaya) Dmitry Donskoi was married. To date, the Kremlin is the venue for all sorts of historical, cultural and sporting events. All sorts of tournaments are held here, restoration battles, folk festivities and holidays are held. In general, this is an ideal place for family holidays and for those who dream of old times and dreams of participating in historically significant events of our country. historical center of saint petersburg

Wooden fairy tale of the Finnish-Scandinavian region

In the North of Russia there is a uniquehistorical and cultural complex, which is not only the Russian heritage, but also included in the list of UNESCO's world natural and cultural heritage. At the heart of this complex is an ensemble of 2 churches and bell towers. The first church - Preobrazhenskaya - has a huge number of domes, which number 22, and they are all of different sizes. The height of the building is also impressive - 37 meters. Like all other elements of the ensemble, it is made of wood without a single nail. During the construction of these monuments only an ax was used. This is what allows them to still be in excellent condition, as the integrity of the wood was not disturbed by the saw. But this is not always able to keep buildings. In 1714 a lot of people's money was spent on rebuilding the church after a fire. Around the middle of the 17th century, on the basis of this small complex, surrounded by a wooden fence, the Kizhi architectural and historical museum was created. Here a large number of economic and residential buildings, chapels were brought from Zaonezhye and other regions of Karelia. architectural ensemble of the Kizhi churchyard

Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra

Under the protection of UNESCO is located this monumenthistorical, cultural and spiritual life of the Russian people. Located Lavra in a small town in the Moscow region - Sergiev Posad. The founder of this monument of spiritual culture and architecture was the Monk Sergius of Radonezh. Now in the ensemble of the Lavra is a large number of buildings, and everything began with the construction in 1422 of the white-stone Trinity Cathedral, formerly on the site of which was a wooden church. He was raised by monks from Kosovo who found shelter in Sergiev Posad after the battle on Kosovo Field. Uniqueness to this object is also added by the fact that it houses an iconostasis painted by such great masters as Andrei Rublev and Daniil Cherny. Gradually more and more new buildings were added to the monastery, which now represent the whole architectural ensemble of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. By the way, this honorary title was conferred on the monastery in the 18th century. To date, the Lavra is a state museum-preserve, it stores the relics of Sergius of Radonezh, to worship which every day thousands of parishioners come. The complex, which consists of 45 buildings, serves about 300 people. And at the moment it is not only a functioning man's monastery, but also a spiritual center of Russia. On the territory of the Lavra there is the Shrine of the Godunov family, in which the remains of the Tsar himself, his wife and children are kept. The monastic vestry is a place of storage of unique objects of arts and crafts and the greatest jewelry that the monastery received as a gift from wealthy parishioners. In addition, there is a library in it, which includes handwritten and printed monuments. Today here is the oldest higher educational institution in Russia - the Theological Academy. Solovki Islands

Palace complex of the cultural capital of Russia

It was no surprise to anyone thatan excellent historical monument of St. Petersburg is one of the most visited places by tourists. It Peterhof with a great number of monuments of the 18th and 19th centuries, which has been recognized by many residents of our country, can rightfully be called one of the 10 wonders of Russia. Here is the most extensive system of water cascades and fountains in the world and a great number of museums. Many of them are classical, traditional (the Hermitage, Catherine's Corps), but you can also visit quite unexpected places, such as a museum of playing cards, a museum of collectors, a museum of imperial bicycles. Petergrhof served as the summer royal residence, and also became a kind of symbol of Russia's triumph in the struggle for access to the Baltic Sea. In the 20 years of the 18th century, regular Lower Park and Upper Garden were laid here, most of the sculptural compositions were completed. Further flourishing Peterhof gets a little later, during the reign of Nicholas I. But after the process of nationalization, committed in 1918, Peterhof became a museum. Church of the Ascension in Kolomna

Memorial on Mamayev Hill

Mamayev Kurgan with a memorial"Motherland Calls" attracts not only Russian tourists, but also many other inhabitants of our planet who are connected with the events of the Second World War. This monument was installed in Volgograd in 1967 at the top of the mound, at the foot of which lies the Square of Sorrow. In this hill, on top of which stands the main element, the sculpture "Motherland Calls", the remains of more than 35,000 defenders of the city of Stalingrad are buried, as well as the tombstones of the heroes of the Soviet Union who participated in one of the most important events during the Second World War - in the Battle of Stalingrad. The eighty-six-meter-long monument weighs almost 7 tons, of which 5500 are concrete and 2400 is metal. Separately, mention should be made of the sword that the woman holds in her hands. Its dimensions are not less impressive - it weighs 14 tons and is 33 meters in length. The second hand of the sculpture is diverted to the side, its palm is uncovered. Many argue that it can fit a real car. A few years ago, the statue "Motherland Calls" was chosen as one of the seven wonders of the world. Lake Baikal

The Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque in Chechnya

Russia is known to many foreign tourists asa country with a huge number of churches, temples and Orthodox cathedrals. And even in spite of the fact that Russia is a multinational country, very few people know that here one can meet religious monuments of Islam, Buddhism and other world religions. Each of them deserves special attention, because people of different faiths live in the country. "Heart of Chechnya" - this is the name of the mosque, built in Grozny and recently opened in 2008. It is one of the most grandiose and large mosques of not only Europe but also the world. It is located on the river bank, which makes it even more charming, especially in the evening and at night. The mosque looks picturesquely surrounded by other monuments and elements of Islamic culture. It is located in the center of a huge park, which also houses the Islamic University of Russia and the administration of the Muslim Chechen Republic. The mosque was built in accordance with the traditional Ottoman rules. In the center, above the main hall, there is a huge dome, and on the perimeter minarets are installed, the height of which is more than 60 meters. Interior decoration of the mosque in addition to decorating with white marble is represented by grandiose chandeliers (which, among other things, 36). All of them are installed in a special way and reflect the main Muslim shrines. Some of them create the image of a mosque in Medina, another in Mecca, and the third, which includes the main chandeliers - a mosque in Jerusalem.

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