March 8 is considered to be the International Women'sIn the afternoon, but few know how this holiday came about. We celebrate it and do not think about what forces women have achieved equality and respect for themselves. And it all began hundreds of years ago, from Matron's Day. It turns out that the history of the holiday on March 8 originated in Ancient Rome. Then this holiday had no definite name, and celebrated its noble matrons. At that time, matrons called women who were free in their birth and were married. When the holiday came, the husbands gave their wives wonderful gifts and surrounded them all day with warmth, love and care. Even slaves on this day were freed from their direct duties and could do whatever they wanted. Most often, women living in Rome, got their best outfits, put them on and went to the temple of the Goddess Vesta, the keeper of the family hearth, - probably, thus, thanking her for this wonderful day.
But time passed, and again patriarchy came. Men oppressed women, humiliated them, infringed rights. In the XIX century, women could not occupy high-ranking positions, did not have the right to vote, and could not work where they wanted. Representatives of the fair sex did not want to put up with this, because their grievances accumulated over the years. And in 1857, it was on March 8, in New York, the first strike was held by women. The instigators of the action were textile workers, who worked for 16 hours a day and received pennies. Women wished that they could work in the same way as men, that is, for 10 hours, and that the premises in which they worked were warm and bright. And they also demanded an equalization of their wages to that received by men. Of all the above, they achieved little, only a ten-hour shift, but it was a great victory in those days. In addition to the strike, the representatives of the fair sex decided to establish their own trade union organization, although they had no such right before. Hundreds of women took to the streets with placards and proved to everyone around them that they could have the right to vote, and also to elect their government as men. Thus, the history of March 8 was gaining momentum, and the Socialist Party of America decided that every last Sunday of February would be recognized as a women's day. But this holiday was celebrated in the country only 4 years.
The struggle continues
Following the adoption of this decision at the InternationalWomen's Conference in Copenhagen, Clara Zetkin proposed to arrange similar US rallies annually throughout the world. It was not just a proposal, it was a real war cry, which sounded for the women of the world to defend their case. Many girls responded. There were first actions to help the poor, protests for the right to work, some fought for peace throughout the world, and some began to defend their dignity and honor of those women who regularly suffered domestic violence. The first countries to celebrate the women's day were Denmark, Germany, Switzerland and Austria. True, everything was celebrated on March 19, but this was already a big plus in the lives of many women. Then, for the holiday on March 8, the history of the occurrence played a big role: it was the strike, that is, a pronounced protest, that led to the fact that a new important date appeared in the calendars of the girls of that time. Moreover, at the same time, many women received decent work and rights on an equal basis with men. In 1913, the feast of March 8 was first marked by Russia. Meanwhile, in countries where the government did not approve the introduction of the women's day, rallies and strikes were held, and women, of course, conducted them. For example, in England, there were a number of strikes against the tyranny of men and their relationship to the beautiful sex. Even London prostitutes went to the rally, demanding better conditions and higher tariffs. However, in the hardened bourgeois countries, the day of March 8 did not become "international". Apparently, local housewives were not particularly attracted by the revolutionary struggle and the change of cozy, though annoying, kitchens to the links and hard labor accompanying this struggle.
In 1917, when March 8 was already celebratedconstantly, the history of the holiday was touched also by such countries as Finland, Iceland and Norway. In these countries, women finally got the right to vote. In 1921, at the second international women's conference, it was decided that now March 8 will not just be a women's day. This holiday will be celebrated and as a memory to all those women who once were not afraid to go out and protect their rights! In 1965, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved March 8 as an official holiday. Since that time, he began to appear red in the calendar, and also on this day began to give a day off. Time passed, and gradually the holiday was less and less political, and more and more became romantic, and, despite the fact that the Soviet Union collapsed a long time ago, it did not cease to celebrate. In addition, March 8 is considered a day off not only in the countries of the former Soviet Union. This tradition was joined by Angola, Mongolia, Macedonia, China, Congo and Cambodia. March 8 in Uzbekistan celebrate Mother's Day, and in Armenia this day is recognized as the day of motherhood and the world beauty of women. But the International Women's Day in these countries, as well as in Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia, was canceled for unknown reasons. By the way, the most romantic country - France - also does not celebrate the eighth of March, no matter how regrettable it may sound. They do not believe that this day should be red in the calendar, that it is worthy of respect. Many French and French women generally consider it pointless.
March 8 in different countries
Despite the fact that March 8 is a day when the very history of the holiday means a lot, the countries of the world decided to celebrate it in different ways.
- In Italy, this day is not common with men. Women with their companies gather in a cafe and celebrate. By the way, if such a company is in a cafe, entry to men is forbidden!
- In Germany, this holiday also did not gain much momentum. It is not considered to be a day off, and even many women treat him indifferently.
- Vietnam, as well as Russia, celebrates this holiday. He means a lot to them, because he used to be dedicated to sisters who gave their lives for saving the country.
- In Bulgaria, this holiday is celebrated, but the day offthe day is not given to him. Therefore, often in groups where there are women, after dinner, feasts are arranged, and men congratulate their women colleagues.
- In China, this holiday is already lost. Greetings are received only by those women who in their time were revolutionaries. All the rest do not belong to this celebration.
- In Cuba, International Women's Day is a greatcelebration. The thing is that there was a time when women left the "warpath" and fought on a par with men. That is why on March 8, the beautiful half of humanity receives congratulations and gifts from everywhere.
In Russia, today the holiday is revered in the same way asrevered and a few dozen years ago. Weekend suit everywhere, as in public organizations, and in private. Very often there are concerts dedicated to women. In the morning, crowds of men are standing near flower shops in order to buy the most beautiful bouquets to their beautiful women. The favorite flower of the majority is mimosa, because it is associated with the beginning of spring. Many men become at this day at the stove, saving their beloved women from all worries. They bring breakfast to bed, clean and prepare a romantic dinner or another surprise. Every Russian woman is looking forward to this day to get not only gifts, but also positive emotions, which are often so lacking during the year. On the eve of the eighth of March in stores you can find a lot of various unique gifts that are dedicated to women's day. This is an interesting tile of chocolate, and many varieties of perfumes, and a variety of sets of dishes, and colorful postcards, both with jokes and serious wishes. Congratulate usually all women: and colleagues, and moms, and grandmothers, and daughters, and wives, and loved ones, and even passers-by. The atmosphere of the holiday always reigns in the air, and it really feels that soon spring will begin. After all, women, of course, are associated with beauty. And she already associates with the spring. The history of the holiday on March 8th brings us back to those times when women proved to the whole world what they are capable of. This is the day when the girls decided on a real life, when they became equal and got the right to vote. This holiday should be remembered not as an extra reason to receive or present a gift, but as proof that after all women are not such a weak sex! We advise you to read: