Apparently, the same Demiurge, who was trampled inMediterranean Sea and gave us Sardinia, decided to continue and, without looking, began to sprinkle the land with blessings from his cornucopia. But either the hands of Demiurge trembled, or he was tired of the works of the righteous, but it so happened that he dropped his cornucopia to North America, and so he left it there to lie. His horn was probably not alone, and it was very beautiful. So he decided to end with decorating the land and see what will come of it all. This history can hardly be called a confirmed historical fact. But she explains the abundance of world records, which Mexico is known for. Then you and the most populous city in the world of Mexico City, and the world's largest pyramid Quetzalcoatl, and the strangest ancient deities with the longest and most difficult to pronounce names, and even the thickest tree - and that grows in Mexico. By the way, if you look at the country from a bird's eye view, it really looks like a horn! And if you start to calculate the sights of Mexico - natural, cultural, architectural, isoteric, - the last doubts in the divine industry will disappear. Only from the bounty of the souls could one bestow such a small, in fact, land of land. And if you have a desire to feel like Lara Croft or Indiana Jones, make a couple of discoveries for yourself and combine all this with the opportunity to have a good rest - welcome to Mexico!
Mixing of crops
You can, of course, once again call the capitalMexico zavjaschim in the teeth of the phrase - an open-air museum. Or to venture into a lengthy discussion about the influence of Spanish culture on the architecture of Mexico City, but we would like to see that in your journey you avoid the stereotypical conventional views on Mexico and the Mexicans. And they tried to make out what can not be seen on the surface: the harmony with which various cultures were intricately intertwined. This applies to both the architectural monuments of Mexico City and the local residents themselves. Most of the population of Mexico - mestizo. It is impossible to imagine that the centuries-old Spanish expansion had no influence on the culture of the country. But, surprisingly, in art, poetry, literature, the influence of the centuries-old traditions of the indigenous people who inhabited these lands in those days when the Spaniards did not even think about conquering the ocean's expanses is traced. By the way, Mexico City was founded not by the Spaniards, but by the Aztecs in the 12th century. According to legend, the god of the sun Huitzilopochtli ordered his children to settle in these lands and establish the city of Tenochtitlan. In their records, the first conquistadors who appeared in the city described with admiration the majestic city. They called it the Aztec Venice. But, as is known from history, the Spaniards did not stop with simple admiration. And soon the city of the Aztecs fell under the onslaught of the Spanish army, and in the place of Tenochtitlán Mexico was founded. Unfortunately, the history of conquests does not end there. Too much of a tasty morsel was Mexico, so that France, and then the United States, would not try to subjugate it. But the spirit of the rebellious Indians could not accept this, and as a result, Mexico gained independence. Although many cultural values were destroyed. But they are not lost forever. They sprouted in architectural masterpieces, in festivals and music. For example. In Mexico City there is an area of three cultures, where the remains of ancient buildings of the times of the Aztec civilization lie at the base. Above them rises the Catholic Cathedral, and surround this controversial composition of modern skyscrapers. Or the Constitution Square, where to this day there were buildings of the ancient Tenochtitlan, neighboring with the Cathedral. The festival of the dead in Mexico is a combination of the Christian customs of remembrance of the deceased and ritual dances of the Indians of North America. If in European culture to commemorate the deceased taken with a touch of sadness, then in Mexico on this day they arrange a holiday.
Treasury of Mexican art
One of the main sights of the capitalMexico is considered the National Anthropological Museum. So many mysterious exhibits dating back to the pre-Columbian era can not boast of any museum in the world. Altar stones with an inconceivable number of incomprehensible symbols, jade skulls (not crystal, do not believe Hollywood movies), the Mayan calendar, which predicts the coming end of the world in December 2012. And of course, the figures of the Aztec gods. If from their names the language turns into a tube, then the images can enter into a state of light shock. Imagine, Quetzalcoatl is a feathered serpent, and now try to visualize the appearance of this feathered reptile. The most real miracle in feathers. And such gods in the Aztec mythology are a whole pantheon. So you will have something to be surprised by examining the exhibits of the anthropological museum.
Quiet hunting for giants
For tourists from all over the world Mexico -attractions, one way or another associated with the mysteries of ancient civilizations. Masterpieces of architecture related to a particular architectural school can be seen without going to another continent. But the pyramids and the cities of the Aztecs, Mayans and those unknown creators who abandoned their gigantic cities long before the Indians began to build temples for their strange deities are unique and unrepeatable. So, we go hunting for secrets.
Pyramids of Teotihuacan
Do not freeze from admiration, realizing your owninsignificance, looking at the pyramids of the Moon and the Sun, just as hard as articulating the names of the Aztec gods. And at the sight of the wide "road of the dead" the spirit captures. This road seems to lead a person straight into the solar disk against the background of the horizon. A little imagination, and the wide channel of the road of the dead is filled with water, before the mental gaze appears a sparkling path through which the Aztecs sent their deceased to the best of the worlds. The steps of Teotihuacan clearly hint at the fact that the pyramid was built was not for people at all. Than it is possible to explain that for lifting on this ladder it is necessary to rise on all fours and creep, overcoming distance in human growth. It would be interesting to look at those who walked along this ladder without difficulty. And after that, scientists talk about acceleration? Yes, we, in comparison with representatives of ancient civilizations - a trifle! And one more feature. It turns out that all Teotihuacan pyramids are located just like three stars in the constellation of the Orion belt. So, you simultaneously find yourself between two riddles: the Aztec pyramids and the enticing mysterious space. And it becomes interesting, how, without having telescopes, people could repeat the drawing of the constellation?
Battle of the Gods
The Cholula pyramid, unfortunately, is the brightestan example of the thoughtless vandalism of the Spaniards. Moreover, vandalism with the permission of the church authorities. This is such an example of the battle of the gods by unreasonable fanatics. The thing is that the Cholula pyramid is the largest in the world. Its design resembles our nesting dolls. Initially, the pyramid was much smaller, but the Indians were very fond of building a new one without destroying the old one, and over time, a layered pyramid cake turned out. There are only three layers, but this does not detract from their dignity. The walls of each pyramid are ornamented with the utmost care and love. Apparently, this did not give rest to the Catholic priests who, with fire and sword, decided to drive the Indians into the bosom of their church. So the Cholula pyramid was covered with clay, pre-plundered, and at the top a church was built. Even the modern Indians, long ago become Catholics, call the church on top of Cholula a thorns wreath. And the pyramid is a martyr.
Chichen Itza - red area in Mexican
Visit Mexico and not see Chichen Itza - almostthe same thing that to come to Moscow and not walk around Red Square. This city was built not even by the Aztecs, but by the Toltecs. It's an unfamiliar name, is not it? But it is precisely the Toltecs who are considered the first tribes inhabiting the territory of Mexico. They even managed to found an empire. Scientists to this day are fighting over the riddles of this civilization. Do you need confirmation? Here they are. Pyramid of Quetzalcoatl. Standing at the foot of the pyramid, it may seem that the width of all steps, both below and above, is the same. However, this is an optical illusion. Steps are made in such a way that you, looking at them, lose the sense of perspective. And you can return it only by climbing up the steps to the very top of the pyramid of a feathered serpent. And one more detail. In the days of the equinox, the shadow from the pyramid slowly slides down the steps. Like a real snake. And disappears exactly three hours and twenty-two minutes. By the disappearing shadow, you can even check the hours. And now think, what knowledge of the Toltecs had to have to calculate everything to within a minute and a centimeter? The centuries pass by, but for a moment the shadow of the pyramid does not stay, it flows down the steps.
Bird Island - feather and Aztec
Cultural attractions of Mexico - this is notonly stone idols or pyramids, but also the people themselves. In order to be convinced of this, it is necessary to go to the bird island - Mekscaltitan. Legends explaining the name of the island, such an amount that, if they had real weight, the island would simply go underwater and become the second Atlantis. But, fortunately, you came here not only for legends. So, let's be satisfied with the simplest explanation that the island is called a bird because of the abundance of herons on it. By the way, there are a lot of them on the island. Beautiful graceful birds walk around the island, not at all embarrassed by the presence of people. They got used to it. But the Mekscaltitan tourists do not attract herons. And not even the Aztec buildings. They are simply not there. And the fact that the Aztecs live on the island. There is not a single car or asphalt road in Mekscaltitane. The police here also have nothing to do. The minimum of the benefits of civilization and the maximum life of the indigenous Aztec. No excesses. Almost no secrets. But here it is possible to look at traditional holidays. You will not see them anywhere else. The island of birds can be called a voluntary reservation. As if local residents deliberately fenced themselves off from the whole world in order to preserve their own legends, traditions and customs.
There is no limit to perfection
From the cornucopia to Mexico, not onlyarchitectural monuments and riddles, but also the beauty of nature, which without exaggeration can be called the sights of Mexico. After all these races on the pyramids it would be nice to rest. Especially since the coast of the Caribbean Sea provides all conditions for this. The resort cities of Acapulco, Manzanilliers and Cancun are known all over the world. White beaches, a lot of entertainment for an amateur to relax on a grand scale. But the unique is Mexico, that no matter where you decide to rest, as a pleasant addition to the usual set of services, you will definitely get a couple of sights of the times of ancient civilizations.
Attraction of unseen waterfalls
Those who came to Mexico for the beauty of hernatural parks, you should definitely go to the park of the Basacheci waterfalls. The waterfall, which gave the name of this place, falls from a height of 246 meters into a deep canyon. The roar of the waterfall drowns out any sounds. Indomitable element of water, rainbow, sparkling at the bottom of the canyon, fascinate and always cause admiration. By the way, if you can see where the rainbow begins, you can try to find a treasure. The waterfalls of the Huateca Potosina reserve will conquer you with their color. Just imagine, it varies from transparent azure to milky-blue. And you can look at all these waterfalls by sailing on a real Indian canoe. Tired of the rumbling and cutting eyes of the predatory perfection of indomitable water, which falls from different heights, you can go to the Minas Viejas waterfall. Someone will say: Well, again, the waterfall. Nothing like this! No aggression, streams of water flowing smoothly along the cliffs cause primitive fear of the elements, but bring peace. The main thing is that while you are admiring the waterfalls, do not mislab your headgear. Around the jungle, the crowns of giant trees are inhabited by spider monkeys. And they are a curious and unceremonious people. And they are by no means alien to the fashion headgear. Cenotes are mysterious wells with clear ice water. As a result, they appeared, difficult to answer. But the Maya Indians considered bathing in these wells almost a sacred ritual. And you can not only swim, but dive with aqualungs. Especially as it is, on the underwater tunnels, you can get to the hidden caves. Some of them can be studied only by swimming. That is, there is no entrance to such a cave outside. That's where you make your instinct discoverer! Moreover, in these caves there is something to see and shoot for an amateur film. It is possible to describe the sights of Mexico for a long time. But it's best, of course, to see them yourself. At least just to learn how to drink tequila, wear a sombrero and dance salsa. Although, to be honest, Mexico is not just a country. It's a way of life. And, despite the apparent availability of its secrets and secrets, it will always remain mysterious, incomprehensible and attractive to you.