Surely the question of how to drive correctlycar, stood before every woman who wants to learn all the nuances of the complex science of driving. Of course, today there is every opportunity to make the learning process the most accessible and quality, for example, driving courses and the services of a personal instructor during the first independent trips. But there is a so-called technique of correct driving. And it often has to be mastered by personal experience. What do you need to know in order to make as few mistakes as possible? Before you get behind the wheel, you must perfectly navigate in a large number of road signs, because they indicate the direction of movement, limit speed and warn about the dangers. The road does not like those drivers who neglect studying the rules of traffic in the car stream. Only in the case when you understand the meaning of a particular sign, you can begin to study the practical skills of riding a car. It should be noted that people who are able to control their emotions, as well as those who are naturally endowed with speed of reaction, will be easier to get used to as a driver. Excess fearlessness is more likely a minus than a plus in such a case, since only a person with a healthy sense of danger can correctly assess the situation. If you are afraid to drive, do not get upset - it's a matter of habit. The main thing is to remain calm and not to panic at the wheel. So, correctly lead those who do not risk in vain, so do not neglect the seat belt. Such frivolity, as statistics show, becomes the main cause of deaths in road accidents. So take care of your life and money.
Transmission - what is it and why is it needed?
Under the transmission or gearbox understanda set of mechanisms responsible for the process of transition of the torque from the engine to the wheels of the car. It can be either a mechanical or an automaton type. And here it should be noted that one of the most difficult moments in the process of teaching proper driving, for both men and women, is the smooth beginning of the movement. Somewhat easier it happens if the car has an automatic transmission, but the car on the mechanics smoothly move from the place many can not from the first or even the fifth time. Indeed, it is difficult for a newcomer to simultaneously cope with the gas and brake pedals, turn on the gear, squeeze the clutch, and even perform it smoothly, almost automatically. Of great importance here is the synchronism in the movement of the hands and feet of the driver-beginner - without it a smooth start of the ride will not work. You can bring the algorithm to automatism, if you practice with the engine off. This technique will help you get rid of unnecessary nervousness and help you clearly understand the sequence of actions performed. To learn the art of smoothly moving from the spot, it is important to understand what exactly happens to the engine of the car when you perform the above actions. What is a mechanical box and automatic box? Why in the first case besides the gas and brake pedals there is one more? This is due to the fact that in the automatic transmission the main role is given to the torque converter, and in the mechanical - to the clutch. The driver is not required to act on the torque converter by means of additional manipulations: the gear changes take place with the help of the brake band and clutches, and the electronic control system controls them directly. The operation of the mechanical box depends on the difference between the two serrated wheels, which determines the transmission level: elevated, lowered, or neutral. The process of controlling the mechanical transmission entirely depends on the driver.
Smooth start of movement - pledge of "health" of the engine
Now that everything has become more or less clear with the principle of work, we will try to master the smooth beginning of the movement for a car with a mechanical transmission. Here is the algorithm for this manipulation:
What can not be done categorically:
- sharply throw the clutch pedal, because, instead of smooth, the movement will turn jerky;
- too early and heavily pressure on gas - this will instantly affect the engine's operation - a roaring beep is heard;
- very slowly add speed and at the same time release the clutch - this can lead to a situation where the engine "stall".
Certain nuances in the question, how to correctlyTo begin movement, exist and at automatic transmission. For example, in this case the engine should be started in the parking position (P). If this is done in the neutral position (N), it is advisable to use a handbrake. The basic algorithm looks like this:
This option, of course, is easier, because transfersswitches automatically, without the participation of the driver in this process. However, this is an apparent simplicity, because in one and the other case a strictly definite sequence is necessary. Only then the car will move from place smoothly, and you, as the driver and the immediate "culprit" of this, feel joy and pride. But do not be upset if the first time something did not work out. The main thing - do not give up attempts, show perseverance - and then you will necessarily achieve what you desire.
The tricks of proper driving
To not spend a lot of time on the road, and alsoDo not become a frequent guest of service workshops, you need to remember a few basic rules for driving. After all, they are held by people who lead long and successfully.
Remember that proper driving in the firstthe queue is safe. If you are behind the wheel, then be careful, watch the road and do not be distracted by conversations. It is better for beginner drivers to keep to the speed of movement, which does not exceed 60 km per hour. This will allow you to constantly monitor your car. When changing lanes, do not forget to turn on the turn signals and look in the rear and side mirrors. To drive a car so that it is possible to repair it as less as possible, only those people who adhere to the correct manner of driving can remember and do not forget that politeness and orderliness have not disturbed anyone, especially when it comes to motor roads. Neither a nail, nor a rod to you, dear motorists! We advise you to read: