Modern women are so busy buildingcareer and earning money, that in the inevitable hectic everyday life of the metropolis sometimes can not even properly eat. Because of the high employment at work, they have to give up full-fledged meals in favor of short "snacks" on the go. Low-quality products, insufficiently purified water, bad habits and other negative factors also destructively affect the human body, daily worsening his health. In such an environment, gastritis has become one of the most common diseases of the twenty-first century. But the main role in this matter is played by the show industry, which dictates fashion for thinness. Unfortunately, this causes girls and women of all ages to fatigue themselves with all sorts of diets for weight loss. Such experiments also lead to an increase in the number of patients in gastroenterology. The Internet teems with quotations from the series: "The ideal diet! She began to eat once a day, but abundantly, in two months she lost fourteen kilograms. True, she had atrophic gastritis, but she achieved her goal! " Such a blasphemous attitude towards one's own organism is appalling, since it is very simple to damage the health of an unreasonably selected menu. And it is sometimes impossible to rectify the current situation. Remember, diet for weight loss has not benefited anyone. Perhaps you will lose five or ten kilograms, but then you will have to allocate time and finances for treatment.
Gastritis: why there were stomach problems
This ailment has many forms and manifestations,differing in their properties and attributes. Acute, chronic, superficial, atrophic, erosive, antral gastritis - practically each of us with this sign is not by hearsay. As well as other various diseases of the liver, which are found in medical reports, medknizhkah, printed and electronic sources of information. Sometimes a person who does not have medical education, it is difficult to navigate in this diversity and distinguish one form of the disease from another. Our article is designed to help readers in this. But remember that the treatment should be done only by a doctor. By the way, a diet for your specific case is also developed by him. What is gastritis gastritis refers to the disease of the stomach, accompanied by the defeat of its shell. Such inflammation (focal or diffuse) can appear due to exposure to mucous too spicy food, too strong alcoholic beverages, poor-quality products, etc. A common precondition for the occurrence of gastritis is a systematic violation of the diet - irregular eating and the presence of long (about 5-6 hours) intervals between meals. Strong stress and neuropsychic stress also contribute to the development of this disease. To date, doctors distinguish between acute and chronic gastritis. The main manifestations of acute gastritis are pains of different intensity in the region of the stomach, discomfort in the epigastric region, a feeling of buckwheat in the mouth, belching, nausea. Most often, the symptoms appear on average 2-3 hours after meals and are accompanied by increased salivation, rumbling in the stomach, a loose stool and strong urge to vomit, which can bring relief (of course, temporary). Another important feature is an aversion to food, combined with headache, general weakness and increased body temperature. Particularly clear symptoms of the disease are expressed when ingested products contaminated with pathogenic bacteria. Most often it is poorly cooked meat and fish, salads from poorly washed ingredients, spoiled confectionery products - profiteroles, brewed cakes and cakes with cream. Diet with gastritis What is a diet? This is not only the restriction of harmful products, but also the inclusion of healthy food in the diet. Richly, rationally and diversely eat rich in vitamins vegetables and fruits. Replace the morning coffee with sandwiches on freshly squeezed juice with fruit salad, filled with yogurt or yogurt - deliver yourself such a joy at least on weekends. After all, a diet is not the end of life, but the beginning of a new one, where there is no place for pain. Proper treatment and strict diet - all this together will help overcome acute gastritis. In this case, the patient is usually shown a liquid warm food - low-fat lean soup or broth, sweet tea, compote or jelly, fermented baked milk or kefir. Later in the menu it is allowed to add a mild porridge, cream soup, mashed potatoes, soft-boiled eggs, steam cutlets. After a certain period of time (usually 2-3 weeks), vegetables, cottage cheese, boiled meat, steamed fish are included. This is done under the condition of constant improvement of well-being and good tolerance of consumed products. Pay attention, the diet should be observed even after your treatment is completed. Chronic gastritis is more common among the urban population, and its treatment is considered more complicated, expensive and time-consuming. The problem is that in supermarkets and markets it is rather difficult to find products that would not consist of various additives and chemistry. As mentioned above, gastritis occurs mainly due to malnutrition, which leads to a deterioration in the production of gastric juice by the digestive tract. Foods dry (sandwiches, hamburgers, buns, etc.), starvation, failure to adhere to even an approximate meal schedule, the misuse of spices when preparing meals, reading during meals, insufficient chewing food. All of the above at least once in the life of every representative of the fair sex. And with systematic repetition, this disease occurs. An important role is also played by the abuse of alcoholic beverages. As a consequence, the lesion of the gastric mucosa and its subsequent anatomical change. Often gastritis causes smoking (especially, on an empty stomach) and improper intake of medications. Do not self-medicate if you do not have medical education. The use without a prescription of a doctor of various medications and medications, in particular, antipyretic drugs - is the right way to the appearance of problems with the stomach and your health as a whole. As the factors contributing to the development of the disease, there are foci of infection in the oral cavity (caries, inflammation of the tonsils, erosive or ulcerative lesions of the tongue, etc.), pancreas, gall bladder, liver.
Symptomatics and Diagnosis of Chronic Gastritis
Symptoms of chronic gastritis are pain"Under the spoon," belching and heartburn, a feeling of overflow and raspiraniya in the stomach, bouts of nausea, unstable stool (alternating diarrhea with constipation). During the period of exacerbation, these manifestations are usually intensified. Patients with chronic gastritis need qualified care, constant medical supervision and effective treatment. A prerequisite is the practically lifelong observance of the prescribed menu. The diet can vary depending on your condition. Of course, at times you can indulge yourself with delicacies, but everything should be in moderation. To promote recovery will be such additional measures as treatment in specialized sanatorium establishments, including therapeutic physical culture, special physiotherapy procedures, a diet with the use of mineral waters. The most popular gastritis sick resorts are Karlovy Vary (Czech Republic), Truskavets (Ukraine), Borjomi (Georgia), and Pyatigorsk, Zheleznovodsk and Kislovodsk (Russia). This list can continue and continue. Fortunately, the choice is huge, so in this case everything depends only on you, your requirements and preferences, time and financial opportunities.
- Atrophic gastritis
Usually two main forms of flowchronic gastritis - focal and atrophic. In the first case, there is complete or partial damage to the upper layers of the gastric mucosa, which has no particularly serious consequences, since it does not affect the secretion. Atrophic gastritis, by contrast, is dangerous to health, because it leads to a thinning of the walls of the stomach and a decrease in the number of secretory glands. This, in turn, causes a disruption in the production of gastric juice. Atrophic gastritis is considered to be the most serious and complex in treatment, it is even called a "precancerous condition". There is atrophic gastritis in about 20% of cases. It should be noted that such a disease is strongly "younger". This endemia is found increasingly in modern women, and not at all old. "Atrophic gastritis" is a morphological diagnosis, the formulation of which is preceded by a number of examinations. This can be, for example, the analysis of gastric juice, which is done to determine the level of acidity, an x-ray of the abdominal cavity (stomach, in particular), an immunological analysis of the blood. The causes of atrophic gastritis are diverse - ranging from the negative effects on the stomach of rough food, ending with neglected, left without proper treatment, inflammation. We do not like to visit hospitals, we try to get rid of the disease on our own. And this only makes it worse. Symptoms of atrophic gastritis are similar to the signs of chronic, which were described above. To the previously mentioned list, you can add weakness, excessive sweating, deterioration in overall well-being (including weakness) after eating. At the same time, pain sensations are almost completely absent. When the disease begins to progress, the patient may begin to complain about weight loss, visual impairment, hair loss, exfoliation of the nails. This is caused by a violation of the assimilation of compounds useful for the body and trace elements from food (atrophic gastritis strongly affects human immunity).
- Antral gastritis
The most common form isgastritis of the antrum of the stomach, which is also referred to as group B gastritis or antral gastritis. A similar diagnosis is also morphological (its formulation is made according to the results of a gastroscopy or gastrobiopsy). It should be mentioned erosive (or erosive) antral gastritis, in which surface ulceration (erosion) of the gastric mucosa occurs, which gives the patient a lot of unpleasant sensations. Often there is a diagnosis of "superficial antral gastritis" in young people. This ailment also applies to varieties of chronic gastritis. The reason for the appearance is the bacteria licobacter pylori. Remember, you can not determine by eye that you have this infection. Consultation of an experienced specialist is required. It is unlikely that you will understand on your own how the atrophic and focal gastritis differ between each other. And if you start to be treated at random, listening to the advice of your friends, only worsen your condition. After all, the symptoms in this case may be similar. With chronic antral gastritis, which is a superficial disease of the stomach, there is an increased acidity of the gastric juice. Note that this disease often occurs asymptomatically. As individual measures for the prevention of gastritis, it is possible to distinguish the control of the acquired food (elimination of consumption of stale, overdue products), avoidance of abuse of acute and peppery foods. Diet is the basis of your treatment. And it does not matter, antral you have gastritis or not. We should not forget about the rejection of bad habits (smoking, drinking). Your stomach (and the body as a whole) will say thank you very much for following the regime. The diet is built on fractional and frequent meals. To eat it is necessary not less often, than 4-5 times a day, and, in small portions (in no event it is impossible to suppose a single or double plentiful meal). Watch your health so that you do not have to endure complicated and expensive treatment and just spoil your mood with visits to the gastroenterologist. By the way, as mentioned above, in this case, the diet should be constantly observed, and not during the period of exacerbation. Remember: if you find yourself experiencing any symptoms of gastritis, then immediately consult a doctor for qualified help. Do not self-medicate at all - this can do much harm. We advise you to read: