The Principality of Monaco is located in Southern Europe,border of Italy and France. This is one of the smallest countries in the world. At the mention of Monaco, the city of Monaco (the capital of the country), the port and business center of La Condamine, the industrial area of Fontvieille, come to mind. But, of course, first of all, Monaco is associated with everyone with the monastery rest and casino Monte Carlo. Tourists from all over the world come here, wishing to have an unforgettable and full of impressions. Indeed, the entertainment industry in Monaco is developed at the highest level. Everything here is made for the pleasure of tourists. Also, every tourist on a trip just needs to see the sights of Monaco.
What to do in Monaco
As a rule, any acquaintance with a new countrybegins with its capital. The capital of Monaco is the city of the same name. It is small: its population is only 3 thousand inhabitants. Most of the population of the principality lives in La Condamine. Monaco is a very picturesque city, which is located on a rock site. It is considered an old city, and not without reason, because in general its medieval appearance was preserved. Monaco has many attractions: the prince's palace complex, the Oceanographic Museum, the Museum of Primitive Anthropology, the cathedral. If you came to try your luck in the game of roulette, Monaco is the best place for it. The gambling halls of the world famous casino Monte Carlo attract players from all over the world. In total in Monte Carlo are five casinos, luxurious, meeting even the most refined and demanding taste. They are rightly considered a landmark of the principality. Beautiful ladies are eager to visit the chic salons to relax and get beauty sessions at the famous spa salons that Monaco is famous for. In Monaco, there are classical cabarets and casinos, and quite ordinary nightclubs where you can dance to modern music, and the most ordinary pubs. Variety makes it possible to choose the rest to your liking. If you are an art lover in any of its manifestations, in Monaco and you will be interested. The world-famous opera, ballet troupe, orchestra, Princess Grace Drama Theater - all the sights are at your service. Fans of painting will be impressed by art exhibitions that take place in the Grimaldi Forum and galleries, of which there are a great many. Lovers of history should definitely visit the Oceanographic Museum. Here you will be told about the history and different aspects of the life of the Principality of Monaco. Despite the fact that the hotels have swimming pools, you can go to the public beach Plage du Larvotto, where you can not only swim and sunbathe, but also enjoy the beautiful landscapes of the Mediterranean. Whichever type of vacation you are attracted to, time in Monaco flies cheerfully, diversely and unnoticed!
Sightseeing: churches, cathedrals, chapels
For those who are impressed by the majestic temples and old chapels, who like to see the cathedrals, Monaco will have something to see.
- Church of Holy Virgin
Holy Devot is the patroness of Monaco. The church was built in the XI century. It is located in the Vallon de Gaumates area. The place was not chosen by chance. In the IV century, a Christian from Corsica was executed on a skiff, and the yalik itself sank exactly in the place near which the church was later built. In 1870 the church was expanded and restored. Every year on January 26, the feast of St. Devote is celebrated. With the onset of twilight in the square in front of the church there is a symbolic burning of the breadboard model of the ship, on which the saint was executed.
- Cathedral of Monaco
This is the main cathedral of the principality. It was erected on the site of an old church of the 13th century. The cathedral is built of white stone, which gives the building a special beauty and sophistication. Be sure to look at the paintings of Louis Brera, the pulpit and the altar. It is here that the grave of Princess Grace is located, which is very popular in Monaco, and the grave of the Grimaldi family. If you have the opportunity to visit the cathedral on the day of the religious holiday or November 19, when Monaco celebrates the National Day, you will be lucky twice, because you will hear the sound of the organ that was installed in the cathedral back in 1976.
- Chapel of Mercy
The chapel is located on the square of the City Hall, whichold city. It was built in 1635. Originally it was built as the meeting place of the Brotherhood of penitent sinners, the rector of which was Prince Honore II. For tourists this place is interesting because in the chapel there is a carved wooden sculpture of Jesus Christ. Created this masterpiece by François-Jose Bosio, the official sculptor of Napoleon.
- Church of St. Charles
The church appeared in 1883. It is distinguished by its elegance and refinement, as it is built in the Renaissance style. You probably will be struck by a 30-meter bell tower, 19 stained-glass windows and a chandelier from the Throne Room of the Princely Palace, which illuminates the church inside. All this gives the church interior luxury and chic.
Attractions for amateurs
Perhaps there is no man on earth who has Monacowould not be associated with Monte Carlo and his gambling establishments. And not for nothing, because the casino Monte Carlo is the oldest institution in Europe and the most respectable and chic. The casino was opened in 1862, but soon burned down almost to the ground. Only one of the gaming halls remained, which later was converted into a vestibule. The new casino building was restored by the architect Charles Garnier, who was specially invited from Paris. And here the new casino was ready, and in 1878 its opening took place. This building has become even more luxurious than the first. In the casino there are several gaming halls, each of which is designed for a certain game. The halls are decorated with magnificent sculptures, paintings, bronze lamps.
Monaco Attractions: Architecture
Walking around the city, be sure to pay attention to architecture. It is so diverse and beautiful here that the impressions of what you have seen will accompany you after a long journey.
- The Princely Palace
The palace is the residence of Grimaldi, the rulingfamily of the principality. It is located on top of a cliff, which abruptly breaks to the sea. Earlier, in 1215, a fortress was built on this place. Tourist operators include in the program of excursions, not only the examination of the palace from the outside, but also from the inside. Truly this is a journey through time! you will get acquainted with the history, beginning from the epoch of Guelphs and Gibbelins and until the reign of Bonaparte. You will find an amazing walk through the most amazing rooms of the palace: the Italian gallery, the salon of Louis XV, the Mazarin's salon in Moorish style, the Blue salon, the Throne Room, the Palantine's Chapel, the Tower of St. Mary.
- Palace Square
No less striking is the square in front of the palace. It is surrounded by a battery of cannons, which were cast during Louis XIV. Be sure to visit the observation deck: you will have a spectacular view of Monte Carlo, Port, Fontvieille. And if you come here at 11.55 in the morning, you will see a spectacular ceremony of changing the guard in front of the main entrance to the palace. This ritual has not changed for more than a century.
- Opera Monte-Carlo
Opera, like the Monte Carlo casino, was builtThe project was designed by architect Charles Garnier. His fame was brought to the opera in Paris, which was built according to his sketches and named in his honor. Opera Monte Carlo is located in the casino building.
- Fort Antoine
Now in the fort there is an open-air theatersky, designed for 350 people. And at the beginning of the XVIII century, Prince Antoine I built it as a fortress on the north-eastern tip of the rock of Monaco. In 1944, the fort was destroyed, but in 1953 it was restored again. And since then tourists are flocking here to see the theater, because there is something to see! The theater is in a military style. Some preserved walls of the fort, a pyramid of cannonballs on the stage, an observation tower - all this gives the theater a special charm and unusual.
The market is located on Place d'Armes and there isalready since 1880. Today it is a modern building and, rather, a huge shopping center with elevators, parking and escalators, rather than the market in its classical sense. In addition, he is incredibly beautiful: the trading halls are decorated with hanging gardens, fountains, attractive stalls. Next to the market is the pedestrian shopping street of Princess Carolina.
- St Louis II Stadium
In the area of Fontvieille in 1985 was builta huge sports complex, which was designed to hold competitions at the highest level in various sports. In the complex is the famous stadium. It is designed for 20 thousand people. It is noteworthy that it is here that the UEFA Super Cup is played.
- Palace of Justice
The beginning of the construction of the Palace was laid in1924 on the orders of Prince Louis II. The Palace was opened 6 years later, in 1930. The building is built of gray porous stone with impregnations of shells and small pebbles, it is also called sea tuff. On the facade of the building was installed the bust of Prince Honore II.
- The Road of Sculptures
In the Principality of Monaco is a lot of workknown worldwide sculptors. From around the world, thanks to the prince of Monaco, flocked here works. As a result, Monaco exhibited about a hundred sculptures, made by modern masters. Most of the sculptures are in the area of Fontvieille. Be sure to organize a walking tour of the area, during which you can contemplate this beauty.